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Essential Sources in the Scientific Study of Consciousness : A Bradford Book - Bernard J. Baars

Essential Sources in the Scientific Study of Consciousness

A Bradford Book

By: Bernard J. Baars (Editor), William P. Banks (Editor), James B. Newman (Editor)

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Consciousness is at the very core of the human condition. Yet only in recent decades has it become a major focus in the brain and behavioral sciences. Scientists now know that consciousness involves many levels of brain functioning, from brainstem to cortex. The almost seventy articles in this book reflect the breadth and depth of this burgeoning field. The many topics covered include consciousness in vision and inner speech, immediate memory and attention, waking, dreaming, coma, the effects of brain damage, fringe consciousness, hypnosis, and dissociation.Underlying all the selections are the questions, What difference does consciousness make? What are its properties? What role does it play in the nervous system? How do conscious brain functions differ from unconscious ones? The focus of the book is on scientific evidence and theory. The editors have also chosen introductory articles by leading scientists to allow a wide variety of new readers to gain insight into the field.

Industry Reviews

"Baars, Banks, and Newman have assembled the most important scientific work on consciousness of the last few decades, from modern classics to ground-breaking research. There is hardly a pivotal work or central topic not represented in this comprehensive volume. Nobody now working on consciousness will want to be without this splendid collection, both for the work it contains and the balanced, thoughtful overview it affords."--David M. Rosenthal, Philosophy and Cognitive Science, City University of New York, Graduate CenterPlease note: Quote may not be shortened or changed. "This book does not simply serve as an invaluable resource for researchers in cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience, emotion, personality psychology, motivation, perception, social psychology, and related fields--it also defines the new field of social neuroscience in the most effective way, by example. No library should be without this superb collection."--Stephen M. Kosslyn, John Lindsley Professor of Psychology in Memory of William James, Harvard University "Noe and Thompson have assembled the most important modern philosophical classics on visual perception together with some recent cutting-edge philosophical and scientific work. The result is a model of what an anthology should be--at once a fine instructional text and a first-rate research and reference tool."--David M. Rosenthal, Philosophy and Cognitive Science, City University of New York, Graduate CenterPlease note: Note that there should be an umlaut over the e in Noe's name. Thanks. "The revised *Handbook* is an extraordinarily valuable resource for psychologists, neuroscientists, and all others interested in the ways that neuroimaging is illuminating the relation between mind and brain. An enormous amount of ground is covered in these articles, and they provide a systematic review and integration of the field. Students, teachers, and researchers in many fields have a lot to gain from the rich overview of theory and findings in these pages."--Stephen M. Kosslyn, John Lindsley Professor of Psychology in Memory of William James, Harvard University

Prefacep. ix
Sourcesp. xi
Introduction: Treating Consciousness as a Variable: The Fading Taboop. 1
Consciousness: Respectable, Useful, and Probably Necessaryp. 15
Consciousness and Neurosciencep. 35
Consciousness in Vision
Feature Binding, Attention, and Object Perceptionp. 63
Effects of Sleep and Arousal on the Processing of Visual Information in the Catp. 85
The Role of Temporal Cortical Areas in Perceptual Organizationp. 101
Investigating Neural Correlates of Conscious Perception by Frequency-Tagged Neuromagnetic Responsesp. 113
Temporal Binding, Binocular Rivalry, and Consciousnessp. 125
Disconnected Awareness for Detecting, Processing, and Remembering in Neurological Patientsp. 147
Blindsight in Monkeysp. 155
Hemisphere Deconnection and Unity in Conscious Awarenessp. 161
Separate Visual Pathways for Perception and Actionp. 175
Consciousness and Isomorphism: Can the Color Spectrum Really Be Inverted?p. 185
Attention: Selecting One Conscious Stream Among Many
Strategies and Models of Selective Attentionp. 207
Inattentional Blindness versus Inattentional Amnesia for Fixated but Ignored Wordsp. 227
Aspects of a Theory of Comprehension, Memory, and Attentionp. 235
To See or Not to See: The Need for Attention to Perceive Changes in Scenesp. 251
Function of the Thalamic Reticular Complex: The Searchlight Hypothesisp. 263
Selective Attention Gates Visual Processing in the Extrastriate Cortexp. 273
Attention: The Mechanisms of Consciousnessp. 279
Attention, Awareness, and the Triangular Circuitp. 291
Immediate Memory: The Fleeting Conscious Present
The Information Available in Brief Visual Presentationsp. 325
The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Informationp. 357
The Control of Short-Term Memoryp. 373
Verbal and Visual Subsystems of Working Memoryp. 389
The Prefrontal Landscape: Implications of Functional Architecture for Understanding Human Mentation and the Central Executivep. 395
Storage and Executive Processes in the Frontal Lobesp. 409
Consciousness and Cognition May Be Mediated by Multiple Independent Coherent Ensemblesp. 419
Internal Sources: Visual Images, and Inner Speech
Aspects of a Cognitive Neuroscience of Mental Imageryp. 457
The Neural Basis of Mental Imageryp. 469
Experimental Studies of Ongoing Conscious Experiencep. 479
Verbal Reports on Thinkingp. 493
Below the Threshold of Sensory Consciousness
Distinguishing Conscious from Unconscious Perceptual Processesp. 519
The Psychological Unconscious: A Necessary Assumption for All Psychological Theory?p. 541
Brain Stimulation in the Study of Neuronal Functions for Conscious Sensory Experiencesp. 559
Consciousness and Memory
Memory and Consciousnessp. 579
Conscious Recollection and the Human Hippocampal Formation: Evidence from Positron Emission Tomographyp. 593
Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledgep. 603
Attention, Automatism, and Consciousnessp. 631
When Practice Makes Imperfect: Debilitating Effects of Overlearningp. 643
The Neural Correlates of Consciousness: An Analysis of Cognitive Skill Learningp. 655
Availability: A Heuristic for Judging Frequency and Probabilityp. 677
Experiences of Remembering, Knowing, and Guessingp. 697
Measuring Recollection: Strategic versus Automatic Influences of Associative Contextp. 721
Unconscious and "Fringe" Processes
The Conscious "Fringe": Bringing William James Up to Datep. 741
The Fundamental Role of Context: Unconscious Shaping of Conscious Informationp. 761
The Cognitive Unconsciousp. 777
Pain and Dissociation in the Cold Pressor Test: A Study of Hypnotic Analgesia with "Hidden Reports" through Automatic Key Pressing and Automatic Talkingp. 793
Anosognosia in Parietal Lobe Syndromep. 805
Implications for Psychiatry of Left and Right Cerebral Specialization: A Neurophysiological Context for Unconscious Processesp. 831
Consciousness as a State: Waking, Deep Sleep, Coma, Anesthesia, and Dreaming
Brain Stem Reticular Formation and Activation of the EEGp. 859
Anatomical and Physiological Substrates of Arousalp. 881
On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness: An Overviewp. 891
An Information Processing Theory of Anaesthesiap. 901
Toward a Unified Theory of Narcosis: Brain Imaging Evidence for a Thalamocortical Switch as the Neurophysiologic Basis of Anesthetic-Induced Unconsciousnessp. 913
The Relation of Eye Movements during Sleep to Dream Activity: An Objective Method for the Study of Dreamingp. 929
The Brain as a Dream State Generator: An Activation-Synthesis Hypothesis of the Dream Processp. 937
Lucid Dreaming Verified by Volitional Communication during REM Sleepp. 959
Commentary: Of Dreaming and Wakefulnessp. 965
Consciousness and Complexityp. 993
Brain Learning, Attention, and Consciousnessp. 1007
A Global Competitive Network for Attentionp. 1035
Time-Locked Multiregional Retroactivation: A Systems-Level Proposal for the Neural Substrates of Recall and Recognitionp. 1059
Visual Feature Integration and the Temporal Correlation Hypothesisp. 1087
Metaphors of Consciousness and Attention in the Brainp. 1113
How Does a Serial, Integrated, and Very Limited Stream of Consciousness Emerge from a Nervous System That Is Mostly Unconscious, Distributed, Parallel, and of Enormous Capacity?p. 1123
A Neural Global Workspace Model for Conscious Attentionp. 1131
A Software Agent Model of Consciousnessp. 1149
Indexp. 1165
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262523028
ISBN-10: 0262523027
Series: A Bradford Book
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 1206
Published: 29th May 2003
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 17.8  x 4.4
Weight (kg): 1.64