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Exploring Sustainable Development : Geographical Perspectives - Martin Purvis

Exploring Sustainable Development

Geographical Perspectives

By: Martin Purvis (Editor), Alan Grainger (Editor)

Paperback Published: 8th January 2004
ISBN: 9781853834721
Number Of Pages: 4001

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Sustainable development is capturing the attention of planners, politicians and business leaders. Within the academic sphere its study is increasingly breaching disciplinary boundaries to become a focus of attention for natural and social scientists alike. But in studying such a key concept, it is vital that there is a clear definition of what it means, how it is applied on the ground, and the influence it exerts upon people's perceptions of change in the physical environment, economic activity and society.

Exploring Sustainable Development is a major new text which provides a multifaceted introduction to key areas of study in this field, examining sustainability at the full range of spatial scales from the local to the global. Building on existing theory it demonstrates the unique contributions that thinking geographically about space, place and human-environment relationships can bring to the analysis of sustainable development. This book explores different interpretations of sustainable development in both theory and practice, in developed and developing countries, and in rural and urban areas. It pays particular attention to the local, national and international politics of implementation, the future of climate and energy, the role of business, and different conceptions of agricultural sustainability.

This wide-ranging text is ideal for undergraduates and postgraduates in geography, environmental science, development studies, and related social and political sciences.

List of Figures and Tablesp. ix
List of Contributorsp. x
Prefacep. xi
List of Acronyms and Abbreviationsp. xii
Introductionp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Conflicting Political Idealsp. 3
Sustainable Development as an Ambiguous Compromisep. 6
From Economic Growth to Sustainable Developmentp. 9
Capital: A Unifying Thread in Development Theoriesp. 13
Economic Theories of Sustainable Developmentp. 16
Reconciling the Political and Theoretical Discoursesp. 20
Questions about Sustainable Developmentp. 22
Geographical Perspectives on Sustainable Developmentp. 24
Conclusionp. 30
Geography and Sustainable Developmentp. 33
Introductionp. 33
A Case for Geographyp. 33
Engaging with Sustainable Developmentp. 37
Geography and the Pursuit of More Sustainable Developmentp. 40
Looking Deeperp. 43
Conclusionp. 48
The Role of Spatial Scale and Spatial Interactions in Sustainable Developmentp. 50
Introductionp. 50
Structuring Global Spacep. 51
Achieving Sustainable Development at Different Levelsp. 57
Sustainable Development in Open Economiesp. 60
Interaction between Different Spatial Levelsp. 72
Conclusionp. 83
Linking the Local to the Global: Can Sustainable Development Work in Practice?p. 85
Introductionp. 85
Approaches to Developmentp. 86
Can Local Action Substitute for Ineffective State Institutions?p. 88
The Political Limits of Local Actionp. 89
National Constraints on Participation in Sri Lankap. 90
Institutional Change and Community Forestry in Nepalp. 92
Conclusionp. 96
Forecasting Urban Futures: A Systems Analytical Perspective on the Development of Sustainable Urban Regionsp. 99
Introductionp. 99
Impacts of Urban Developmentp. 100
The Complexity of Urban Sustainabilityp. 105
A Systems Perspective: Urban Modelling and Sustainability Assessmentp. 110
Models of Sustainable and Urban Developmentp. 116
The Quantifiable City Programme: Sustainable Urban Development Modelling in Practicep. 119
Problems and Prospects for Urban Sustainability Modellingp. 123
Conclusionp. 126
Making Cities More Sustainable: People, Plans and Participationp. 128
Introductionp. 128
Continuity and Change in Urban Problemsp. 129
Outlining Sustainable Urban Developmentp. 132
Planning for Urban Sustainabilityp. 136
People as Planners: Participation in the Search for Sustainable Urban Developmentp. 143
Urban Challenges in the Developing Worldp. 146
Communicating Good Practicep. 151
Making the Local Universal: A Concluding Reflectionp. 152
Business, Capital and Sustainable Economic Developmentp. 156
Introductionp. 156
Business and the Environmentp. 157
Sustainable Economic Development as Eco-efficiencyp. 159
Too Good To Be True: Are Win-Win Arguments Sustainable?p. 166
A Space for Sustainable Development?p. 171
Conclusionp. 177
Sustainable Agriculture for the 21st Centuryp. 179
Introductionp. 179
Modern Agriculture: Reviewing the Accountp. 179
Sustainable Farming: Different Places, Different Solutionsp. 186
Greater Resource Efficiencyp. 187
Redistributing Resourcesp. 199
Conclusion: Sustainable Futuresp. 204
Sustaining the Flow: Japanese Waterways and New Paradigms of Developmentp. 207
Introductionp. 207
21st-Century Japan: Poised for Sustainable Development?p. 207
Past Imperfectp. 208
River Management: The Contextp. 211
Technocentric River Planning and the Ministry of Constructionp. 215
Reassessing the Role of Riversp. 217
From Words to Deedsp. 220
Problems Behind the Projects: Environmental Quality and Participationp. 224
Conclusion: Points of Ideological Cleavagep. 227
Sustainable Futures for the Arctic Northp. 230
Introductionp. 230
Varieties of Developmentp. 231
Unsustainable Development: Past Practice and Conflict over Renewable and Non-renewable Resourcesp. 232
Sustainable Development in Principlep. 236
Moves Towards More Sustainable Development: The North American Experiencep. 239
Lessons for the Russian Arcticp. 244
International Initiatives to Promote More Sustainable Developmentp. 246
Conclusionp. 248
Climate Change, Energy and Sustainable Developmentp. 250
Introductionp. 250
Climate Change: A Threat to Sustainable Development?p. 251
Adaptation to Current and Future Climate Regimesp. 255
Mitigating Climate Changep. 257
The Wider Context of Sustainable Developmentp. 261
Scales of Change: Theory and Practicep. 267
Conclusionp. 276
Sustainable Development and International Relationsp. 279
Introductionp. 279
The World as Viewed by International Relations Theoriesp. 281
Climate Change: The Predominance of an Isolated Globalist Discoursep. 284
Discourses in Conflict at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Developmentp. 293
Modifying Existing International Institutionsp. 301
Conclusionp. 310
Future Perspectives: Developing Sustainable Developmentp. 313
Introductionp. 313
Reflecting upon Existing Strategiesp. 313
A Necessary Critiquep. 317
Consensus and Contestp. 321
The Challenge of Sustainable Developmentp. 322
Sustainable Development and Societal Changep. 327
A More Pragmatic Responsep. 331
The Limitations of Current Theoriesp. 336
Referencesp. 340
Indexp. 388
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781853834721
ISBN-10: 1853834726
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 4001
Published: 8th January 2004
Publisher: EARTHSCAN
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 17.15  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.7
Edition Number: 1