There is a great dispar.ity between the ability of the major industrial nations to produce and distribute chemicals and our ability to comprehend the nature and potential severity of unintended consequences for man, his life support systems and the environment generally. Furthermore, the gap between our ability to produce and distribute myriad chemicals and our ability to identify, understand or predict unfavorable environmental impacts may widen. As environmental scientists we are conscious of the interrelatedness, not only of environmental systems, but of nations as well. Materials are continually moved across boundaries by human as well as natural agencies. The extent, rate and nature of transfer for most pollutants is largely unknown. We can only guess which of the numerous chemicals produced are candidates for concern. More important still is our practical ignorance of the mechanisms of chronic effects upon natural systems and of the concentrations, combinations and circumstances that may lead to irreversibilities or to serious consequences for man. We know very little also regarding the potential for or the kinds of indirect effects that might occur.
With respect to the environmentltself, we know little of its assimilative capacity with regard to widely dispersed pollutants and their transformation products. But what we do know is disquieting, and a much-improved system for the evaluation and management of toxic and hazardous chemicals is needed.
Summary of Conclusions and Recommendations.- Welcoming Address of Paul Muller.- Welcoming Address of Wolfgang Knies.- Welcoming Address of George M. Goldstein.- Opening Address: Task and Possibilities of a Specimen Bank.- Section A: Realization of Specimen Banking.- Summary and Conclusions of Section A.- Papers Contributed for Section A:.- Relationship between an international environmental specimen monitoring programme and the implementation of a prevention policy concerning environmental pollution.- The state of the art of the researches on environmental specimen banking in Japan.- Collecting and archiving wildlife specimen in Canada.- General aspects of monitoring and banking of human biological specimens.- Environmental specimen banking in the UK; do we need to go any further?.- Realization of specimen banking: chemical approaches.- Specimen banks and the monitoring of surface water pollution by aquatic organisms.- Concept and operational experiences of the pilot environmental specimen bank program in the Federal Republic of Germany.- Operation of the U.S. pilot national environmental specimen bank program.- Section B: Specimen Selection.- Summary and Conclusions of Section B.- Papers Contributed for Section B:.- The importance of specimen banking to monitoring the St. Lawrence Great Lakes.- Regionally representative sampling.- Experimental bio-monitoring, food web monitoring and specimen banking.- Criteria for the selection of soils for the environmental specimen bank.- Recommendations for specimen banking and monitoring accumulations of air pollutants by plants.- The environmental monitoring of "emergent properties" as related to specimen banking.- Section C: Characterization of Samples and Priorities to be Analyzed.- Summary and Conclusions of Section C.- Papers Contributed for Section C:.- Analytical aspects of the characterization and monitoring of banked samples with special reference to organohalogenes.- Analytical aspects of monitoring diethylstilbestrol and related anabolic compounds in stored samples of different origin.- Analysis of aromatic amines, organochlorine compounds and "dioxin" in biological samples.- Reference materials of the European Community.- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and azaarenes in environmental specimens.- Analysis of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans.- Analysis of human liver specimens in the U.S. pilot national environmental specimen bank program.- List of Participants and Contributors.
Number Of Pages: 358
Published: 31st December 1983
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.28 x 16.46
Weight (kg): 0.71