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Evolutionary Instability : Logical and Material Aspects of a Unified Theory of Biosocial Evolution - Gebhard Geiger

Evolutionary Instability : Logical and Material Aspects of a Unified Theory of Biosocial Evolution

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The recent sociobiology debate has raised fundamental and previously unresolved conceptual problems. Evolutionary Instability - Logical and Material Aspects of a Unified Theory of Biosocial Evolution - offers ap- proaches for their solution. The scientific applications comprise the dynamics and evolutionary instability of hierarchically organized systems, especially systems of interacting behavioural phenotypes in animals and man. The technical apparatus is thoroughly explained in intuitive terms within the text, and illustrated by numerous familiar examples and graphical representations, supplemented by an informal summary and discussion. The analyses offer new theoretical perspectives to such diverse fields as philosophy of science, evolutionary biology, general system theory and sociology.

I Introduction.- One Structure and Evolution of Hierarchical Systems.- II On Emergent Structures, Truisms and Fallacies.- 1 Structure and Complexity of Evolving Systems.- 1.1 Examples.- 1.2 Basic Definitions.- 1.3 Informal Summary.- 2 Basic Problems of the Evolution of Matter.- 3 Holism Versus Reductionism.- 3.1 Reduction of Theroies.- 3.2 Lower-Level Representations.- 3.3 Cross-Level Deterministic Effects.- 3.4 Holism Reconsidered.- 3.5 Informal Statement of Results.- 4 The Paradox of Emergent Evolution.- 4.1 Emergent Evolution: A Crude Misconception.- 4.2 A Note on Stochastic Evolutionary Theories.- III The Concept of Unified Theory.- 1 Synthesis Versus Reduction of Theories.- 2 Synthesis of Theories Through Parametrisation of Laws.- 2.1 Parametrisation of Laws.- 2.2 Synthesis of Theories.- 2.3 Informal Summary.- 3 The Central Representation Theorem.- 3.1 The Meaning and Significance of the Theorem: An Informal Resume.- 4 State-Determined Hierarchical Systems.- 4.1 Parameter Families of Systems.- 4.2 Unified System Theories.- 4.3 State-Determined Hierarchies.- 4.4 Evolutionary Processes.- 4.5 Informal Summary and Discussion.- 5 Pointless Scientific Controversies.- 5.1 Cross-Level Similarity of Structures.- 5.2. Cultural Systems as "Emergent Wholes".- 5.3 System Simulation.- 5.4 The Problem of Similarity in Comparative Ethology.- 5.5 Darwinism Versus Mendelism.- Appendix: Examples.- 1 Interacting Biological Populations.- 1.1 Dynamical Systems.- 1.2 Interacting Populations as Coupled Systems.- 1.3 The Associate Parameter Family.- 1.4 State Determinacy and Hierarchical Evolution.- Two The Evolution of Social Structure.- IV Perspectives on Non-Adaptive Evolution.- 1 Is Sociobiology Reductionist?.- 1.1 Complexities of Social Interaction.- 1.2 Sociobiology: Merits and Limits.- 1.3 The Quest for Alternatives.- 1.4 An Approach to Non-Adaptive Change.- 2 The Concepts of Structural and Evolutionary Instability.- 2.1 The Meaning of Structural Instability.- 2.2 Structurally Stable and Unstable Games.- 2.3 Informal Summary and Discussion.- V Structural Instability in Evolutionary Population Biology.- 1 Sociobiology and the Structural Instability of Behaviour Patterns.- 1.1 Sources of Evolutionary Change.- 1.2 A Dynamical Approach to Biosocial Genetics.- 1.3 Asymptotically Stable Equilibria.- 1.4 Favourable Mutations.- 1.5 Application to Inclusive-Fitness Theory.- 1.6 Applications to Insect Social Structure.- 1.7 Evolutionary Instability in Secular Time Scales.- 1.8 Informal Summary and Conclusion.- 2 Structural Instability in Population Dynamics.- 2.1 Population Interactions in Secular Time Scales.- 2.2 Low-Dimensional Examples.- 2.3 The Adaptive Topography Reconstructed.- 2.4 Informal Summary and Discussion.- 3 Dynamics and Structural Change in Biocultural Coevolution.- 3.1 The Basic Equations.- 3.2 The Concept of Cultural Capacity.- 3.3 The Impact of Learning on Biocultural Evolution.- 3.4 The Expiration of the Coevolutionary Circuit.- 3.5 Summary and Conclusions.- VI Applications to Human Social Structure.- 1 The Anthropological Significance of Evolutionary Stability and Instability.- 2 Political Power as an Evolutionary Structure.- 2.1 Evolution of Hierarchical Complexity.- 2.2 Stability of Social Structure.- 2.3 Biobehavioural Bases of Influence and Power.- 2.4 Political Power.- 2.5 Summary and Discussion.- 3 On the Evolution of Complex, Political Society.- 3.1 The Evolutionary Conceptual Framework.- 3.2 Biobehavioural Bases of Sociocultural Complexity.- 3.3 From Rites to Sanctions.- 3.4 Summary.- VII Concluding Remarks.- References.- List of Symbols.

ISBN: 9783540518082
ISBN-10: 3540518088
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 167
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 0.97
Weight (kg): 0.26