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Environmental Geochemistry of Potentially Toxic Metals - Frederic R. Siegel

Environmental Geochemistry of Potentially Toxic Metals

Hardcover

Published: 23rd October 2001
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The book focuses on heavy metals that have damaged the ecosystem Earth and its life forms. It characterizes natural and anthropogenic sources of pollutants, identifies physical, chemical and biological conditions that affect their ecosystem mobility. The book describes the pathways by which potentially toxic metals can access and concentrate to toxic levels in organisms. The text reviews the different environmental assessment, monitoring samples and analytical techniques used to determine how sample types bond the metals and hence affect their bioavailibility and bioaccumulation. Consideration is given to existing remediation methodologies and those being researched. Finally, the book emphasizes how pre-planning during project studies can result in the incorporation of technologies that will prevent or at least greatly alleviate the release of toxic metals to our living environment.

From the reviews:

"Environmental Geochemistry of Potentially Toxic Metals by Frederic R. Siegel is a well-organized text, which provides a good overview of the pertinent issues in studying heavy metals in the environment. ... The figures and tables complement the text and wonderfully display such topics as uses of metals and the biogeochemical cycles of nutrients. ... this is a useful text for geochemistry/ecology students and interested laymen who want to learn about the origin, transport, and sequestering of toxic metals." (Philip L. Verplanck, Mineralium Deposita, Vol. 38 (2), 2003) "This book, containing 218 pages divided into nine chapters, gives, as the title indicates, an overview of the geochemistry of toxic metals. In the first section a clear definition is given of which metals are considered toxic, including an overview of effects on ecosystems. ... this book is an interesting document for all scientists working in the field of metals. ... There is much interesting information included, especially in the tables." (Jan Bronders, International Journal of Environment and Pollution, Vol. 19 (6), 2003) "This book contains a lot of fundamental and actual scientific knowledge on environmental geochemistry of potentially toxic metals and related fields. Facts are presented in clear chapters divided into short sections, written in a concise and clearly understandable style. ... The book is strongly recommended for students in many fields ... and all those who start to work in the field of potentially toxic metals or are interested in this research. It is therefore a valuable and timely addition to the literature." (W. Calmano, Acta hydrochimica et hydrobiologica, Vol. 21 (1), 2003) "This volume is a welcome addition to the field. ... It sets out to provide a comprehensive overview of fundamental geochemical principles and their relevance to potential impact of potentially toxic metals on ecosystem function. ... The text ... presents a concise and focused treatment of the issues. ... it is certainly the definitive overview of the environmental geochemistry of metal pollution. It is relevant to all practitioners, researchers and students of the subject ... . An accessible, enjoyable and informative volume - strongly recommended." (Professor Andrew S. Hursthouse, Journal of Environmental Monitoring - online, March, 2003)

Prefacep. V
Geochemistry in Ecosystem Analysis of Heavy Metals Pollutionp. 1
Environmental Geochemistryp. 1
Potentially Toxic Metals in Focusp. 2
Important Factors That Affect Environmental Impactp. 5
Essentiality of and Risks from Potentially Toxic Metalsp. 8
Epidemiologyp. 12
Role of the Environmental Geochemistp. 14
Sources and Origins of the Metalsp. 15
Natural Igneous Rocksp. 15
Weathering and Soilsp. 18
Sedimentary Rocksp. 24
Metamorphic Rocksp. 26
The Rock Cyclep. 26
Waterp. 27
Atmospherep. 28
From Human Activities Inadvertently and Knowinglyp. 29
Irrigationp. 32
Biocide Runoff or Infiltration into Soils and Aquifersp. 33
Anthropogenic-Human Activities Caused and Acknowledgedp. 35
Miningp. 35
Emissionsp. 37
Effluentsp. 39
Solid Waste Disposal-Industrial and Domesticp. 42
Heavy Metals Mobility/Immobility in Environmental Mediap. 45
Controlling Parametersp. 46
Physical Dispersionp. 46
Mobilization in Aqueous Systemsp. 50
Hydrologic Mobility, Dispersion and Precipitation/Depositionp. 51
Organisms in Mobility and Dispersionp. 54
Atmospheric Mobility and Dispersion Before Depositionp. 56
Geochemical Barriers to Mobilityp. 57
Pathways, Cycles, Bioaccumulation, Impact on Ecosystemsp. 61
PTMs Environmental Cycles and Pathwaysp. 63
Pathwaysp. 65
Respirationp. 65
Waterp. 69
Foodp. 70
Bioavailability, Bioaccumulations, Biomagnificationp. 71
Symptoms of Impact on Health of Ecosystem Lifep. 73
Antagonistic/Synergistic Effectsp. 74
Contaminant/Natural Background Values: Timing and Processesp. 77
Statistical Evaluation of Baseline/Backgroundp. 80
Timing of Onset of Contaminationp. 93
Disruption of the Time Record in Sediment Sequencesp. 96
Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) for Potentially Toxic Metalsp. 100
Indicator Media of Environmental Health Statusp. 103
Atmospherep. 105
Soilsp. 108
Watersp. 114
Sediment and Rock Associated with Water Systemsp. 116
Life Formsp. 119
Florap. 120
Faunap. 125
Humansp. 129
Analysis of Indicator Media: Samples/Protocolsp. 133
Analytical Choicesp. 134
Bulk/Total Samplep. 137
Selective Samplingp. 139
By Size Fraction of Inorganic Mediap. 139
Suspended Matterp. 141
Waterp. 142
Analysis of Organismsp. 144
Selective Extractionp. 146
Chemical Speciesp. 152
International, Regional, National Protocolsp. 154
Remediation/Alleviation of Metal(s)-Contaminated Mediap. 155
Soilsp. 156
Sludgep. 161
Surface and Aquifer Watersp. 163
Bioremediation in Soil, Sludge and Water Reclamationp. 165
Sediment (Fluvial, Lacustrine, Estuarine, Marine)p. 174
Underground Mine Workings in Sulfide-Bearine Rock, Surface Mine Spoilsp. 175
Emissionsp. 181
Remediation and Ecosystem Sustainabilityp. 182
Decision Making for Environmental Sustainabilityp. 183
Populationsp. 184
Controlling Heavy Metals in Environmental Systemsp. 186
Toxicity to Sustainability of Living Environmentsp. 186
Decision Making on Remediation, Alleviation, Preventionp. 190
Comparative Risk Assessmentp. 191
Pre-Development Planning Against Heavy Metals Dischargep. 192
Referencesp. 195
Epiloguep. 209
Copyright permissionp. 211
Subject Indexp. 213
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540420309
ISBN-10: 3540420304
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 218
Published: 23rd October 2001
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.27 x 16.87  x 1.78
Weight (kg): 0.47