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Exploring the Domain of Accident Law : Taking the Facts Seriously - Don DeWees

Exploring the Domain of Accident Law

Taking the Facts Seriously

Hardcover Published: 4th January 1996
ISBN: 9780195087970
Number Of Pages: 464

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In the mid 1980s, there was a crisis in the availability, affordability, and adequacy of liability insurance in the United States and Canada. Mass tort claims such as the asbestos, DES, and Agent Orange litigation generated widespread public attention, and the tort system came to assume a heightened prominence in American life. While some scholars debate whether or not any such crisis still exists, there has been an increasing political, judicial and academic questioning of the goals and future of the tort system.
Exploring the Domain of Tort Law reviews the evidence on the efficacy of the tort system and its alternatives. By looking at empirical evidence in five major categories of accidents--automobile, medical malpractice, product-related accidents, environmental injuries, and workplace injuries--the authors evaluate the degree to which the tort system conforms to three normative goals: deterrence, corrective justice, and distributive justice. In each case, the authors review the deterrence and compensatory properties of the tort system, and then review parallel bodies of evidence on regulatory, penal, and compensatory alternatives.
Most of the academic literature on the tort system has traditionally been doctrinal or, in recent years, highly theoretical. Very little of this literature provides an in-depth consideration of how the system works, and whether or not there are any feasible alternatives. Exploring the Domain of Tort Law contributes valuable new evidence to the tort law reform debate. It will be of interest to academic lawyers and economists, policy analysts, policy professionals in government and research organizations, and all those affected by tort law reform.

Introductionp. 3
The Tort System under Stressp. 3
Competing Normative Perspectivesp. 5
Deterrencep. 5
Compensationp. 6
Corrective Justicep. 8
Summaryp. 9
The Evaluative Framework: Inputs and Outputsp. 10
Optimal Deterrencep. 10
Optimal Compensationp. 11
Optimal Corrective Justicep. 11
Evaluating Alternatives to Tort Lawp. 12
Plan of the Bookp. 12
Notesp. 13
Automobile Accidentsp. 15
Tort Law: Deterrencep. 15
Input Analysisp. 15
Output Analysisp. 22
Tort Law: Compensationp. 26
Eligibilityp. 28
Benefitsp. 30
Dispositionp. 34
Financingp. 38
Summaryp. 39
Tort Law: Corrective Justicep. 39
Input Analysisp. 39
Output Analysisp. 40
Summaryp. 42
Penal and Regulatory Alternatives to the Tort Systemp. 42
Sanctionsp. 43
Licensingp. 48
Rewardsp. 50
Motor Vehicle and Highway Safety Designp. 50
Post-Accident Injury Carep. 52
Summaryp. 53
No-Fault Compensatory Alternatives for Automobile Accidentsp. 54
Input Analysisp. 55
Output Analysisp. 56
Summaryp. 62
Notesp. 62
Medical Accidentsp. 95
Tort Law: Deterrencep. 96
Input Analysisp. 96
Output Analysisp. 104
Tort Law: Compensationp. 112
Benefit Levelsp. 113
Eligibility Criteriap. 114
Claims Dispositionp. 115
Administrative Costsp. 116
Financingp. 116
Summaryp. 117
Tort Law: Corrective Justicep. 117
Input Analysisp. 118
Output Analysisp. 120
Summaryp. 122
Penal and Regulatory Alternatives to the Tort Systemp. 122
Input Analysisp. 123
Output Analysisp. 125
Summaryp. 135
No-Fault Compensatory Alternatives for Medical Accidentsp. 136
Input Analysisp. 136
Output Analysisp. 144
Summaryp. 146
Notesp. 147
Product-Related Accidentsp. 188
Tort Law: Deterrencep. 189
Input Analysisp. 189
Output Analysisp. 197
Summaryp. 204
Tort Law: Compensationp. 205
Input Analysisp. 206
Output Analysisp. 207
Summaryp. 211
Tort Law: Corrective Justicep. 212
Liability Rulesp. 212
Quantum Rulesp. 212
Claims Initiationp. 213
Summaryp. 213
Penal and Regulatory Alternatives to the Tort Systemp. 214
Command-and-Control Regulationp. 214
Tax/Subsidy Instrumentsp. 232
Information Policiesp. 232
Criminal Sanctionsp. 236
Summaryp. 239
No-Fault Compensatory Alternatives for Medical Accidentsp. 240
Compensation Schemes for Vaccine-Related Injuriesp. 240
Drug Injury Compensation Schemesp. 243
Summaryp. 244
Notesp. 245
Environmental Injuriesp. 265
Tort Law: Deterrencep. 265
Input Analysisp. 266
Output Analysisp. 279
Tort Law: Compensationp. 290
Input Analysisp. 290
Output Analysisp. 292
Summaryp. 296
Tort Law: Corrective Justicep. 297
Input Analysisp. 297
Output Analysisp. 298
Summaryp. 299
Penal and Regulatory Alternatives to the Tort Systemp. 299
Regulation: Command-and-Control Standard Settingp. 299
General Criminal Sanctionsp. 323
Information Policiesp. 324
Charges and Marketable Permitsp. 325
Subsidiesp. 327
Summaryp. 328
No-Fault Compensatory Alternatives for Environmental Injuriesp. 328
Notesp. 331
Workplace Injuriesp. 346
Tort Law: Deterrencep. 346
Input Analysisp. 347
Output Analysisp. 352
Tort Law: Compensationp. 355
Input Analysisp. 355
Output Analysisp. 356
Tort Law: Corrective Justicep. 357
Input Analysisp. 357
Output Analysisp. 359
Tort Law: Summaryp. 361
Penal and Regulatory Alternatives to the Tort Systemp. 362
Command-and-Control Regulationp. 362
Tax or Price Instrumentsp. 378
General Criminal Sanctionsp. 382
Information Policiesp. 383
Summaryp. 385
No-Fault Compensatory Alternatives for Workplace Injuriesp. 387
Workers' Compensationp. 387
Other Compensation Programs: Black Lungp. 394
Summaryp. 395
Notesp. 396
Summary and Implicationsp. 412
Empirical Summaryp. 414
Deterrencep. 414
Compensationp. 421
Corrective Justicep. 424
Policy Implicationsp. 427
Automobile Accidentsp. 427
Medical Accidentsp. 428
Product-Related Accidentsp. 429
Environmental Injuriesp. 430
Workplace Injuriesp. 431
General or Residual Compensation Schemesp. 432
Conclusionp. 436
Notesp. 438
Indexp. 441
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195087970
ISBN-10: 0195087976
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 464
Published: 4th January 1996
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.62 x 16.2  x 3.45
Weight (kg): 0.91

Earn 343 Qantas Points
on this Book