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Evangelicalism, Penal Theory and the Politics of Criminal Law : Reform in England, 1808-30 - Richard R. Follett

Evangelicalism, Penal Theory and the Politics of Criminal Law

Reform in England, 1808-30

Hardcover Published: 30th November 2000
ISBN: 9780333803882
Number Of Pages: 231

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Following the abolition of the British slave trade in 1807, a group of politicians began to agitate for reform of England's "bloody code" of criminal statutes. Exploring the politics and propaganda of criminal law reform from 1808 to the Whig succession to power in 1830, this study demonstrates how Evangelicalism provided an unexpected foundation for utilitarian as well as religious advocates for penal reforms in an era when conservative leaders resisted every attempt to change the laws.

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'...a comprehensive and eminently readable account of a complex subject...' - Simon Devereaux, Journal of Modern History

List of Abbreviationsp. vii
Preface and Acknowledgementsp. viii
Mitigating the 'Bloody Code': an Introductionp. 1
Of the myth of Bentham and the language of Blackstonep. 4
Of crime, criminal justice and the claims of humanitarian reformp. 10
Of Evangelicals and their impactp. 14
Raising the Hue and Cry, 1808-10p. 21
Getting startedp. 23
Lines are drawnp. 32
The meaning of the debates in 1808 and 1810p. 44
Romilly, Bentham, and Utilityp. 46
Romilly's background and early writingsp. 46
Romilly and Bentham: independent minds in a common causep. 57
Evangelicalism and Penal Law Reformp. 67
Evangelical theology and public lifep. 68
Evangelicals and penal theory: the demands of justice and mercyp. 80
The Evangelical Approach to Criminal Law Reformp. 90
Wilberforce: moral reform to criminal law reformp. 91
Buxton: the growth of commitmentp. 99
Criminal law reform and the middle class reform complexp. 105
The Conservative Resistancep. 109
William Paley and the conservative defense of the lawp. 110
The certainty and the flexibility of the established lawp. 112
The fear of innovationp. 117
A closer look at Eldon and Ellenboroughp. 120
Conclusionp. 123
Mobilizing Opinion, 1811-18p. 125
Parliamentary moves, 1811-18p. 126
The campaign beyond Westminsterp. 133
The promises of 1818p. 145
The Partnership: Mackintosh and Buxton, 1819-22p. 147
Tragedy and new leadershipp. 147
Petitions for changep. 150
The flow of politicsp. 154
The Report of the 1819 Committeep. 160
The politics of implementationp. 165
Consolidation, MItigation and Conclusionsp. 171
Peel takes chargep. 171
Peel's limits and the demand to go beyondp. 174
Evangelicalism and the politics of criminal law reformp. 183
Notesp. 188
Bibliographyp. 215
Indexp. 226
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780333803882
ISBN-10: 0333803884
Series: Studies in Modern History
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 231
Published: 30th November 2000
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.56 x 14.73  x 2.01
Weight (kg): 0.48
Edition Number: 1

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