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Estuarine Beaches : An introduction to the physical and human factors affecting use and management of beaches in estuaries, lagoons, bays and fjords - Karl F. Nordstrom

Estuarine Beaches

An introduction to the physical and human factors affecting use and management of beaches in estuaries, lagoons, bays and fjords

Hardcover Published: 31st May 1992
ISBN: 9781851667284
Number Of Pages: 226

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The purpose of this book is to supply the background needed to structure research on estuarine beach resources and provide the basis for a program for informed management. The book is a synthesis of data on physical, biological, and human processes.

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
Definitions and locations of estuarine beachesp. 1
Definitionsp. 4
Location of estuarine beachesp. 8
Beaches in urbanized estuariesp. 14
Kiel Fjordp. 14
San Francisco/San Pablo Baysp. 20
Raritan and Delaware Bays, New Jerseyp. 22
Summaryp. 23
Waves, currents, and water level changesp. 25
Characteristics of estuarine wavesp. 27
Wave heightsp. 27
Influence of water levelp. 27
Characteristics of water elevation spectrap. 32
Wave generation and predictionp. 35
Wave refractionp. 37
Ocean wave inputsp. 38
Relative sea level changesp. 40
Longshore currentsp. 42
Storm surgesp. 45
Ship and boat wakesp. 47
Icep. 49
Summaryp. 50
Beach and shoreline characteristicsp. 54
Beach sedimentsp. 54
Sandy beachesp. 54
Gravel beachesp. 58
Depth of the active beachp. 59
Resistant formations in the beach matrixp. 60
Biological effectsp. 62
Vegetationp. 62
Faunap. 63
Beach widthsp. 66
Shoreline orientationp. 67
Longshore transport ratesp. 69
Rates of shoreline changep. 70
Dunesp. 72
Human processes and shoreline alterationsp. 75
Summaryp. 81
Changes in beach morphology and sediment volumesp. 84
The high-energy ocean-beach modelp. 84
Models for meso-tidal estuarine beachesp. 85
Response to high-energy waves on estuarine beachesp. 87
Response to differences in longshore sediment transportp. 89
Likelihood of morphological responsesp. 90
Beaches in developed areasp. 90
Long-term changes in morphology and sediment volumep. 92
Micro-tidal estuarine beachesp. 95
Macro-tidal estuarine beachesp. 97
Gravel Beachesp. 98
Barsp. 100
Multiple shore-parallel barsp. 100
Transverse barsp. 101
Summaryp. 102
Resource values of estuarine beachesp. 105
Ecological valuesp. 105
Human resource valuep. 108
Protective valuesp. 108
Boat launchp. 108
Investment potentialp. 110
Recreationp. 111
Physical advantages of estuarine beachesp. 112
Alterations to enhance recreationp. 114
Importance of accessp. 118
Factors discouraging recreational usep. 120
Priorities for use of recreation beachesp. 123
Summaryp. 125
Shore protection alternativesp. 128
The no-action alternativep. 130
Land use controlp. 131
Static protection structuresp. 134
Construction materialsp. 134
Breakwatersp. 137
Perched beachp. 139
Groinsp. 139
Bulkheads, revetments and seawallsp. 141
Vegetationp. 145
Dunesp. 147
Beach nourishmentp. 147
Summaryp. 153
Management considerationsp. 156
Major federal programsp. 158
The Coastal Zone Management Actp. 158
The Coastal Barrier Resources Actp. 159
The National Flood Insurance Programp. 160
Corps of Engineers activitiesp. 161
Other federal programsp. 162
State management programsp. 163
Waterfront development lawsp. 163
Wetlands and tidelands management actsp. 163
Water quality planning and maintenance programsp. 164
Erosion control setback linesp. 164
Site plan reviews for large-scale developmentsp. 165
Park and recreation programsp. 166
Local governmentsp. 166
Regional authorities and commissionsp. 167
Implications of existing management programsp. 169
Decisions affecting use and development of estuarine beachesp. 171
Determining locations of beachesp. 172
Evaluating beach processesp. 172
Determining beach characteristicsp. 175
Determining the origin of beachesp. 176
Assessing the likelihood of survival of beachesp. 176
Uses or values of existing beachesp. 177
Factors that can enhance the value of estuarine beach resourcesp. 177
Creation of new public estuarine beachesp. 179
Controls to insure maintenance and value of public beachesp. 181
Conflicts between recreational uses and ecological valuesp. 182
Summaryp. 183
Research needsp. 187
Process studiesp. 188
Sediment movement and beach changep. 191
Human induced effectsp. 192
Alternatives for shore protectionp. 192
Resource valuesp. 194
Human valuesp. 194
Ecological valuesp. 195
Conclusionsp. 197
Referencesp. 198
Indexp. 217
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781851667284
ISBN-10: 1851667288
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 226
Published: 31st May 1992
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.9
Weight (kg): 1.19