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English Seigniorial Agriculture, 1250-1450 : Cambridge Studies in Historical Geography (Hardcover) - Bruce M. S. Campbell

English Seigniorial Agriculture, 1250-1450

Cambridge Studies in Historical Geography (Hardcover)

Hardcover Published: 21st September 2000
ISBN: 9780521304122
Number Of Pages: 548

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Bruce Campbell's book is the first single-authored treatment of medieval English agriculture at a national scale. It deals comprehensively with the cultivation carried out by or for lords on their demesne farms, for which the documentation is more detailed and abundant than for any other agricultural group either during the medieval period or later. A context is thereby assured for all future work on the medieval and early modern agrarian economies. The book also makes a substantive contribution to on-going historical debates about the dimensions, chronology and causes of the medieval cycle of expansion, crisis and contraction. Topics dealt with include the scale and composition of seigniorial estates, the geography of land-use, pastoral husbandry, arable husbandry, land productivity, levels of commercialisation and the size of the population in relation to the consumption of food at any given time.

Industry Reviews

'If there are, a generation and more from now, still students willing and able to undertake medieval social and economic history, a standard question of those attempting regional, estate, or manorial studies will be 'have you looked up your manor/estate/region in 'Campbell'? ... It is, simply put, one of the most important works on medieval English agrarian history to have been published.' The English Historical Review 'This is certainly a book which will promote further discussion of how the late medieval economy and population actually worked, and it will do much to make that discussion better informed.' Local Population Studies Society

List of figuresp. xiii
List of tablesp. xvi
Preface and acknowledgementsp. xix
Abbreviationsp. xxiv
Weights, measures, values, and boundariesp. xxv
Introduction: agriculture and the late-medieval English economyp. 1
The seigniorial and non-seigniorial sectorsp. 1
The changing economic context of agricultural productionp. 3
Strategies for raising (and reducing) agricultural outputp. 10
Risks, dilemmas, and debatesp. 16
Sources, databases, and typologiesp. 26
Sourcesp. 26
Manorial accountsp. 26
IPM extentsp. 37
Other sourcesp. 40
Methods and databasesp. 41
Approaches to the analysis of demesnes, estates, and regionsp. 41
The databasesp. 46
The scale and composition of the seigniorial sectorp. 55
The seigniorial share of agricultural output and land-usep. 55
The scale and composition of estatesp. 60
The scale and composition of demesnesp. 63
Aggregate valuep. 63
Arable land-usep. 67
Pastoral land-usesp. 71
Arable versus pasturagep. 85
The relative unit values of grassland and arablep. 89
Demesne land-use combinations and their geographyp. 94
Seigniorial pastoral productionp. 102
Types of pastoral husbandryp. 103
Working animalsp. 120
Draught-horsesp. 123
Draught-oxenp. 131
Working animals in perspectivep. 133
Non-working animalsp. 134
Breeding replacement draught beastsp. 135
Cattle-based dairyingp. 143
Sheepp. 151
Swinep. 165
Non-working animals in perspectivep. 169
Animals versus cropsp. 171
Stocking densities and farming systemsp. 172
The relative contributions of crops and livestock to gross revenuesp. 183
Seigniorial arable productionp. 188
The objectives of productionp. 189
Sustainabilityp. 189
Consumptionp. 193
Exchangep. 203
The principal field crops and their attributesp. 213
Wheatp. 214
Ryep. 219
Winter mixturesp. 221
Barleyp. 222
Oatsp. 224
Spring mixturesp. 226
Grain-legume mixturesp. 227
Legumesp. 228
Winter- versus spring-sown cropsp. 230
Trends in cropping, 1250-1449p. 231
The scale of cultivationp. 232
Bread grainsp. 238
Brewing grainsp. 243
Pottage and fodder cropsp. 245
Net changep. 247
Crop specialisation and cropping systemsp. 249
Seigniorial cropping systems, 1250-1349p. 250
Individual cropping systemsp. 250
The overall configuration of cropping systems pre-1350p. 273
Seigniorial cropping systems, 1350-1449p. 275
Individual cropping systemsp. 276
The overall configuration of cropping systems post-1349p. 301
Crop specialisation and commercialisationp. 303
Arable productivityp. 306
Productivity as an issuep. 306
Crop yieldsp. 309
Seeding ratesp. 309
Yields per seedp. 315
Yields per unit areap. 326
Unit land valuesp. 347
Unit land values as recorded in the IPMsp. 350
Grain prices and land valuesp. 355
Production costs and the annual net value of landp. 356
Temporal trendsp. 364
Harvest reliabilityp. 364
Trends in unit land valuesp. 367
Trends in yields of individual cropsp. 370
Trends in weighted aggregate grain yieldsp. 375
Grain output and population: a conundrump. 386
Total grain outputp. 386
Total kilocalorie outputp. 396
The total population capable of being fedp. 399
Grain output, population, and GDPp. 406
Adapting to change: English seigniorial agriculture 1250-1450p. 411
Agriculture before the Black Death: constraints versus incentivesp. 411
Supply-side constraintsp. 414
Demand-side incentivesp. 424
Agriculture after the Black Death: adapting to a major demand-side shockp. 430
The medieval antecedents of English agricultural progressp. 436
Demesne-level classification of husbandry typesp. 441
Demesnes represented in the Norfolk accounts databasep. 453
Demesnes represented in the FTC accounts databasesp. 467
Consolidated bibliographyp. 471
Indexp. 497
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521304122
ISBN-10: 0521304121
Series: Cambridge Studies in Historical Geography (Hardcover)
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 548
Published: 21st September 2000
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 3.51
Weight (kg): 0.97

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