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Environmental Pollution Control Microbiology : A Fifty-Year Perspective - Ross E. McKinney

Environmental Pollution Control Microbiology

A Fifty-Year Perspective

Hardcover Published: 11th March 2004
ISBN: 9780824754938
Number Of Pages: 464

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Compiling knowledge gained through more than 50 years of experience in environmental engineering technology, this book illustrates the application of fundamental concepts in microbiology to provide a sound basis for the design and operation of various biological systems used in solving environmental challenges in the air, water, and soil. Environmental Pollution Control Microbiology emphasizes the quantitative relationships of microbial growth and metabolism, beginning an examination of the overall metabolism and resulting growth of bacteria, fungi, algae, protozoa, rotifers, and other microorganisms and explains how bacteria bring about the stabilization of biodegradable organic pollutants.

Prefacep. iii
Introductionp. 1
Microbiologyp. 2
Chemistryp. 5
Engineeringp. 6
Pollution Control Microbiologyp. 10
Things to Rememberp. 11
Bacteriap. 13
Definition and Descriptionp. 14
Bacteria Structurep. 18
Microscopesp. 19
Stains and Stainingp. 21
Cell Wallp. 22
Cell Membranep. 23
Cytosolp. 24
Flagella and Pilip. 25
Chemical Compositionp. 25
Metabolismp. 30
Energy Reactionsp. 31
Synthesis Reactionsp. 43
Coupled Reactionsp. 44
Nitrogen Fixationp. 46
Actinomycetesp. 47
Things to Rememberp. 49
Referencesp. 50
Bacteria Growthp. 52
Batch-Fed Growth Patternsp. 53
Continuous Feed Growth Patternsp. 58
Variable Loading Ratesp. 63
Endogenous Respirationp. 66
Oxygen Metabolismp. 68
Effect of Temperaturep. 75
Effect of pHp. 76
Mixing and Turbulencep. 80
Deathp. 82
Things to Rememberp. 82
Referencesp. 83
Fungi and Yeastsp. 86
Fungip. 86
Descriptionp. 87
Chemical Compositionp. 89
Metabolism and Growthp. 90
Competition with Bacteriap. 91
Moisturep. 92
Cell N & Pp. 92
pHp. 92
Oxygenp. 93
Antibioticsp. 93
Yeastsp. 94
Chemical Compositionp. 95
Metabolism and Growthp. 95
Things to Rememberp. 97
Referencesp. 98
Algaep. 100
Descriptionp. 100
Metabolismp. 104
Cell Nutrientsp. 104
Chemical Compositionp. 105
Growthp. 106
Environmental Concernsp. 110
Things to Rememberp. 111
Referencesp. 112
Protozoa and Other Animalsp. 114
Protozoap. 114
Descriptionp. 115
Metabolism and Growthp. 118
Population Dynamicsp. 122
Reproduction and Survivalp. 123
Rotifersp. 124
Crustaceansp. 125
Nematodes and Other Wormsp. 127
Environmental Concernsp. 128
Things to Rememberp. 128
Referencesp. 129
Soil Microbesp. 131
Soil Characteristicsp. 131
Precipitationp. 133
Microorganismsp. 136
Bacteriap. 136
Fungip. 140
Actinomycetesp. 141
Photosynthetic Microorganismsp. 141
Protozoap. 142
Higher Animalsp. 142
Surface Metabolismp. 143
Deep Soilsp. 146
Things to Rememberp. 147
Referencesp. 148
Water Microbiologyp. 149
River Water Microbiologyp. 149
Ponds, Lakes, and Reservoirsp. 157
Waterborne Pathogensp. 164
Virusesp. 164
Bacteriap. 165
Fungip. 167
Protozoap. 168
Pathogen Problemsp. 169
Water Pollutionp. 170
Things to Rememberp. 172
Referencesp. 173
Water Supply and Treatmentp. 175
Groundwater Supplyp. 177
Surface Water Supplyp. 179
Storagep. 183
Pre-Sedimentation Tanksp. 186
Pre-Chlorinationp. 187
Chemical Precipitation and Sand Filtrationp. 189
Softeningp. 192
Activated Carbonp. 193
Disinfectionp. 193
Environmental Regulationsp. 196
Things to Rememberp. 199
Referencesp. 200
Wastewater Characteristics and Collectionp. 203
Wastewater Characteristicsp. 205
Storm Waterp. 207
Separate Sewersp. 208
Combined Sewersp. 211
Rural Runoffp. 212
Agricultural Runoffp. 212
Domestic Wastewaterp. 215
5-Day Biochemical Oxygen Demandp. 218
Basic Testp. 218
Previous Studiesp. 223
Suspended Solidsp. 222
Nitrificationp. 223
Chemical Oxygen Demandp. 224
Wastewater Flowp. 226
Industrial Wastewatersp. 227
Wastewater Collectionp. 230
Storm Water Collectionp. 231
Sanitary Wastewater Collectionp. 231
Things to Rememberp. 235
Referencesp. 236
Wastewater Treatmentp. 238
Storm Water Treatmentp. 239
Urban Systemsp. 239
Industrial Systemsp. 240
Agricultural Systemsp. 240
Domestic Wastewater Treatmentp. 247
Primary Treatmentp. 247
Primary Sedimentationp. 248
Primary Sludge Treatmentp. 250
Secondary Treatmentp. 255
Trickling Filtersp. 257
Bacteriology of Trickling Filtersp. 259
Biological Concepts for Trickling Filtersp. 262
Activated Sludgep. 265
Activated Sludge Discoveryp. 266
Basic Processp. 267
Microbiology of Activated Sludgep. 268
Bacteriap. 268
Protozoap. 281
Rotifersp. 283
Nematodes and Other Wormsp. 284
Biochemistry of Activated Sludgep. 285
Early Studiesp. 285
General Metabolismp. 290
Energy-Synthesis Reactionsp. 293
Limited Dissolved Oxygenp. 294
Design and Operationp. 295
Aeration Tank Configurationsp. 295
Aeration Equipmentp. 296
A Design for Microorganismsp. 301
Aeration Tank Mixingp. 304
Quantitative Relationshipsp. 305
Nitrificationp. 310
Denitrificationp. 311
Biological Phosphorus Removalp. 313
Final Sedimentation Tanksp. 316
Return Activated Sludgep. 319
Activated Sludge Changesp. 320
Stabilization Pondsp. 328
Design Conceptsp. 328
Microbiology of Stabilization Pondsp. 329
Biochemistry of Stabilization Pondsp. 330
Operating Characteristicsp. 333
Aerated Lagoonsp. 335
Disinfectionp. 338
Industrial Wastewater Treatmentp. 339
Aerobic Biotreatmentp. 340
Plastic Media Trickling Filtersp. 341
Activated Sludgep. 342
Stabilization Pondsp. 345
Aerated Lagoonsp. 347
Anaerobic Biotreatmentp. 348
Anaerobic Lagoonsp. 348
High Rate Anaerobic Treatmentp. 349
Things to Rememberp. 356
Referencesp. 358
Air Microbiologyp. 366
The Air Environmentp. 366
Sampling Techniquesp. 368
Central Heating and Air Conditioningp. 370
Sewage Irrigation and Sludge Applicationp. 372
Aeration Tanksp. 374
Urban Communitiesp. 376
Things to Rememberp. 378
Referencesp. 379
Solid Wastesp. 382
Solid Waste Characteristicsp. 382
Municipal Solid Wastesp. 384
Industrial Solid Wastesp. 385
Construction and Demolition Solid Wastesp. 385
Street Sweepingsp. 386
Water and Wastewater Sludgesp. 387
Automobile Solid Wastesp. 388
Bulky Solid Wastesp. 388
Treesp. 389
Agricultural Solid Wastesp. 389
Mining Solid Wastesp. 389
Processing Solid Wastesp. 390
Sanitary Landfillsp. 390
Basic Conceptsp. 391
Biological Activityp. 392
Stimulating Bacterial Activityp. 394
Gas Productionp. 396
Nutrient Deficientp. 397
Sanitary Landfill Researchp. 398
Compostingp. 401
Windrow Compostingp. 402
High-Rate Compostingp. 403
Wastewater Sludge Compostingp. 404
Yard Waste Compostingp. 405
Agricultural Compostingp. 406
Soil Stabilizationp. 407
Wastewater Treatment Plant Sludgep. 408
Agricultural Solid Wastesp. 408
Municipal Solid Wastesp. 409
Things to Rememberp. 410
Referencesp. 411
Hazardous Wastesp. 413
Defining Hazardous Wastesp. 414
Sources of Hazardous Wastesp. 415
Treatment Conceptsp. 416
Physical Treatmentp. 416
Chemical Treatmentp. 417
Biological Treatmentp. 418
Early Biological Treatment Systemsp. 419
Research Studiesp. 421
Toxic Nitrogen Compoundsp. 422
Chlorinated Organic Compoundsp. 424
Developing Biotreatment Systems for Hazardous Wastewatersp. 426
Laboratory Treatment Unitsp. 428
Full Size Treatment Plant Designp. 431
In-Situ Treatmentp. 432
Things to Rememberp. 434
Referencesp. 435
Indexp. 438
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780824754938
ISBN-10: 082475493X
Series: Civil and Environmental Engineering
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 464
Published: 11th March 2004
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.64
Weight (kg): 0.77
Edition Number: 1