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Environmental Fluid Mechanics - Hillel Rubin

Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Hardcover Published: 17th August 2001
ISBN: 9780824787813
Number Of Pages: 752

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Environmental Fluid Mechanics provides comprehensive coverage of a combination of basic fluid principles and their application in a number of different situations-exploring fluid motions on the earth's surface, underground, and in oceans-detailing the use of physical and numerical models and modern computational approaches for the analysis of environmental processes. Environmental Fluid Mechanics covers novel scaling methods for a variety of environmental issues; equations of motion for boundary layers; hydraulic characteristics of open channel flow; surface and internal wave theory; the advection diffusion equation; sediment and associated contaminant transport in lakes and streams; mixed layer modeling in lakes; remediation; transport processes at the air/water interface; and more.

Prefacep. v
Principles of Environmental Fluid Mechanics
Preliminary Conceptsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Properties of Fluidsp. 4
Mathematical Preliminariesp. 8
Dimensional Reasoningp. 27
Problemsp. 32
Supplemental Readingp. 43
Fundamental Equationsp. 45
Introductionp. 45
Fluid Velocity, Pathlines, Streamlines, and Streaklinesp. 45
Rate of Strain, Vorticity, and Circulationp. 48
Lagrangian and Eulerian Approachesp. 52
Conservation of Massp. 56
Conservation of Momentump. 60
The Equations of Motion and Constitutive Equationsp. 65
Conservation of Energyp. 71
Scaling Analyses for Governing Equationsp. 75
Problemsp. 87
Supplemental Readingp. 123
Viscous Flowsp. 125
Various Forms of the Equations of Motionp. 125
One-Directional Flowsp. 128
Creeping Flowsp. 134
Unsteady Flowsp. 137
Numerical Simulation Considerationsp. 139
Problemsp. 143
Supplemental Readingp. 162
Inviscid Flows and Potential Flow Theoryp. 163
Introductionp. 163
Two-Dimensional Flows and the Complex Potentialp. 164
Flow Through Porous Mediap. 179
Calculation of Forcesp. 185
Numerical Simulation Considerationsp. 192
Problemsp. 200
Supplemental Readingp. 209
Introduction to Turbulencep. 211
Introductionp. 211
Definitionsp. 212
Frequency Analysisp. 220
Stability Analysisp. 226
Turbulence Modelingp. 232
Scales of Turbulent Motionp. 242
Problemsp. 245
Supplemental Readingp. 250
Boundary Layersp. 251
Introductionp. 251
The Equations of Motion for Boundary Layersp. 252
The Integral Approach of Von Karmanp. 258
Laminar Boundary Layersp. 262
Turbulent Boundary Layersp. 264
Application of the Boundary Layer Concept to Heat and Mass Transferp. 266
Problemsp. 269
Supplemental Readingp. 274
Surface Water Flowsp. 277
Introductionp. 277
Hydraulic Characteristics of Open Channel Flowp. 277
Application of the Energy Conservation Principlep. 289
Application of the Momentum Conservation Principlep. 296
Velocity Distribution in Open Channel Flowp. 299
Gradually Varied Flowp. 306
Circulation in Lakes and Reservoirsp. 319
Problemsp. 328
Supplemental Readingp. 359
Surface Water Wavesp. 361
Introductionp. 361
The Wave Equationp. 362
Gravity Surface Wavesp. 364
Sinusoidal Surface Waves on Deep Waterp. 366
Sinusoidal Surface Waves for Shallow Water Depthp. 372
The Group Velocityp. 378
Waves in Open Channelsp. 382
Numerical Aspectsp. 393
Problemsp. 395
Supplemental Readingp. 400
Geophysical Fluid Motionsp. 401
Introductionp. 401
General Conceptsp. 402
The Taylor-Proudman Theoremp. 409
Wind-Driven Currents (Ekman Layer)p. 411
Vertically Integrated Equations of Motionp. 415
Problemsp. 417
Supplemental Readingp. 421
Applications of Environmental Fluid Mechanics
Environmental Transport Processesp. 423
Introductionp. 423
Basic Definitions, Advective Transportp. 426
Diffusionp. 427
The Advection-Diffusion Equationp. 431
Dispersionp. 438
Dispersion in Porous Mediap. 446
Analytical Solutions to the Advection-Diffusion Equationp. 451
Numerical Solutions to the Advection-Diffusion Equationp. 466
Problemsp. 473
Supplemental Readingp. 488
Groundwater Flow and Quality Modelingp. 489
Introductionp. 489
The Approximation of Dupuitp. 490
Contaminant Transportp. 496
Saltwater Intrusion into Aquifersp. 506
Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (NAPL) in Groundwaterp. 511
Numerical Modeling Aspectsp. 515
Problemsp. 522
Supplemental Readingp. 532
Exchange Processes at the Air/Water Interfacep. 533
Introductionp. 533
Momentum Transportp. 533
Solar Radiation and Surface Heat Transferp. 539
Exchange of Gasesp. 552
Measurement of Gas Mass Transfer Coefficientsp. 564
Problemsp. 568
Supplemental Readingp. 573
Topics in Stratified Flowp. 575
Buoyancy and Stability Considerationsp. 575
Internal Wavesp. 581
Mixingp. 591
Double-Diffusive Convectionp. 603
Mixed-Layer Modelingp. 609
Problemsp. 617
Supplemental Readingp. 618
Dynamics of Effluentsp. 621
Jets and Plumesp. 621
Submerged Discharges and Multiport Diffuser Designp. 631
Surface Buoyant Dischargesp. 635
Problemsp. 645
Supplemental Readingp. 646
Sediment Transportp. 647
Introductionp. 647
Hydraulic Properties of Sedimentsp. 649
Bed-Load Calculationsp. 653
Suspended Sediment Calculationsp. 659
Particle Interactionsp. 668
Particle-Associated Contaminant Transportp. 676
Problemsp. 682
Supplemental Readingp. 687
Remediation Issuesp. 691
Introductionp. 691
Soil and Aquifer Remediationp. 692
Bioremediationp. 701
Remediation of Surface Watersp. 709
Problemsp. 713
Supplemental Readingp. 719
Indexp. 721
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780824787813
ISBN-10: 0824787811
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 752
Published: 17th August 2001
Publisher: CRC PR INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.88  x 4.45
Weight (kg): 1.18
Edition Number: 1

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