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Exercise, Health and Mental Health : Emerging Relationships - Guy E.J. Faulkner

Exercise, Health and Mental Health

Emerging Relationships

By: Guy E.J. Faulkner (Editor), Adrian H. Taylor (Editor)

Paperback

Published: 19th December 2005
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Exercise, Health and Mental Health provides an introduction to this emerging field and a platform for future research and practice. Written by internationally acclaimed exercise, health and medical scientists, it is the first systematic review of the evidence for the potential role of exercise in:


  • treating and managing mental health problems including dementia, schizophrenia, drug and alcohol dependence

  • coping with chronic clinical conditions including cancer, heart disease and HIV/AIDS

  • enhancing well-being in the general population - by improving sleep, assisting in smoking cessation, and as a way of addressing broader social issues such as anti-social behaviour.

Adopting a consistent and accessible format, the research findings for each topic are clearly summarized and critically examined for their implications.

'It's gratifying to see interest in these important areas mature, and it's about time that someone accumulated the evidence in a way that can help guide practitioners and researchers alike. Well done.' - Rod K. Dishman, University of Georgia, USA 'It is the emerging relationships which characterise this book. The editors' decision to break new ground is richly rewarded.' - The Sport and Exercise Scientist '... moves our knowledge beyond just a broad and superficial understanding. The editors have clearly affirmed the role that physical activity ... can play in enhancing individual and societal well being.' - Sport & Exercise Psychology Review 'Students will find this book stimulating in terms of developing research ideas and as a model for presenting data.' - Liz Cort, Nurse Researcher, Nursing Standard

List of figuresp. x
List of tablesp. xi
Notes on contributorsp. xii
Acknowledgmentsp. xvi
Forewordp. xvii
Forewordp. xviii
Exercise and mental health promotionp. 1
What is mental health promotion?p. 1
The evidencep. 4
Quasi-experimental and pre-experimental designsp. 6
Qualitative researchp. 6
Purpose of the bookp. 7
Referencesp. 9
Physical activity and dementiap. 11
Dementiap. 11
Definitionsp. 12
Prevalence and incidence of dementiap. 13
Methodp. 13
Case-control and cross-sectional studiesp. 14
Summaryp. 15
Cohort studiesp. 16
Summaryp. 19
Potential mechanismsp. 20
Summaryp. 21
Implications for researchers and practitionersp. 21
What we know summaryp. 22
What we need to know summaryp. 22
Referencesp. 23
Exercise as an adjunct treatment for schizophreniap. 27
Schizophreniap. 27
The case for physical activity/exercisep. 28
Methodp. 30
Resultsp. 30
Discussionp. 37
Implications for researchersp. 39
Implications for the health professional and health service deliveryp. 40
What we know summaryp. 41
What we need to know summaryp. 42
Referencesp. 42
Exercise interventions in drug and alcohol rehabilitationp. 48
Prevalence, mortality, and morbidityp. 48
Treatmentp. 50
Potential mechanisms of exercisep. 50
The evidence for exercisep. 51
Summary of studiesp. 51
Effects on alcohol and substance misusep. 57
Role of fitnessp. 58
Effects on psychological measuresp. 60
What we know summaryp. 63
What we need to know summaryp. 63
Referencesp. 65
The role of exercise in recovery from heart failurep. 70
What is heart failure?p. 71
Prevalence, mortality, and morbidityp. 71
The case for exercisep. 72
Measuring QOL in CHF patientsp. 73
CHF and psychological healthp. 74
Methodp. 75
Review of evidencep. 75
Quality of lifep. 80
Review of mechanismsp. 84
Implications for the researcherp. 86
Implications for the health professional and health service deliveryp. 87
What we know summaryp. 88
What we need to know summaryp. 88
Referencesp. 89
Exercise and psychological well-being for individuals with Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndromep. 97
HIV and AIDSp. 97
Neuropsychoimmunology modelp. 98
Methodp. 99
The case for physical activity/exercise in HIVp. 105
Summary of findings from exercise studiesp. 108
Implications for the researcherp. 109
Implications for the exercise practitionerp. 109
Implications for the health analyst and policy makerp. 110
What we know summaryp. 110
What we need to know summaryp. 111
Referencesp. 111
Exercise and quality of life in cancer survivorsp. 114
Pathophysiology of cancerp. 115
Epidemiology of cancerp. 115
Medical treatments for cancerp. 116
QOL in cancer survivorsp. 118
Current interventions to enhance QOL in cancer survivorsp. 119
Exercise and QOL in cancer survivorsp. 120
Recent researchp. 123
Mechanisms of enhanced QOL from exercise in cancer survivorsp. 123
Future research directionsp. 128
Implications for practitionersp. 130
What we know summaryp. 131
What we need to know summaryp. 131
Referencesp. 132
Effects of exercise on smoking cessation and coping with withdrawal symptoms and nicotine cravingsp. 135
Do exercise interventions increase the likelihood of successful quit attempts?p. 137
How may the study and intervention characteristics have influenced the findings?p. 139
How may exercise interventions work?p. 145
Does a single session of aerobic exercise reduce urges to smoke and tobacco withdrawal symptoms, during temporary abstinence?p. 146
Does involvement in sport and exercise reduce the likelihood of progression to smoking?p. 150
What we know summaryp. 152
What we need to know summaryp. 152
Referencesp. 153
Exercise and sleepp. 159
Structured reviewp. 160
Epidemiological studiesp. 161
Acute exercise studiesp. 164
Factors moderating acute effectsp. 168
Influence of acute exercise on daytime sleepinessp. 170
Chronic studiesp. 170
What we know summaryp. 180
What we need to know summaryp. 180
Appendixp. 180
Referencesp. 183
Sport, social inclusion, and crime reductionp. 190
Sport and social inclusion: new Labour and the Third Wayp. 190
Sports and their presumed propertiesp. 192
The diversity of sportp. 193
Necessary and sufficient conditionsp. 194
Sport and crimep. 195
Diversionary programs and the prevention of crimep. 197
Sport and the rehabilitation of offendersp. 200
Sport, integrated development, and reducing crimep. 202
Implications for researchersp. 203
Implications for policy and practicep. 205
What we know summaryp. 205
What we need to know summaryp. 206
Referencesp. 206
From emerging relationships to the future role of exercise in mental health promotionp. 210
Summary of research findingsp. 211
Dementia: what we know summaryp. 211
Schizophrenia: what we know summaryp. 212
Drug and alcohol rehabilitation: what we know summaryp. 212
Congestive heart failure: what we know summaryp. 213
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS): what we know summaryp. 214
Cancer: what we know summaryp. 215
Smoking cessation: what we know summaryp. 216
Sleep: what we know summaryp. 217
Sport and social inclusion: what we know summaryp. 218
Limitations of the researchp. 218
Measurementp. 220
Populationsp. 221
Research designp. 221
Taking the field forwardp. 224
Efficacy versus effectivenessp. 225
Closing commentp. 226
Referencesp. 226
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415334310
ISBN-10: 0415334314
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 233
Published: 19th December 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.54 x 17.02  x 1.52
Weight (kg): 0.46
Edition Number: 1