This is an accessible and wide-ranging account of current research in one of the most central aspects of discourse analysis: evaluation in and of written and spoken language. Evaluation is the broad cover term for the expression of a speaker's - or writer's - attitudes, feelings, and values. It covers areas sometimes referred to as 'stance', 'modality', 'affect', or 'appraisal'. Evaluation (a) expresses the speaker's opinion and thus reflects the value-system of that person and their community; (b) constructs relations between speaker and hearer (or writer and reader); and (c) plays a key role in how discourse is organized. Every act of evaluation expresses and contributes to a communal value-system, which in turn is a component of the ideology that lies behind every written or spoken text. Conceptually, evaluation is comparative, subjective, and value-laden. In linguistic terms it may be analysed lexically, grammatically, and textually. These themes and perspectives are richly exemplified in the chapters of this book, by authors aware and observant of the fact that processes of linguistic analysis are themselves inherently evaluative.
The editors open the book by introducing the field and provide separate, contextual introductions to each chapter. They have also collated the references into one list, itself a valuable research guide. The exemplary perspectives and analyses presented by the authors will be of central interest to everyone concerned with the analysis of discourse, whether as students of language, literature, or communication. They also have much to offer students of politics and culture.
... the volume has an overall coherence as well as an accessible structure ... a valuable resource. Discourse Studies ... a necessary addition to any research library in which functional linguistics, genre studies, corpus linguistics and narratology already take up a greater proportion of the shelf space. Discourse Studies
1: Geoff Thompson and Susan Hunston: Evaluation: An introduction
2: Michael Hoey: Persuasive Rhetoric in Linguistics: A stylistic study of some features of the language of Noam Chomsky
3: Joanna Channell: Corpus-Based Analysis of Evaluative Lexis
4: Susan Conrad and Douglas Biber: Adverbial Marking of Stance in Speech and Writing
5: Susan Hunston and John Sinclair: A Local Grammar of Evaluation
6: Martin Cortazzi and Lixian Jin: Evaluating Evaluation in Narrative
7: Geoff Thompson and Jianglin Zhou: Evaluation and Organization in Text: The structuring role of evaluative disjuncts
8: J. R. Martin: Beyond Exchange: APPRAISAL systems in English
9: Susan Hunston: Evaluation and the Planes of Discourse: Status and value in persuasive texts