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Equity and Development : World Development Report (Paperback) - World Bank

Equity and Development

World Development Report (Paperback)

Paperback Published: September 2005
ISBN: 9780821362495
Number Of Pages: 336

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The World Development Report 2006: Equity and Opportunity presents a social development strategy organized around the themes of social inclusion, cohesion, and accountability. It examines equality of opportunities--a potentially important factor affecting both the workings of the investment
environment and the empowerment of the poor--by building on and extending existing accountability frameworks presented in the 2005 Report.
The Report is divided into three parts. Part I describes patterns of inequality in a range of variables both at the national and global level-incomes, educational achievements, health indicators, power, and influence. Part II highlights reasons why some levels of inequality in the variables
presented in Part I may be too high-whether for intrinsic reasons or because they harm the attainment of competing values, such as the level of goods and services in the economy. Part III discusses policies that affect the relationship between equity and the development process at a national and
global level. This section includes policies that could help reduce the levels of some intermediate inequalities and focuses on circumstances in which these polices form the basis for more rapid overall development and faster poverty reduction.
Now in its twenty-eighth edition, the World Development Report offers practical insights for policymakers, business developers, economic advisers, researchers, and professionals in the media and in non-governmental organizations. It is also an essential supplement to economic and development courses
in both academic and professional settings.

Forewordp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Abbreviations and Data Notesp. xiv
Overviewp. 1
Inequity within and across nationsp. 4
Why does equity matter for development?p. 7
Leveling the economic and political playing fieldsp. 9
Introductionp. 18
Equity and inequality of opportunity: the basic conceptsp. 18
Inequality trapsp. 20
A brief preview of the Reportp. 23
Inequity within and across countriesp. 25
Focus 1 on Palanpurp. 26
Inequity within countries: individuals and groupsp. 28
Inequalities in healthp. 29
Inequalities in educationp. 34
Economic inequalitiesp. 36
The relationship between group differences and inequalityp. 43
Agency and equity: inequalities of powerp. 48
The inequality trap for womenp. 51
Equity from a global perspectivep. 55
Examples and conceptsp. 55
Global inequalities in healthp. 56
Global inequalities in educationp. 60
Global inequalities in income and expenditurep. 62
Global inequalities in powerp. 66
A glimpse of the futurep. 68
Focus 2 on empowermentp. 70
Why does equity matter?p. 73
Equity and well-beingp. 76
Ethical and philosophical approaches to equityp. 76
Equity and legal institutionsp. 78
People prefer fairnessp. 80
Income inequality and poverty reductionp. 84
Inequality and investmentp. 89
Markets, wealth, status, and investment behaviorp. 89
The evidence on underinvestmentp. 96
Inequalities and investmentp. 101
Focus 3 on Spainp. 106
Equity, institutions, and the development processp. 107
The distribution of power and institutional quality: circles vicious and virtuousp. 107
Institutions and political inequality matter for development: historical evidencep. 109
Institutions and political inequality matter for development: contemporary evidencep. 113
Transitions to more equitable institutionsp. 118
Conclusionp. 124
Focus 4 on Indonesiap. 126
Leveling the economic and political playing fieldsp. 129
Human capacitiesp. 132
Early childhood development: a better start in lifep. 132
Basic education: expanding opportunities to learnp. 135
Toward better health for allp. 141
Social protection: managing risk and providing social assistancep. 148
Summaryp. 155
Justice, land, and infrastructurep. 156
Building equitable justice systemsp. 156
Toward greater equity in access to landp. 162
Providing infrastructure equitablyp. 168
Summaryp. 175
Focus 5 on taxationp. 176
Markets and the macroeconomyp. 178
How markets relate to equityp. 178
Achieving equity and efficiency in financial marketsp. 179
Achieving equity and efficiency in labor marketsp. 185
Product markets and trade reformp. 193
Macroeconomic management and equityp. 198
Focus 6 on regional inequalityp. 204
Achieving greater global equityp. 206
Making global markets work more equitablyp. 207
Providing development assistance to help build endowmentsp. 218
Transitions to greater equityp. 221
Summaryp. 223
Focus 7 on drug accessp. 224
Epiloguep. 226
Bibliographic notep. 231
Endnotesp. 233
Referencesp. 247
Selected Indicatorsp. 275
Measuring Equityp. 277
Selected world development indicatorsp. 289
Indexp. 309
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821362495
ISBN-10: 0821362496
Series: World Development Report (Paperback)
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 336
Published: September 2005
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 26.67 x 20.42  x 1.45
Weight (kg): 0.83

Earn 166 Qantas Points
on this Book