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Evolutionary Perspectives on Environmental Problems : Aldine De Gruyer - Iver Mysterud

Evolutionary Perspectives on Environmental Problems

Aldine De Gruyer

By: Iver Mysterud (Editor)

Paperback

Published: 1st November 2005
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The twenty-first century presents an increasing number of environmental problems, including toxic pollution, global warming, destruction of tropical forests, extinction of biological diversity, and depletion of natural resources. These environmental problems are generally due to human behavior, namely over-consumption of resources and overpopulation. Designing effective policies to address these problems requires a deep understanding of human behavior as well as ecology. This in turn requires considerations of human nature, and the evolutionary "design" of the human mind.

Evolutionary research on human behavior has profound implications for the environmental sciences. The aim of this collection is to bring together a variety of chapters that show how and why. Part 1, "Human Nature and Resource Conservation," addresses environmental problems from different evolutionary perspectives. Part 2, "The Ecological Noble Savage Hypothesis," examines the notion that our environmental problems are due to Western culture, and that our ancestors and people in indigenous societies lived in harmony with nature until the corrupting influences of Western culture. Part 3, "The Tragedy of the Commons," explores the conservation of common-pool or open-access natural resources, such as fisheries, forests, grazing lands, freshwater, and clean air. Part 4, "The Evolution of Discounting and Conspicuous Consumption," looks at the problem of explaining why people are so ecologically short-sighted and why people in developed countries consume so many resources. Part 5, "Overpopulation and Fertility Declines," addresses the evolution of human reproductive decisions. Part 6, "Biophilia," aims to explain why people cherish nature as well as destroy it.

The goal of this volume is to introduce environmental thinkers to evolutionary perspectives on human behavior, and the new interdisciplinary sciences of evolutionary psychology and behavioral ecology. This reader aims to help bridge the artificial division between the biological and social sciences, and provide a synthesis between evolutionary sciences of human behavior and environmental sciences.

Dustin J. Penn is director, Konrad Lorenz Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna. Iver Mysterud is biologist and researcher at the Department of Biology, University of Oslo, Norway.

""Evolutionary Perspectives on Environmental Problems" describes a range of research taking an evolutionary perspective on the crucial and timely problem of environmental degradation.They also illustrate both the power and weaknesses of evolutionary reasoning." -- Robert Boyd, Department of Anthropology, University of California


""Evolutionary Perspectives on Environmental Problems" describes a range of research taking an evolutionary perspective on the crucial and timely problem of environmental degradationThey also illustrate both the power and weaknesses of evolutionary reasoning."
--Robert Boyd, "Trends in Ecology and Evolution"

"Evolutionary Perspectives on Environmental Problems describes a range of research taking an evolutionary perspective on the crucial and timely problem of environmental degradation.They also illustrate both the power and weaknesses of evolutionary reasoning." -- Robert Boyd, Department of Anthropology, University of California


"Evolutionary Perspectives on Environmental Problems describes a range of research taking an evolutionary perspective on the crucial and timely problem of environmental degradationThey also illustrate both the power and weaknesses of evolutionary reasoning."
--Robert Boyd, Trends in Ecology and Evolution

-Evolutionary Perspectives on Environmental Problems describes a range of research taking an evolutionary perspective on the crucial and timely problem of environmental degradation.They also illustrate both the power and weaknesses of evolutionary reasoning.- -- Robert Boyd, Department of Anthropology, University of California


-Evolutionary Perspectives on Environmental Problems describes a range of research taking an evolutionary perspective on the crucial and timely problem of environmental degradationThey also illustrate both the power and weaknesses of evolutionary reasoning.-
--Robert Boyd, Trends in Ecology and Evolution

Acknowledgementsp. xi
Forewordp. xiii
Introduction: The Evolutionary Roots of Our Ecological Crisisp. 1
Human Nature and Resource Conservation
Human Behavioural Ecology and Conservationp. 9
The Evolved Psychological Apparatus of Human Decision-Making is One Source of Environmental Problemsp. 31
The Ecological Noble Savage Hypothesis
Game Conservation or Efficient Hunting?p. 53
Behavioral Ecology of Conservation in Traditional Societiesp. 67
Evolutionary Ecology and Resource Conservationp. 81
The Tragedy of the Commons
The Tragedy of the Unmanaged Commonsp. 105
Closing the Commons: Cooperation for Gain or Restraint?p. 109
Revisiting the Commons: Local Lessons, Global Challengesp. 129
Grassland Conservation and the Pastoralist Commonsp. 141
The Evolution of Discounting and Conspicuous Consumption
Conserving Resources for Childrenp. 157
Two Truths about Discounting and Their Environmental Consequencesp. 165
Sex Differences in Valuations of the Environment?p. 169
The Evolutionary of Magnanimity: When is It Better to Give than to Receive?p. 183
Overpopulation and Fertility Declines
Evolutionary Economics of Human Reproductionp. 201
More Status or More Children? Social Status, Fertility Reduction, and Long-Term Fitnessp. 219
The Demographic Transition: Are We Any Closer to an Evolutionary Explanation?p. 237
Biophilia
Biophilia and the Conservation Ethicp. 249
Human Behavioral Ecology: 140 Years without Darwin is Too Longp. 259
Conclusion: Integrating the Biological and Social Sciences to Address Environmental Problemsp. 281
Referencesp. 297
Contributorsp. 343
Author Indexp. 347
Subject Indexp. 357
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780202307558
ISBN-10: 0202307557
Series: Aldine De Gruyer
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 378
Published: 1st November 2005
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.41
Weight (kg): 0.57