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Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry : Topics in Environmental Chemistry - Donald G. Crosby

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Topics in Environmental Chemistry

Hardcover Published: 1st January 1998
ISBN: 9780195117134
Number Of Pages: 350

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Although they are two aspects of the same subject, environmental toxicology and environmental chemistry are usually presented as though they are entirely separate from one another; even their practitioners often seem unaware of the connections. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry is the first text to tie these subjects closely together, demonstrating the immediate relevance of each subject to the other while also providing basic, easily understandable introductions to both areas. This unique work presents their principles and applications through numerous illustrative examples and special topics that highlight current environmental concerns. It provides up-to-date as well as historical examples of both subjects and includes discussions of ecotoxicology, epidemiology, predictive methods, and other topics not covered in similar texts. It also includes invertebrates and nonmammal vertebrates, plants, and microorganisms, as well as humans and other mammals. The first five chapters place chemicals in the environment; the following five provide the biological and toxicological settings; and the remaining six chapters offer examples of specific chemicals, their toxic effects and significance, and predictions of fate and toxicity. Each chapter concludes with a discussion of a related topic of particular public and scientific interest, such as chemical carcinogens, pesticide residues, or hazardous wastes.
Ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in environmental toxicology courses, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry offers a timely, comprehensive introduction to the principles of toxicology as they apply to our environment. It is also useful for professionals and practitioners in a wide range of environmentally related fields and businesses.

"Excellent coverage of current thinking in the science of toxicology."--Willaim A. Toscano, Jr., Tulane University "[O]utstanding in concept and scope. A very strong contribution and a valuable source."--John N. Cooper, Bucknell University "An excellent introductory book to the field of environmental toxicology. Especially valuable is the use of chemical principles to predict biological and environmental effects. Timely in its examples and principles."--Bruce Hammock, University of California-Davis "Excellent book. Very thorough. Many examples."--Dan Sullivan, University of Nebraska

Preface 1: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 1.1: Poisons 1.2: Environmental Toxicology 1.3: Environmental Chemistry 1.4: Toxicity 1.5: Hazard and Risk 1.6: Major Toxic Hazards 1.7: Perspective 1.8: References Special Topic 1: Ecotoxicology 2: Environmental Chemicals 2.1: Chemicals in the Environment 2.2: Detection and Measurement 2.3: The Atmosphere 2.4: Water 2.5: Soils 2.6: Biota 2.7: Everyday Life 2.8: References Special Topic 2: Pesticide Residues 3: Environmental Chemodynamics 3.1: Environmental Chemodynamics 3.2: Dissolution 3.3: Solvent Partitioning 3.4: Volatilization 3.5: Adsorption 3.6: Significance 3.7: References Special Topic 3: The Great Escape 4: Environmental Transport 4.1: Dissipation of Chemicals 4.2: Transport in and from Surface Water 4.3: Transport in Soil and Groundwater 4.4: Atmospheric Transport 4.5: Commercial Conveyance 4.6: Global Transport 4.7: References Special Topic 4: Wind, Water, and Waves 5: Abiotic Transformations 5.1: Transformations 5.2: Photochemistry 5.3: Oxidation 5.4: Reduction 5.5: Hydrolysis 5.6: Some Other Abiotic Reactions 5.7: Summary of Abiotic Reactions 5.8: References Special Topic 5: Free Radicals and the Ozone Layer 6: Biotransformations 6.1: Biotransformations 6.2: Transformations by Microorganisms 6.3: Transformations in Animals and Higher Plants 6.4: Comparative Metabolism 6.5: Summary of Biotransformations 6.6: References Special Topic 6: Anatomy of an Oil Spill 7: Intoxication 7.1: The Intoxication Process 7.2: Absorption and Disposition 7.3: Factors Governing Intoxication 7.4: Toxic Effects 7.5: References Special Topic 7: Adaptation 8: Quantitative Toxicology 8.1: Dose-Response Relationships 8.2: Factors Affecting Quantitative Responses 8.3: Toxicokinetics 8.4: Toxicity Measurements and Endpoints 8.5: Data from Humans 8.6: References Special Topic 8: Epidemiology 9: Intoxication Mechanisms 9.1: The Biochemical Lesion 9.2: Receptors and Targets 9.3: Mechanisms of General Toxicity 9.4: Animal-specific Mechanisms 9.5: Plant-specific Mechanisms 9.6: Microbe-specific Mechanisms 9.7: Perspective 9.8: References Special Topic 9: Chemical Carcinogens 10: Exposure and Risk 10.1: Hazard and Risk 10.2: Exposure 10.3: Risk Assessments 10.4: Ecological Risk 10.5: Risk Management 10.6: References Special Topic 10: PBPK Models 11: Inorganic Toxicants 11.1: Toxic Inorganic Chemicals 11.2: Some Basic Chemistry 11.3: Nonmetallic Elements 11.4: The Metalloids 11.5: Heavy Elements 11.6: Transition Elements 11.7: Radioactive Elements 11.8: Other Toxic Elements 11.9: References Special Topic 11: Methylation of Metals and Metalloids 12: Biotoxins 12.1: Biotoxins 12.2: The Alkaloids 12.3: Toxic Glycosides 12.4: Plant Phenolics 12.5: Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins 12.6: Lactone Mycotoxins 12.7: Perspective 12.8: References Special Topic 12: Allelochemicals 13: Industrial Chemicals 13.1: Industrial Chemicals 13.2: Petrochemicals 13.3: Toxic Byproducts and Conversion Products 13.4: References Special Topic 13: Why Chlorinate? 14: Refractory Pollutants 14.1: Refractory Chemicals 14.2: DDT and DDE 14.3: Chlorinated Alicyclics 14.4: Chlorinated Dioxins 14.5: Polychlorinated Biphenyls 14.6: Phthalate Esters 14.7: Perspective 14.8: References Special Topic 14: Environmental Persistence 15: Reactive Pollutants 15.1: Reactivity 15.2: Alkyl Halides 15.3: Chlorophenols 15.4: Divalent Sulfur Compounds 15.5: Dithiocarbamates 15.6: Nitroarenes 15.7: Amines and Their Derivatives 15.8: Esters 15.9: Carbon Monoxide and Cyanides 15.10: Perspective 15.11: References Special Topic 15: Hazardous Waste 16: Predicting Environmental Fate and Effects 16.1: Quantitative Prediction 16.2: Predicting Environmental Transport 16.3: Predicting Environmental Transformations 16.4: Modeling Environmental Fate 16.5: Quantitative Structure-Activity Relations (QSAR) 16.6: Microcosms (Model Ecosystems) 16.7: References Special Topic 16: QSAR and Toxicity Glossary Index

ISBN: 9780195117134
ISBN-10: 0195117131
Series: Topics in Environmental Chemistry
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 350
Published: 1st January 1998
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.28 x 17.35  x 2.24
Weight (kg): 0.68