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Essential Health Psychology : Essential Psychology Series - Mark Forshaw

Essential Health Psychology

Essential Psychology Series

Paperback Published: 1st March 2002
ISBN: 9780340759714
Number Of Pages: 248

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This series aims to bridge the gap between simple introductory texts aimed at pre-university students and highter level textbooks for upper level undergraduates. Each volume in the series is designed to provide concise yet up-to-date descriptions of the major areas of psychology for first year undergraduates or students taking psychology as a supplement to other courses of study. The authors, who are acknowledged experts in their field, explain th ebasics carefully without over-simplification, at the Mind-body relationships are the essence of health psychology, and this text takes this relationship as its central focus in exploring and explaining the topic to students. The book presents psychological factors in health and illness causation through the concept of "holism" which posits that health states, health behaviours and cognitions are created by the interaction of other factors or processes within the human condition. This textbook assumes no prior knowledge of psychology, and works though a series of topics and debates towards an understanging of human health and the psycological nature of it. A wide range of health psychology issues are covered, such as pain, stress, health behaviours and communicating with patients, as well as the more unusual but salient topics of palliative care and psychometric testing in a health context. All these areas of investigation are illustrated with examples of real illness states and the psychological contributions to them, including dental health examples.

...Forshaw has done an excellent job in making health psychology interesting and non-threatening for those who have no knowledge of the subject. -- Journal of Reproductive Psychology 20030522

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
Modelsp. 5
Methodsp. 5
The Biology of Health and Illnessp. 7
Introductionp. 7
'Systems'p. 9
The endocrine systemp. 10
The reproductive systemp. 10
The digestive and excretory systemsp. 11
The nervous systemp. 12
The respiratory systemp. 14
The cardiovascular systemp. 15
Biological rhythmsp. 16
The stress responsep. 17
Psychoneuroimmunologyp. 19
Concluding remarksp. 21
Study questionsp. 23
Further readingp. 23
Perceptions, Beliefs and Cognitionsp. 24
Introductionp. 24
Lay modelsp. 24
The Health Belief Model (HBM)p. 26
The Protection Motivation Theory (PMT)p. 30
The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)p. 32
Self-efficacy theoryp. 33
Self-regulatory modelp. 35
When behaviour influences attitudesp. 38
Concluding remarksp. 38
Study questionsp. 39
Further readingp. 39
Differences Between Peoplep. 40
Introductionp. 40
Cultural differencesp. 41
Genderp. 43
Agep. 45
Intelligencep. 45
Disabilityp. 46
Locus of control (LoC)p. 47
Challenges to LoCp. 49
Types A and B personality and hostilityp. 50
Optimism/pessimismp. 51
Anxiety and neuroticismp. 52
Hypochondriasisp. 53
Adherence and compliancep. 55
Individual differences applied to health professionalsp. 56
Concluding remarksp. 57
Study questionsp. 58
Further readingp. 58
Stress and Healthp. 59
Introductionp. 59
Measuring stressp. 60
Coping with stressp. 62
Stress and social supportp. 66
Direct and buffering hypothesesp. 68
Stress and controlp. 70
Hardinessp. 71
Women and stressp. 71
Reducing stressp. 73
Stress in health professionalsp. 75
Concluding remarksp. 78
Study questionsp. 79
Further readingp. 79
The Appetitesp. 80
Introductionp. 80
Eating disordersp. 81
Smokingp. 89
Alcoholp. 94
Illegal drug usep. 97
Sexual healthp. 99
The issue of relapsep. 107
Combining appetitesp. 107
Concluding remarks: self-harmp. 108
Study questionsp. 109
Further readingp. 109
Communication and Behaviourp. 110
Introductionp. 110
Patient-patient communicationp. 111
Professional-patient communicationp. 112
Recall of informationp. 117
Censorshipp. 117
'Challenging' patientsp. 118
Professional-professional communicationp. 119
Communicating with childrenp. 119
Written communicationp. 124
Concluding remarksp. 125
Study questionsp. 125
Further readingp. 126
Psychometrics and the Measurement of Health and Illnessp. 127
Introductionp. 127
Internal reliability (internal consistency)p. 129
Measurement scalesp. 129
Scales and sub-scalesp. 131
Validityp. 132
Reliabilityp. 134
Does 'off the shelf' mean good?p. 135
Using testsp. 136
Concluding remarksp. 136
Study questionsp. 137
Further readingp. 137
Chronic Illness, Palliative Care and Deathp. 138
Introductionp. 138
Chronic illnessp. 139
Palliative carep. 147
Deathp. 154
Reacting to death: griefp. 154
Concluding remarksp. 156
Study questionsp. 157
Further readingp. 157
Screeningp. 158
Introductionp. 158
True positivesp. 160
True negativesp. 161
False positivesp. 162
False negativesp. 163
Dangers of screening and testingp. 164
Non-adherencep. 167
Concluding remarksp. 171
Study questionsp. 171
Further readingp. 172
Mind and Body, Placebo and Painp. 173
Introductionp. 173
Placebo effectsp. 173
Tastes, colours and shapesp. 180
The experience of painp. 182
Concluding remarksp. 192
Study questionsp. 193
Further readingp. 193
Glossaryp. 195
Referencesp. 213
Indexesp. 230
Name Indexp. 230
Subject Indexp. 234
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780340759714
ISBN-10: 0340759712
Series: Essential Psychology Series
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 248
Published: 1st March 2002
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.32
Weight (kg): 0.35
Edition Number: 1