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English Verb Classes and Alternations : A Preliminary Investigation - Beth Levin

English Verb Classes and Alternations

A Preliminary Investigation

Paperback

Published: 1st January 1993
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In this rich reference work, Beth Levin classifies over 3,000 English verbs according to shared meaning and behavior. Levin starts with the hypothesis that a verb's meaning influences its syntactic behavior and develops it into a powerful tool for studying the English verb lexicon. She shows how identifying verbs with similar syntactic behavior provides an effective means of distinguishing semantically coherent verb classes, and isolates these classes by examining verb behavior with respect to a wide range of syntactic alternations that reflect verb meaning.
The first part of the book sets out alternate ways in which verbs can express their arguments. The second presents classes of verbs that share a kernel of meaning and explores in detail the behavior of each class, drawing on the alternations in the first part. Levin's discussion of each class and alternation includes lists of relevant verbs, illustrative examples, comments on noteworthy properties, and bibliographic references. The result is an original, systematic picture of the organization of the verb inventory.
Easy to use, "English Verb Classes and Alternations" sets the stage for further explorations of the interface between lexical semantics and syntax. It will prove indispensable for theoretical and computational linguists, psycholinguists, cognitive scientists, lexicographers, and teachers of English as a second language.

Preface
Introduction
The Theoretical Perspective The Layout of the Book
Alternations Transitivity Alternations
Object of Transitive = Subject of Intransitive Alternations
Middle Alternation
Causative Alternations
Causative Inchoative Alternation
Induced Action Alternation
Other Instances of Causative Alternations
Substance/Source Alternation
Unexpressed Object Alternations
Unspecified Object Alternation
Understood Body-Part Object Alternation
Understood Reflexive Object Alternation
Understood Reciprocal Object Alternation
PRO-arb Object Alternation
Characteristic Property Alternations
Characteristic Property of Agent Alternation
Characteristic Property of Instrument Alternation
WayObject Alternation
Instructional Imperative
Conative Alternation
Preposition Drop Alternations
Locative Preposition Drop Alternation
WithProposition Drop Alternation
Alternations Involving Arguments Within the VP
Dative Alternation
Benefactive Alternation
Locative Alternation
Spray LoadAlternation
ClearAlternation (transitive)
WipeAlternation
SwarmAlternation
ClearAlternation (intransitive)
Creation and Transformation Alternations
Material/Product Alternation (transitive)
Material/Product Alternation (intransitive)
Total Transformation Alternation (transitive)
Total Transformation Alternation (intransitive)
Reciprocal Alternations
Simple Reciprocal Alternation (transitive)
TogetherReciprocal Alternation (transitive)
ApartReciprocal Alternation (transitive)
SimpleReciprocal Alternation (intransitive)
TogetherReciprocal Alternation (intransitive)
ApartReciprocal Alternation (intransitive)
Fulfilling Alternation
Image Impression Alternation
With AgainstAlternation
Through WithAlternation
BlameAlternation
SearchAlternations
Body-Part Possessor Ascension Alternation
Possessor-Attribute Factoring Alternations
Possessor Object
Attribute Object
Possessor and Attribute Alternation
Possessor Subject (transitive)
Possessor Subject (intransitive)
AsAlternation
"Oblique" Subject Alternations
Time Subject Alternation
Natural Force Subject Alternation
Instrument Subject Alternation
Abstract Cause Subject Alternation
Locatum Subject Alternation
Local Subject Alternation
Container Subject Alternation
Raw Material Subject Alternation
Sum of Money Subject Alternation
Source Subject Alternation
Reflexive Diathesis Alternations
Virtual Reflexive Alternation
Reflexive of Appearance Alternation
Passive
Verbal Passive
Prepositional Passive
Adjectival Passive (transitive verbs)
Adjectival Perfect Participles (intransitive verbs)
Alternations Involving Postverbal "Subjects"
There-Insertion
Locative Inversion
Other Constructions
Cognate Object Construction
Cognate Prepositional Phrase Construction
Reaction Object Construction
X'sWayConstruction
Resultative Construction
Unintentional Interpretation of Object
Unintentional Interpretation with Reflexive Object
Unintentional Interpretation with Body-Part Object
Bound Nonreflexive Anaphor as Prepositional Object
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226475332
ISBN-10: 0226475336
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 280
Published: 1st January 1993
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.51
Edition Type: New edition