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Explaining Behavior : Reasons in a World of Causes - Fred I. Dretske

Explaining Behavior

Reasons in a World of Causes

Paperback Published: 5th February 1991
ISBN: 9780262540612
Number Of Pages: 180
For Ages: 18+ years old

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Why do human beings move? In this lucid portrayal of human behavior, Fred Dretske provides an original account of the way reasons function in the causal explanation of behavior. Biological science investigates what makes our bodies move in the way they do. Psychology is interested in why persons - agents with reasons -move in the way they do. Dretske attempts to reconcile these different points of view by showing how reasons operate in a world of causes. He reveals in detail how the character of our inner states - what we believe, desire, and intend - determines what we do.Fred Dretske is Professor of Philosophy at Stanford University.

"[An] important book, as intelligent and challenging as readers of Fred Dretske's earlier works will expect... Dretske is well-informed in cognitive science, evolutionary biology and animal behavior, and one of the pleasures of his book is the range of examples which inform the arguments... His careful, nontechnical presentation will be a focus for discussion in the philosophy of mind." Christopher Hookway , Times Higher Education Supplement "The problem addressed by Dretske of the relation between national and physical explanations of human action has become one of the principal problems in the philosophy of mind and of psychology, and it will be how the classic mind-body problem is going to be debated in the next decade." Professor Jaegwon Kim , Chairman, Department of Philosophy, Brown University

Preface
The Structure of Behavior
Internal and External Causes
Action and Behavior
Plant and Machine Behavior
Movements and Movings
The Primary Cause of Change
Facets of Behavior
Behavior as Process
Processes
Causes and Effects of Behavior
Causes of Plant and Machine Behavior
Representational Systems
Conventional Systems of Representation: Type I
Natural Signs and Information
Conventional Systems of Representation: Type II
Natural Systems of Representation
Intentionality: Misrepresentation7
Intentionality: Reference and Sense
Summary
The Explanatory Role of Belief
The Causal Role of Meaning
Why Machines Behave the Way They Do
Explaining Instinctive Behavior
Putting Information to Work: Learning
Motivation and Desire
Goal-Directed Behavior
Goal-Intended Behavior
Drives and Desires
The Intentionality of Desire
The Plasticity of Purposeful Behavior
The Interactive Nature of Reasons
Choice, Preference, and Decision
New Means to Old Ends
New Ends
Cognitive Holism
Bibliography
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262540612
ISBN-10: 0262540614
Series: Bradford Books
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 180
Published: 5th February 1991
Publisher: MIT Press Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.3
Edition Type: New edition