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Events and Plurality : The Jerusalem Lectures - Fred Landman

Events and Plurality

The Jerusalem Lectures

Paperback Published: 30th November 2001
ISBN: 9780792365693
Number Of Pages: 381

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The main claim of this book is that the very same distinction between semantic singularity and plurality that is fundamental to the semantics of nouns in the nominal domain is operative and fundamental in the verbal domain as well, applying to verbs and verbal arguments roles.
It is argued that collective interpretations of verbal arguments involve semantically singular argument roles, and that a large variety of other interpretations discussed in the literature - most importantly distributive and cumulative interpretations - can be reduced to semantic plurality.
The book consists of three parts. The first part discusses Davidsonian and neo-Davidsonian event analyses of verbs and verbal roles. The second part discusses theories of semantic plurality, focussing on the analysis of collective, distributive, and cumulative readings. The third part develops a neo-Davidsonian theory of events and plurality, a theory of event-maximalization, and a theory of scopal relations, basing both the nominal and the verbal domain strictly on the semantic singularity/plurality distinction. This part provides a detailed analysis of nominal plurality, verbal plurality, and their interaction, and it is shown how these plurality interactions produce the effects of collective, distributive, cumulative, and related interpretations.
The book will be of interest to theoretical linguists, in particular scholars and advanced students in semantics, or in neighboring fields of syntax, pragmatics, and computational linguistics. It will also be of interest to researchers in philosophy of language, logic, and cognitive science, and to computer scientists with an interest in the semantics of natural language.

Introductionp. vii
Arguments for the Davidsonian Theoryp. 1
The Davidsonian Theoryp. 1
The Modifier Argumentp. 2
Modification of Statesp. 15
Explicit Reference to Eventsp. 17
Explicit Reference to Statesp. 23
Perception Reportsp. 25
The Neo-Davisonian Theory, the Unique Role Requirement and the Language of Eventsp. 31
Finegrainedness and the Unique Role Requirementp. 31
The Formal Theoryp. 41
The Neo-Davidsonian Theory and Its Rivalsp. 56
Passive Sensitive Adverbialsp. 56
Passivesp. 65
Multiple Rolesp. 73
The Argument Extension Alternativep. 84
Scha's Theory of Pluralityp. 96
Plurality Structuresp. 96
Scha's Language of Pluralityp. 101
Scha's Grammarp. 105
Plurality in Scha's Theoryp. 117
The Interpretations of Numerical Noun Phrasesp. 123
The Analysis of Cumulative Readingsp. 129
Distributivity, Collectivity and Cumulativityp. 142
The Language of Pluralityp. 142
Link's Theory of Pluralityp. 145
Distributivity in Landman 1989Ap. 152
Thematic and Non-Thematic Rolesp. 164
Plural Roles, Scope and Event Typesp. 177
The Language of Events and Pluralityp. 177
Collectivity and Distributivityp. 196
Three Theories of Scope and Pluralityp. 199
Cover Readingsp. 210
Maximalization on Event Typesp. 222
Exactly-Implicaturesp. 222
Scalar Triggers and Maximalization Triggersp. 238
The Maximalization Conglomeratep. 254
Local Assertions and Core Implicaturesp. 261
Tracing the Origins of the Ideasp. 267
Maximalization in Mixed Casesp. 273
Defining Upward and Downward Entailingness for Cardinality Relationsp. 278
Maximalization on Argument State Typesp. 281
Maximalization and Scopep. 281
Properties and Argument State Typesp. 283
The Scope Theoryp. 288
Maximalization on Argument State Typesp. 297
Readings Predicted by the Scope Theoryp. 302
Shifting Scopal Relations to Plural Argument State Typesp. 306
Against Binary Quantifiersp. 310
Binary Quantifiers: Some Introductory Methodological Moaningp. 310
Binary Quantifiers Versus Binary Determinersp. 320
Against Binary Determinersp. 323
Branching Quantificationp. 334
Against Branching Quantifiersp. 339
Unary Quantifiers: Some Final Methodological Moaningp. 346
Dependent Event Typesp. 350
Adverbial Distributivityp. 350
Dependency Relationsp. 358
Yellow Pad Problemsp. 366
Referencesp. 369
Indexp. 377
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792365693
ISBN-10: 0792365690
Series: Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy : Book 76
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 381
Published: 30th November 2001
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.72 x 16.15  x 2.08
Weight (kg): 0.6