The core of this treatise is a novel theory of distributive justice premised on the fundamental moral equality of persons. In the light of this theory, Eric Rakowski considers three types of problems which urgently require solutions - the distribution of resources, property rights and the saving of life - and provides challenging and unconventional answers. Further, he criticizes the economic analysis of law as a normative theory, and develops an alternative account of tort and property law. Among the topics discussed are the principles by which earnings, wealth and gifts should be taxed; whether the compulsory removal of organs for transplantation can be justified; how doctors and public officials should make life-or-death decisions when all those endangered cannot be helped in equal measure; and the morality of killing human beings and non-human animals.
`A provocative, well-argued, elegantly written book that will root out any complacency that a reader might have had about these eternal issues on starting it.' Howard Davies, Times Higher Education Supplement
`[Rakowski's] account of an egalitarian conception of distributive justice in this outstanding book ranks alongside the pioneering work recently done in this area by writers such as John Rawls and Ronald Dworkin ... his sophisticated and humane account of justice is among the most powerful and persuasive I have read ... This is a book that deserves to beDSand no doubt will beDStaken very seriously indeed.' Roger Crisp, Journal of Medical
'It is an ambitious and demanding book that repays close reading.'
H.A. Bedau, Tufts University, Review of Metaphysics, Dec '93
'Equal Justice is an exceptionally complex work ... not only does it cover a great deal of territory; not only does it range from the very abstract to the very concrete; but it is also rich in analytic detail. It is filled with subtle, ramifying arguments; Rakowski presents them carefully and is meticulous in explaining their implications ... this is one of the most original theories of justice to have been proposed in recent years, and it raises the
questions that deserve careful analysis ... a rich array of arguments and insights; a deepening of our understanding of the ethics of health care; perceptive analyses of tort law, insurance schemes, and the rights of animals; and one of the finest discussions in recent years of saving and taking life - all
presented in philosophical prose that is a model of clarity and precision.'
William Ewald, University of California, Berkeley, California Law Review, Vol. 82:231, 1994
`Rakowski's Equal Justice is an exciting addition to the recent literature on justice ... One of the most refreshing aspects of this book is the application Rakowski makes of his theoretical framework to practical problems.'
`Itis an excellent work of political philosophy: it is comprehensive and full of ingenious and imaginative arguments amd counter-arguments.'
Introduction; Part I. Equality of Fortune: The presumption in favor of equal shares; Voluntary choices and emergent inequalities; Ineluctable risks: illness and injury; Occupational preferences, effort, and desert; Unequal endowments; Gifts, bequests, and intergenerational obligations; Justice and the transfer of body parts; Part II. Corrective Justice: The problem of liability rules: the failings of wealth maximization as a normative ideal; Outline of a theory
of corrective justice; Illustrations; Part III. Saving and Taking Life: Do numbers count when saving lives?; The relevance of personal characteristics to choices between lives; Killing people or animals to benefit others; Envoi; Bibliography; Index
Series: Clarendon Paperbacks
Number Of Pages: 398
Published: 1st July 1993
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.7