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Environmental Health for All : Risk Assessment and Risk Communication for National Environmental Health Action Plans - David J. Briggs

Environmental Health for All

Risk Assessment and Risk Communication for National Environmental Health Action Plans

By: David J. Briggs (Editor), Richard M. Stern (Editor), Tim L. Tinker (Editor)

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Published: 31st December 1998
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Accurate assessment of environmental hazards and related risks is a primary prerequisite for effective environmental health protection, at both the individual and collective level. National and regional policies on environmental health need to be guided by knowledge about the risks to the populations involved; as the Environmental Action Plan for Europe notes, 'priority setting requires the comparative assessment of risks to health of different environmental factors against the cost of controlling them.' In recent years this has assumed particular importance, for with the encouragement of the World Health Organisation (WHO), all countries in Europe are committed to producing National Environmental Health Action Plans (NEHAPs), which will define priorities and targets for environmental health and the actions needed to achieve them. Reliable information on risks is clearly fundamantal to this process. Individual risk assessment is no less important in this context. Much of the responsibility and capacity to improve public health lies ultimately in the choices (e.g. about diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, sexual activities, sporting activities, travel mode, place of residence and occupation) which we make as individuals. If we are to improve and protect our own health, therefore, and in so doing play our personal role in achieving the targets set by these Plans, we need to be guided by a clear understanding of the risks involved.

Preface
Acknowledgements
National Environmental Health Action Plans: background and processp. 3
The NEHAP experience in the Czech Republic, Romania and Polandp. 17
Setting priorities for environmental health risks in Swedenp. 35
Sources and consequences of uncertainty in risk estimatesp. 55
Outbreak of baldness in children in Sillamae, Estoniap. 63
Health effects of exposure to metals from manufacturing plantsp. 69
Is iodide a confounding or effect modifying factor of liver cirrhosis?p. 77
Structural-functional state of the bone-muscular system in people exposed to low doses of ionising radiationp. 85
Tools for risk assessment: statistical and spatial methodsp. 97
Environmental modelling in the NEHAP processp. 113
Tools for risk assessment: Geographic Information Systemsp. 133
Monte Carlo simulations in risk assessment: cancer risk in the Polish coke industryp. 147
Promoting active public participationp. 157
Putting risk communication policy into practice: a U.S. federal perspectivep. 169
Priority setting of environmental and health policy optionsp. 175
Presenting decision-makers with their choices: environment health indicators for NEHAPsp. 187
What is risk?p. 205
Quantifying the unquantifiable and comparing the non-commensuratep. 213
Reality versus perception, and values versus science in risk assessment and risk perceptionp. 223
Coping with complexity in environmental health management and policyp. 233
Referencesp. 245
App. 1: Workshop Conclusions and Recommendationsp. 261
App. 2: Workshop Participantsp. 267
Indexp. 273
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792354529
ISBN-10: 0792354524
Series: Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 2
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 278
Published: 31st December 1998
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.7
Weight (kg): 1.31