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Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment - Michael A Bishop

Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment

Hardcover Published: 1st December 2004
ISBN: 9780195162295
Number Of Pages: 224

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Bishop and Trout here present a unique and provocative new approach to epistemology (the theory of human knowledge and reasoning). Their approach aims to liberate epistemology from the scholastic debates of standard analytic epistemology, and treat it as a branch of the philosophy of science. The approach is novel in its use of cost-benefit analysis to guide people facing real reasoning problems and in its framework for resolving normative disputes in psychology. Based on empirical data, Bishop and Trout show how people can improve their reasoning by relying on Statistical Prediction Rules (SPRs). They then develop and articulate the positive core of the book. Their view, Strategic Reliabilism, claims that epistemic excellence consists in the efficient allocation of cognitive resources to reliable reasoning strategies, applied to significant problems. The last third of the book develops the implications of this view for standard analytic epistemology; for resolving normative disputes in psychology; and for offering practical, concrete advice on how this theory can improve real people's reasoning.
This is a truly distinctive and controversial work that spans many disciplines and will speak to an unusually diverse group, including people in epistemology, philosophy of science, decision theory, cognitive and clinical psychology, and ethics and public policy.

...extremely engaging. The authors are clever and passionate ... I highly recommend Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment. Students will enjoy it and find it challenging. * K. Brad Wray, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science *

Introduction
Laying Our Cards on the Table
The Amazing Success of Statistical Predication Rules
Extracting Epistemic Lessons from Ameliorative Psychology
Strategic Reliabilism: Robust Reliability
Strategic Reliabilism: The Costs and Benefits of Excellent Judgment
Strategic Reliabilism: Epistemic Significance
The Troubles with Standard Analytic Epistemology
Putting Epistemology into Practice: Normative Disputes in Psychology
Putting Epistemology into Practice: Positive Advice
Conclusion
Appendix: Objections and Replies
References
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195162295
ISBN-10: 0195162293
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 1st December 2004
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.5  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.25