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Explorations in Giftedness - Robert J. Sternberg

Hardcover Published: 30th September 2010
ISBN: 9780521518543
Number Of Pages: 318

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This book is a scholarly overview of the modern concepts, definitions, and theories of intellectual giftedness, and of past and current developments in the field of gifted education. The authors consider, in some detail, the roles of intelligence, creativity, and wisdom in giftedness and the interaction between culture and giftedness, as well as how giftedness can be understood in terms of a construct of developing expertise. The authors also review and discuss a set of key studies that address the issues of identification and education of children with intellectual gifts. This volume may be used as a summary overview of the field for educators, psychologists, social workers, and other professionals who serve intellectually gifted children and their families.

Industry Reviews

"Explorations in Giftedness is a masterful survey of the fundamental issues in gifted education - from questions of definition and measurement to the issues of providing appropriate teaching for the development of successful intelligence. The authors have tackled the difficult questions posed in the field by providing the contextual and historical perspectives offered by other theorists, presenting a well-integrated theory of giftedness, synthesizing the vast research base of their studies, and then extending their theory and the findings of the research studies to practical application. Researchers, scholars, and practitioners in gifted education will all find value in this well-written and comprehensive work." - Carolyn M. Callahan, University of Virginia
"Explorations in Giftedness presents readers with a concise analysis of essential topics in the field of giftedness and gifted education. The authors tackle thorny issues of why and how we identify and serve children with advanced academic abilities by providing research-based strategies for developing policy and system-wide practice. Anyone wanting to be well grounded in the field and satisfied that the goals of their efforts will lead to generations of ethical contributors and innovators on the part of gifted individuals will be well served by this volume." - Rena F. Subotnik, Director, American Psychological Association Center for Psychology in Schools and Education
"....Set in a brief but respectful context describing competing points of view, the authors' work builds primarily on Sternberg's triarchic theory of successful intelligence (i.e., analytic, practical, and creative abilities), and his signature attention to the importance of wisdom, ethical behavior, and cultural context to what constitutes giftedness is manifest. By focusing on giftedness as "developing expertise," the authors integrate disparate views and, in line with their own position, apply analytic, practical, and creative approaches to controversial issues.... Recommended...." -N.M. Robinson, emerita, University of Washington, CHOICE
"...If you are looking for a place where Sternberg's enormous body of work on talent, abilities, intelligence, insight, reasoning, creativity, wisdom, expertise, and giftedness is pulled together into one book, this is the book for you.... provided practical guidance for parents, psychologists, and educators who wish to foster the development of exceptional abilities in all children.... Educators wanting to use the book with their graduate students will want to provide careful guidance, in which case Explorations in Giftedness could happily be used to stimulate discussion of the big questions in the field..." -Dr. Dona Matthews, Hunter College, City University of New York, PsycCRITIQUES

Prefacep. xiii
What Is Giftedness?p. 1
The Pentagonal Theory for Identifying the Giftedp. 2
The Excellence Criterionp. 2
The Rarity Criterionp. 3
The Productivity Criterionp. 4
The Demonstrability Criterionp. 5
The Value Criterionp. 6
Testing the Pentagonal Theoryp. 7
Implications of the Pentagonal Theoryp. 8
Do We Still Need a Label of "Giftedness"?p. 10
Myths about Giftednessp. 11
Theories of Giftednessp. 14
No Conceptionp. 14
IQ and Related Constructsp. 17
IQ Plus Other Qualitiesp. 24
Renzullip. 24
Tannenbaump. 26
Sternberg and Zhangp. 26
Feldhusenp. 27
Haensly, Reynolds, and Nashp. 28
Csikszentmihalyip. 28
Winnerp. 29
Gruberp. 30
Gardnerp. 31
Gagnép. 31
VanTassel-Baskap. 32
WICS as a Model of Giftednessp. 34
Creativityp. 36
Creative Giftedness as a Confluence of Skills and Attitudesp. 36
Types of Creative Ideasp. 39
Intelligencep. 42
Academic Intelligencep. 43
Practical Intelligencep. 44
Relative Importance of Different Aspects of Intelligence and Creativity Over Timep. 45
Wisdomp. 50
Synthesisp. 52
Intelligence and Giftednessp. 54
Implicit Theories of Intelligencep. 54
Intelligence Testingp. 56
Historyp. 56
Major Intelligence Scalesp. 57
Psychometric Approaches to Intelligencep. 58
Spearman: Theory of gp. 58
Thurstone: Primary Mental Abilitiesp. 59
Guilford: Structure of Intellectp. 60
Cattell, Vernon, and Carroll: Hierarchical Modelsp. 61
A Famous Application of the Psychometric Modelp. 62
Cognitive Approaches to Intelligencep. 62
Inspection Timep. 63
Choice Reaction Timep. 63
Lexical Access Speed and Speed of Simultaneous Processingp. 64
Working Memoryp. 66
The Componential Theory and Complex Problem Solvingp. 67
Biological Approaches to Intelligencep. 68
Brain Sizep. 69
Speed of Neural Conductionp. 69
Positron Emission Tomography and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imagingp. 70
Evolutionary Theoryp. 71
Contextual Approaches to Intelligencep. 71
Systems Approaches to Intelligencep. 74
Gardner: Multiple Intelligencesp. 74
Sternberg: The Triarchic Theory of Successful Intelligencep. 75
True Intelligencep. 76
The Bioecological Model of Intelligencep. 77
Improving Intelligencep. 77
Creativity and Giftednessp. 82
Mystical Approaches to the Study of Creativityp. 84
Pragmatic Approachesp. 84
The Psychodynamic Approachp. 86
Psychometric Approachesp. 87
Cognitive Approachesp. 90
Social-Personality and Social-Cognitive Approachesp. 93
Evolutionary Approaches to Creativityp. 94
Confluence Approaches to the Study of Creativityp. 95
Alternate Approaches to Understanding Kinds of Creative Contributionsp. 98
Wisdom and Giftednessp. 102
What Is Wisdom?p. 103
Philosophical Approachesp. 103
Implicit-Theoretical Approachesp. 104
Explicit-Theoretical Approachesp. 106
Generalized Views of the Relationship Between Wisdom and Agep. 110
Implicit Theoriesp. 111
Implicit Theories of Wisdom and Age?p. 111
Explicit Theoriesp. 114
When Does Wisdom First Develop?p. 114
What Is the Trajectory of Wisdom Throughout the Adult Life Span?p. 116
Is Wisdom Beneficial?p. 118
Ethical Giftednessp. 120
A Multiphase Model for Ethical Behaviorp. 121
Is There an Ethical Giftedness?p. 127
The Role of Wisdomp. 129
Giftedness as Developing Expertisep. 131
The Specifics of the Developing Expertise modelp. 134
Elements of the Modelp. 134
Interactions of Elementsp. 137
The g Factor and the Structure of Abilitiesp. 137
Taking Testsp. 141
Giftedness and Culturep. 144
What Is Culture?p. 145
What Is Intelligence Across Cultures?p. 145
What Is Giftedness Across Cultures?p. 151
Models of the Relationship of Culture to Intelligencep. 152
Studies of Intelligence and Giftedness in Their Cultural Contextsp. 155
Children May Develop Contextually Important Skills at the Expense of Academic Onesp. 158
Children May Have Substantial Practical Skills That Go Unrecognized in Academic Testsp. 161
Practical Intellectual Skills May Be Better Predictors of Health Than Acadamic Onesp. 161
Physical Health May Moderate Performance on Assessmentsp. 162
Dynamic Testing May Reveal Cognitive Skills Not Revealed by Static Testingp. 163
Culture-Fair and Culture-Relevant Testingp. 165
Conclusionp. 166
Learning Disabilities, Giftedness, and Gifted/LDp. 168
Understanding Giftedness, Learning Disabilities, and Gifted-LD in Terms of the Model of Giftedness as Developing Expertisep. 169
Strengths of Gifted Students with Learning Disabilitiesp. 172
Doing Betterp. 173
Identifying the Giftedp. 177
Standardized Testsp. 177
Types of Standardized Testsp. 179
Assessing Test Qualityp. 185
Statistical Concepts Underlying Test Scoresp. 191
Types of Scoresp. 191
Let's Be a Bit More Precisep. 192
Issues and Concerns in Standardized Testingp. 194
Test Biasp. 194
The Rainbow Projectp. 196
Methodological Considerationsp. 197
Findingsp. 200
The Kaleidoscope Projectp. 203
The Aurora Projectp. 206
Limitationsp. 209
Educating the Giftedp. 213
Teaching and Assessing the Gifted for WICSp. 213
Potential Objections to Teaching for Successful Intelligence with Repliesp. 221
Some Instructional Datap. 224
Aptitude-Treatment Interaction Studyp. 225
Social Studies and Science Studyp. 226
Reading Studyp. 227
Study on Teaching for Successful Intelligence in Language Arts, Mathematics, and Science in Grade 4p. 227
Why Teaching for Successful Intelligence Worksp. 229
Teaching for Wisdomp. 230
The Role of Wisdom in Education and Societyp. 230
Implications of Teaching for Wisdomp. 233
Referencesp. 237
Indexp. 283
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521518543
ISBN-10: 0521518547
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 318
Published: 30th September 2010
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.57

Earn 302 Qantas Points
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