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Experimental Slips and Human Error : Exploring the Architecture of Volition - Bernard J. Baars

Experimental Slips and Human Error

Exploring the Architecture of Volition

By: Bernard J. Baars (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th November 1992
ISBN: 9780306438660
Number Of Pages: 346

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Whereas most humans spend their time trying to get things right, psycholo­ gists are perversely dedicated to error. Errors are extensively used to in­ vestigate perception, memory, and performance; some clinicians study errors like tea leaves for clues to unconscious motives; and this volume presents the work of researchers who, in an excess of perversity, actually cause people to make predictable errors in speech and action. Some reasons for this oddity are clear. Errors seem to stand at the nexus of many deep-psychological questions. The very concept of error presupposes a goal or criterion by comparison to which an error is an error; and goals bring in the foundation issues of control, motivation, and volition (Baars, 1987, 1988; Wiener, 1961). Errors serve to measure the quality of performance in learning, in expert knowledge, and in brain damage and other dysfunctional states; and by surprising us, they often call attention to phenomena we might otherwise take for granted. Errors also seem to reveal the "natural joints" in perception, language, memory, and problem solving-revealing units that may otherwise be invisible (e. g. , MacKay, 1981; Miller, 1956; Newell & Simon, 1972; Treisman & Gelade, 1980).

Introduction
The Many Uses of Error
Theoretical Approaches: Errors, Ambiguity, and Awareness in Language Perception and Production
Cognitive Underspecifications
A New Ideomotor Theory of Voluntary Control
Methods for Inducing Predictable Slips in Speech and Action: A Dozen Competing-Plans Techniques for Inducing Predictable Slips in Speech and Action
Laboratory Induction of Non-Speech Action Errors
Findings and Theory Derived from Induced Slips: Errors in Inner Speech
Error-Minimizing Mechanisms
Some Caveats on Testing the Freudian Slip Hypothesis
Commentary: The Psychology of Slips
4 additional articles
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306438660
ISBN-10: 0306438666
Series: Cognition and Language: A Series in Psycholinguistics
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 346
Published: 30th November 1992
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 1.54