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Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides : Need and Methods for Risk Assessment - Heikki M. T. Hokkanen

Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides

Need and Methods for Risk Assessment

By: Heikki M. T. Hokkanen (Editor), Ann E. Hajek (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th November 2003
ISBN: 9781402008139
Number Of Pages: 269

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Biological pesticides are increasingly finding therr place in IPM and increasing numbers of products are making therr way to the marketplace. Particularly in China, Latin America and Australia, implementation is proceeding on a large scale. However, in the USA and Europe, registration procedures for insect pathogens to be used for insect control have been established that requrre low levels of risk, resulting in costs of retarding the implementation of microbial agents. This book provides a review of the state of the art of studies on the envrronmental impact of microbial insecticides. It originates from a Society for Invertebrate Pathology Microbial Control Division Symposium .. Assessment of envrronmental safety of biological insecticides", organised in collaboration with the EU-ERBIC research project (FAIR5-CT97-3489). This symposium was initiated by Heikki Hokkanen and Chris Lomer, and was held at the SIP Annual Meeting in 2001 in The Netherlands. The emphasis in this book is on large scale use of microbial agents for insect control, demonstrating how this use has been proceeding with minimal envrron- mental impact. This book is intended to be of use to regulatory authorities in determining whether further studies in eertain areas are necessary and how to conduct them if needed, or whether sufficient information has been collected already to permit fuH registration of many of these biological control agents.

Dedication
Contributors
Preface
General Framework
Ecological risk assessment framework for biological control agents
Entomopathogenic fungi
Entomopathogenic fungi as classical biological control agents
Safety of Hyphomycete fungi as microbial control agents
Assessing the impacts of Metarhizium and Beauveria on bumblebees
Viral insecticides
Ecological impacts of virus insecticides: host range and non-target organisms
Entomopathogenic microsporidia
Environmental safety of microsporidia
Bacterial Insecticides
Environmental impacts of bacterial biopesticides
The safety of bacterial microbial agents used for black fly and mosquito control in aquatic environments
Environmental safety of inundative application of a naturally occurring biocontrol agent, Serratia entomophila
Entomopathogenic nematodes
Biocontrol nematodes
General aspects of environmental risk assessment
Ecological insights into factors affecting the non-target impact of microbial control agents
Regulatory requirements for ecotoxicological assessments of microbial insecticides <$$$>" how relevant are they?
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402008139
ISBN-10: 1402008139
Series: Progress in Biological Control
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 269
Published: 30th November 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.0 x 16.0  x 1.73
Weight (kg): 0.72