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Escaping the Holocaust : Illegal Immigration to the Land of Israel, 1939-1944 - Dalia Ofer

Escaping the Holocaust

Illegal Immigration to the Land of Israel, 1939-1944

Hardcover Published: 21st February 1991
ISBN: 9780195063400
Number Of Pages: 424

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Illegal Jewish immigration to Palestine prior to the founding of the State of Israel forms one of the most fascinating chapters in the history of Zionism and modern Jewish history. Bringing Jews from Europe to Palestine by land and by sea in defiance of restrictive British immigration policies was partly an undertaking of national rescue and partly a calculated strategy of political brinksmanship. In this compelling analysis, Ofer examines various illegal immigration and rescue efforts organized by the Palestinian Jewish community in both the beginning and latter phases of the war. Making exhaustive use of archival sources, Ofer provides invaluable insight into the struggles of the immigrants, the activists and supporters of the movement, the logistical obstacles, and the political forces working to halt or exploit the flow of refugees.

"Presents the best available account of the Illegal Immigration to Palestine during the years 1939-44."--American Historical Review "A riveting history of Aliya Bet....Ofers important book chronicles this tragic moment in Jewish history and adds to our knowledge of an important but often neglected facet of the Holocaust."--Midstream "An important contribution to the understanding of the role of Aliyah Bet...and the Holocaust. This riveting book...[is] based on an exhaustive study of archival sources in Israel, England, and the US."--Choice "Ofer enriches the debate over the West's moral behavior during the Holocaust by demonstrating that it was utterly unrealistic to expect Germany to cooperate in any sizable exodus of Jews from areas under its control once the Nazis adopted the 'Final Solution' in the spring of 1942"--Middle East Journal "An extensive bibliography, photographs, notes, and and index add to this work's merit, which is an important topic not very well known to most students of the Holocaust."--History: Reviews of New Books

Illegal Immigration before World War IIp. 3
British Policy on Jewish Immigrationp. 4
The Zionist Leadership and Aliyah bet in the Early 1930sp. 7
Hehalutz and Betar: First Attempts at Organized Aliyah bet, 1934p. 9
Renewed Illegal Immigration, 1937 to 1939p. 11
The Zionist Political Leadership, 1938 to 1939p. 17
Illegal Immigration in the First Years of World War II
An Ambivalent Zionist Leadershipp. 23
Primary Considerationsp. 23
The Political Approachp. 27
Ben-Gurion's and Shertok's Ambivalencep. 29
The Debate Over the Three Shipsp. 31
Zionist Policy in 1941p. 39
The Mossad and the Kladovo Darien Incidentp. 42
The Mossad's Organization of Aliyah betp. 43
The Kladovo Darien Incidentp. 49
The Jewish Agency, the Yugoslavian Communities, and the JDC Search for a Solutionp. 59
The Darien--An Immigrant Ship Againp. 61
Revisionist Aliyahp. 69
Principles and Working Patternsp. 69
Revisionist Attempts at Centralizing Aliyahp. 71
The Effort to Coordinate Aliyah through Rumaniap. 77
The Sakariya Affairp. 80
The Voyage of the Penchop. 85
Private Aliyah: Konfino and Aliyah bet from Bulgaria, 1939 to 1940p. 89
Why Private Work?p. 89
The Libertad and Salvadorp. 93
Nazi Expulsion Policy: Berthold Storfer and the Immigrationp. 98
Policy and Principlesp. 98
Berthold Storfer and Emigration from the Reich in 1940p. 103
Storfer and the Central Office for Jewish Emigrationp. 106
The Mossad, the JDC, and Storferp. 107
The Voyage of the Three Shipsp. 117
Storfer: Serving the Public Good or in Business for Himself?p. 123
The White Paper and the Fate of European Jewryp. 128
The Tenets Shaping British Policyp. 128
The Deportation Policy: Development and Implementationp. 138
The Rift between the Foreign Office and the Colonial Officep. 142
Aliyah, Rescue, and the Final Solution, 1942 to 1944
The Strumap. 147
The Struma and Its Passengersp. 147
Zionist Policy: To Conform or Innovate?p. 153
British Policyp. 157
The Turkish Point of Viewp. 163
After the Sinking of the Strumap. 167
Small Boats on the Seasp. 167
Britain: Politics of Frustrationp. 169
Zionism: Politics of Helplessnessp. 175
Nazi Policy from Deportation to Genocide: Closing the Gates to Jewish Emigration, 1943 to 1944p. 183
Attempts to Close Rumanian Ports to Jewish Emigrantsp. 184
The Transnistria Planp. 187
The Nazi Blockade of Jewish Emigration from the Balkans, 1943p. 189
The Evolution of Zionist Rescue Policyp. 199
Facing a New Realityp. 199
Aliyah and Rescuep. 206
The Yishuv Delegation in Constantinople--Istanbulp. 211
Special Difficulties in Planning Pliyahp. 214
Aliyah and Rescue: The Case of Bulgarian Jewry, 1943p. 218
The "Grand Plan" for 29,000 Immigrant Childrenp. 218
The Mossad and the Emigration of the "One Thousand"p. 227
British Policy: Back to "Tradition"p. 235
Rescue at Work: The Mossad and Aliyah bet from Rumaniap. 238
The Debate Over Immigration via Sea Routesp. 238
Contested Authority: Bucharest and the Yishuv's Delegationp. 245
The Leadership of A. L. Zissu, Summer 1944p. 253
The Aftermath of the Mefkura Sinkingp. 264
Rescue at Work: The War Refugee Board, Ira Hirschmann, Britain, and Aliyah Activities in Istanbul, 1944p. 267
Approaching 1944: Rescue Politics in Transition in Britain and the United Statesp. 267
War Refugee Board Representative in Turkeyp. 270
British Reaction to War Refugee Board Work in Istanbulp. 281
Approaching the Fall of 1944p. 284
A Time of Transition: Aliyah bet, Fall 1944p. 286
Aliyah and the Political Debatep. 286
Renewed Efforts in Bulgaria and Rumaniap. 294
The Stara-Zagora Affairp. 305
Ben-Gurion Visits Bulgariap. 308
Conclusionp. 311
Appendixesp. 319
Notesp. 329
Bibliographyp. 381
Indexp. 393
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195063400
ISBN-10: 0195063406
Series: Studies in Jewish History (Oxford Hardcover)
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 424
Published: 21st February 1991
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.16 x 16.1  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 0.76