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Enigmatic Microorganisms and Life in Extreme Environments : Cellular Origin and Life in Extreme Habitats - Joseph Seckbach

Enigmatic Microorganisms and Life in Extreme Environments

Cellular Origin and Life in Extreme Habitats

By: Joseph Seckbach (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 28th February 1999
ISBN: 9780792354925
Number Of Pages: 687

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This volume covers the fields of origin, evolution and phylogenesis from prokaryotic to eukaryotic cells. The authors review the three kingdoms of life (archea, eubacteria and eukarya) from molecular evolutionary levels to ecological aspects in enigmatic habitats, including general reviews of puzzling pro- and eukaryotic organisms and their domains. Among the harshest conditions found on Earth discussed are dry habitats, thermophilic (cells in hot springs and undersea thermal vents up to 110C), psychrophilic (cryophiles) and halophilic (high salt concentrations) niches where microbial life is frequently detected. Some chapters deal with the organisms which grow in extreme pH conditions (acidity versus alkalinity), and under hydrostatic pressure in the deep sea, and microbial growth on petroleum. Other contributors present their research on aerobiology and microbes growing in various gases and various levels of radiation, including cellular morphological modification in these extremophilic microbes. This volume also includes the symbiotic association between two or more organisms on the endocellular and exocellular levels. The volume should be of interest to students and researchers of biology, evolutionary biology and chemistry, and other evolutionary fields, and the intelligent layman.

"It is a good reference source for traditional extreme habitats and also provides many novel topics, such as lab-induced endosymbiosis, and good review chapters on basic physiology and metabolism." (European Journal of Phycology, 36 (2001)

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgement
In the Beginning: Origin and Evolution of the First Cellsp. 1
Tracing the Relationships among the Eubacteria using [sigma][superscript 70]-Type Sigma Factorsp. 3
Gene Transfer in Early Evolutionp. 15
The Evolution of Algaep. 29
From Bacteria to Protistap. 49
Eukaryogenesis: The Search for an Evolutionary Transition towards Intelligence in an Extreme Environmental Habitat of the Outer Solar Systemp. 63
Fossil Bacteriap. 73
Growth and Organisms in Ammonia: Kakabekia, a Microbial Enigmap. 89
Enigmatic Microorganismsp. 97
Enigmatic Unicellular Protista. Are They Really Enigmatic? The Algae Casep. 99
The Prochlorophytes - An Algal Enigma. Biology of Chlorophyll a/b Containing Photosynthetic Prokaryotesp. 113
Cryptomonad Systemastics - An Algal Enigma?p. 127
The Organellar Genomes of Cyanidioschyzon merolaep. 139
The Versatile Extension of Lifep. 151
The Versatility of Microorganismsp. 153
Eukaryotic Cells under Extreme Conditionsp. 163
The Poikilotrophic Micro-Organism and its Environment. Microbial Strategies of Establishment, Growth and Survivalp. 175
The Study of Enigmatic Microbial Communitiesp. 187
Nanobacteria and Manp. 195
An Enigma in Marine Nanoplankton. The Role of Star-Like Structures Produced by Phaeocystisp. 205
Algal Versatility in Various Extreme Environmentsp. 215
Microorganisms in Extreme Environmentsp. 229
Enigmatic Desert Soil Algae. Soil Algal Flora of the Western U.S.A and Baja California, Mexicop. 231
Life in the Rocks - Endolithic Algaep. 243
Lithobionts in the Eastern Mediterraneanp. 255
Fine Structure of Hyperthermophilic Prokaryotesp. 277
The Phylogeny of Thermophiles and Hyperthermophiles and the Three Domains of Life. The Phylogeny of Thermophilesp. 291
Life in the Extreme: New Prokaryotes Living in High Temperature Low pH Environmentsp. 305
Psychrophilic Yeastsp. 315
Antarctic Microfungip. 323
The Enigma of Square and Triangular Halophilic Archaeap. 337
Microbial Life in the Dead Seap. 357
Salt Sensitivity of Cellsp. 369
Survival of Halophilic Bacteria in Ancient Salts: Possibilities and Potentialsp. 387
Dunaliella [beta]-Carotene. From Science to Commercep. 399
Haloarchaeal Growth Physiologyp. 411
The Cyanidiophyceae: Hot Spring Acidophilic Algaep. 425
Revision of Comparative Traits for the Acido- and Thermophilic Red Algae Cyanidium and Galdieriap. 437
Mechanism and Evolution of Organelle Divisionp. 447
Dunaliella Acidophila - A Most Extreme Acidophilic Algap. 465
Alkaliphilic Microorganismsp. 479
A Global Perspective on the Microbial Abundance and Activity in the Deep Subsurfacep. 487
Membrane-Based Adaptions of Deep-Sea Piezophilesp. 501
Chemoautotrophic Bacteria - Marine Invertebrate Symbioses. Adaptions for Autotrophic Carbon and Nitrogen Assimilationp. 513
Effect of Substances, Gases and Irradiationsp. 525
Growth of Extremophiles on Petroleump. 527
Metallogenium - A Microbial Enigmap. 539
Microbes and Radiationp. 549
The Unknown Life of Airborne Algaep. 563
Living Together: Symbiosisp. 573
Organisms Living inside Others. The Symbiotic Wondersp. 575
Symbiogenesis of Bacteria within Amoebae. Symbiogenesis in Amoebaep. 585
Symbiotic Associations between Metanogenic Archaea, Protists and Metazoa: Evolutionary Implicationsp. 599
Cyanobacteria in Symbioses with Plants and Fungip. 613
The Hard Life of Prokaryotes in the Leaf Cavities of Azollap. 629
Freshwater Algal Symbioses in Protoza and Invertebratesp. 641
Intracellular Symbiotic Bacteria within Insectsp. 651
The Mysterious Interrelationships between Fungi and Plants: The Case of Endosymbiontsp. 661
Indexp. 671
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792354925
ISBN-10: 0792354923
Series: Cellular Origin and Life in Extreme Habitats
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 687
Published: 28th February 1999
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.15  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 1.41