Written by a leading expert, this book is the definitive guide to the evolution of the far right - in all its guises - from the end of World War 2 onwards. Beginning with several chapters outlining the key components of Italian Fascism, German Nazism and the historical movements inspired by them, the book then delineates how the far right has developed in Europe from 1945 to the 21st Century. Drawing on a broad range of geographic examples, the book provides a detailed comparative picture of the far right in terms of ideology, party organisation, leadership, electoral support, racism, violence, propaganda and social media.
Introduction Part 1: Fascism in the Inter-War Era 1. Universal Fascism 2. Fascism as a Syncretic Ideology 3. The Nature of Fascism 4. Was Fascism a 'Political Religion'? 5. Theorising the Rise of Fascism Part 2: The Contemporary Extreme Right 6. Neither 'Extreme' nor 'Right'? 7. Is there a New 'Clerical Fascism? 8. Theories of Extreme Right Support 9. The Rebirth of Right-Wing Charisma 10. From Street Fascism to Cyber Fascism 11. Holocaust Denial and the Continuing Appeal of Anti-Semitism 12. Whither Fascism in the 21st Century?