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Enquiry into Plants : Bks. I-V v. 1 - Theophrastus

Enquiry into Plants

Bks. I-V v. 1

By: Theophrastus, Sir A.F. Hort (Translator)

Hardcover Published: 1st July 1989
ISBN: 9780674990777
Number Of Pages: 512

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Theophrastus of Eresus in Lesbos, born about 370 BCE, is the author of the most important botanical works that have survived from classical antiquity. He was in turn student, collaborator, and successor of Aristotle. Like his predecessor he was interested in all aspects of human knowledge and experience, especially natural science. His writings on plants form a counterpart to Aristotle's zoological works.

In the "Enquiry into Plants" Theophrastus classifies and describes varieties--covering trees, plants of particular regions, shrubs, herbaceous plants, and cereals; in the last of the nine books he focuses on plant juices and medicinal properties of herbs. The Loeb Classical Library edition is in two volumes; the second contains two additional treatises: "On Odours" and "Weather Signs."

In "De Causis Plantarum" Theophrastus turns to plant physiology. Books One and Two are concerned with generation, sprouting, flowering and fruiting, and the effects of climate. In Books Three and Four Theophrastus studies cultivation and agricultural methods. In Books Five and Six he discusses plant breeding; diseases and other causes of death; and distinctive flavours and odours.

Theophrastus's celebrated "Characters" is of a quite different nature. This collection of descriptive sketches is the earliest known character-writing and a striking reflection of contemporary life.

Preface
Introduction
Of The Parts Of Plants And Their Composition Of Classification
Introductory: How plants are to be classified; difficulty of defining what are the essential ' parts' of a plant, especially if plants are assumed to correspond to animals
The essential parts of plants, and the materials of which they are made
Definitions of the various classes into which plants may be divided
Exact classification impracticable: other possible bases of classification
Differences as to appearance and habitat
Characteristic differences in the parts of plants, whether general, special, or seen in qualities and properties
Differences as to qualities and properties
Further special differences
Differences in root Of trees (principally) and their characteristic special differences: as to knots As to habit
As to shedding of leaves Differences in leaves
Composition of the various parts of a plant
Differences in seeds
Differences in taste
Differences in flowers
Differences in fruits
General differences (affecting the whole plant)
Of Propagation, Especially of Trees Of the ways in which trees and plants originate
Instances of degeneration from seed
Effects of situation, climate, tendance
Of spontaneous changes in the character of trees, and of certain marvels
Of spontaneous and other changes in other plants Of methods of propagation, with notes on cultivation
Of the propagation of the date-palm; of palms in general Further notes on the propagation of trees
Of the cultivation of trees
Of remedies for the shedding of the fruit: caprification
Of Wild Tubes Of the ways in which wild trees originate Of the differences between wild and cultivated trees
Of mountain trees: of the differences found in wild trees
Of the times of budding and fruiting of wild, as compared with cultivated, trees
Of the seasons of budding
Of the comparative rate of growth in trees, and of the length of their roots
Of the effects of cutting down the whole or part of a tree
Of other things borne by trees besides their leaves flowers and fruit
Of 'male' and 'female' in trees : the oak as an example of this and other differences
Of the differences in firs
Of beech, yew, hop-hornbeam, lime
Of maple and ash
Of cornelian cherry, cornel, 'cedars,' medlar, thorns, sorb
Of bird-cherry, elder, willow ?
Of elm, poplars, alder, [semyda, bladder-senna]
Of filbert, terebinth, box, krataigos
Of certain other oaks, arbutus, andrachne, wig-tree
Of cork-oak, kolatea, koloitia, and of certain other trees peculiar to particular localities
Of the differences in various shrubs-buckthorn, withy, Christ's thorn, bramble, sumach, ivy, smilax, [spindle-tree]
Of The Trees And Plants Special To Particular Districts And Positions
Of the importance of position and climate
Of the trees special to Egypt, and of the carob Of the trees and shrubs special to Libya
Of the trees and herbs special to Asia Of the plants special to northern regions
Of the aquatic plants of the Mediterranean
Of the aquatic plants of the 'outer sea' (i.e. Atlantic, Persian Gulf, etc.)
Of the plants of rivers, marshes, and lakes, especially in Egypt
Of the plants peculiar to the lake of Orchomenos (Lake Copa#
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780674990777
ISBN-10: 0674990773
Series: Loeb Classical Library : Book 1
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 512
Published: 1st July 1989
Publisher: HARVARD UNIV PR
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 17.15 x 12.07  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.34

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