The prevailing view of scientific popularization, both within academic circles and beyond, affirms that its objectives and procedures are unrelated to tasks of cognitive development and that its pertinence is by and large restricted to the lay public. Consistent with this view, popularization is frequently portrayed as a logical and hence inescapable consequence of a culture dominated by science-based products and procedures and by a scientistic ideology. On another level, it is depicted as a quasi-political device for chan- nelling the energies of the general public along predetermined paths; examples of this are the nineteenth-century Industrial Revolution and the U. S. -Soviet space race. Alternatively, scientific popularization is described as a carefully contrived plan which enables scientists or their spokesmen to allege that scientific learn- ing is equitably shared by scientists and non-scientists alike. This manoeuvre is intended to weaken the claims of anti-scientific protesters that scientists monopolize knowledge as a means of sustaining their social privileges. Pop- ularization is also sometimes presented as a psychological crutch.
This, in an era of increasing scientific specialisation, permits the researchers involved to believe that by transcending the boundaries of their narrow fields, their endeavours assume a degree of general cognitive importance and even extra- scientific relevance. Regardless of the particular thrust of these different analyses it is important to point out that all are predicated on the tacit presupposition that scientific popularization belongs essentially to the realm of non-science, or only concerns the periphery of scientific activity.
Introductory Essay.- Knowledge Producers and Knowledge Acquirers: Popularisation as a Relation Between Scientific Fields and Their Publics.- I Expository Contexts and Knowledge Types.- Expository Practice: Social, Cognitive and Epistemological Linkage.- Popularisation within the Sciences: The Purposes and Consequences of Inter-Specialist Communication.- Representing Geology: Textual Structures in the Pedagogical Presentation of Science.- Attuning Science to Culture: Scientific and Popular Discussion in Dutch Sociology of Education, 1960-1980.- The Reaction to Political Radicalism and the Popularisation of Political Economy in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain: The Case of 'Productive' and 'Unproductive' Labour.- II The Scientific Appropriation of Major Publics.- Media Sensationalisation and Science: The Case of the Criminal Chromosome.- Speaking out about Competition: An Essay on The Double Helix as Popularisation.- Popularisation and Scientific Controversy: The Case of the Theory of Relativity in France.- The Cathedral of French Science: The Early Years of the Palais de la Decouverte.- Spreading the Spirit of Science: Social Determinants of the Popularisation of Science in Nineteenth-Century Germany.- Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Meets the Atom Bomb.- III The Social Appropriation of Science.- Industrial Science as a "Show": A Case-Study of Georges Claude.- Popular Political Economy for the British Working Class Reader in the Nineteenth Century.- IV A Practitioner's View of Popularisation.- Impacts of Present-Day Popularisation.
Series: Jerusalem Symposia on Quantum Chemistry and Biochemistry
Number Of Pages: 294
Published: 30th June 1985
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.62 x 15.85
Weight (kg): 0.44