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English Grammar for Today : A New Introduction - Geoffrey N. Leech

English Grammar for Today

A New Introduction

Paperback Published: 28th October 2005
ISBN: 9781403916426
Number Of Pages: 238

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Written by a team led by a world authority in English grammar, English Grammar for Today has established itself as a rich educational experience for both native- and non-native-speaking students. This engaging and stimulating coursebook enables students to learn grammar not just for its own sake, but also for the pleasure of exploring, appreciating and understanding the way language communicates in written text and spoken discourse. Throughout, the emphasis is on using grammar in present-day English.

After an introduction placing grammar in its educational and cultural context, the authors present a 'toolkit' for analysing sentences. The second part of the book demonstrates how to apply this toolkit to spoken and written language, using a wide range of real textual materials. Each chapter ends with a set of carefully-designed exercises and tasks to aid understanding, with answers provided at the end of the volume. Now thoroughly revised and updated to meet the needs of today's students, this new edition features:

- a new Foreword by the English Association
- an additional introductory chapter, 'Getting Started with Grammar', which introduces the subject for those with no prior knowledge
- improved and extended diagrams, exercises and answers
- up-to-date textual passages and examples

Lively and approachable, this indispensable guide is ideal for both students and teachers who are looking for their first serious engagement with - or wishing to rediscover- English grammar.

'This edition of English Grammar for Today responds superbly to the requirements of contemporary students and scholars alike, and is of very significant value in understanding, describing and appreciating English in all its varied forms.' - Elaine Treharne, President of the English Association

Forewordp. ix
Prefacep. x
Symbols and conventionsp. xiv
Acknowledgementsp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
What Grammar Is and Is Notp. 3
Grammar and its role in languagep. 3
'Good' and 'bad' grammarp. 5
Variation in languagep. 6
English and other languagesp. 10
Grammar and effective communicationp. 12
Conclusionp. 14
Exercisesp. 14
Getting Started with Grammarp. 17
Grammar in prose literaturep. 17
Grammar in poetryp. 19
A taste of morphology: the structure of wordsp. 20
Simple and complex wordsp. 20
Derivational and inflectional suffixesp. 24
Summary: the main points of English morphologyp. 25
Exercisesp. 26
Analysisp. 31
Sentences and Their Partsp. 33
Prologue: parts of speechp. 33
The hierarchy of unitsp. 36
Grammatical notationsp. 38
Using testsp. 40
Form and functionp. 42
Summaryp. 46
Exercisesp. 46
Wordsp. 49
Open and closed word classesp. 49
The open classesp. 51
Closed word classesp. 59
Summaryp. 63
Exercisesp. 63
Phrasesp. 66
Classes of phrasep. 66
Main and subordinate phrasesp. 67
Noun phrases and related phrase classesp. 70
The adjective phrase and the adverb phrasep. 75
The verb phrase (VP)p. 77
Summaryp. 80
Exercisesp. 81
Clausesp. 85
Elements of the clausep. 85
Complex sentencesp. 87
Tensed and tenseless clausesp. 89
Declarative, interrogative and imperative clausesp. 90
Active and passive clausesp. 93
More on clause structurep. 93
Clause patternsp. 94
The structure of tenseless clausesp. 97
Parsing a simple sentencep. 97
Summaryp. 101
Exercisesp. 101
Subordination and Coordinationp. 104
Subordinate clauses (SCl)p. 105
Tensed subordinate clausesp. 107
The functions of subordinate clausesp. 111
Tenseless subordinate clausesp. 112
Direct and indirect subordinationp. 114
Skeleton analysisp. 115
Coordinationp. 117
Summary and conclusionp. 120
Exercisesp. 121
Basic and Derived Structuresp. 123
Constituent structure grammarp. 123
Basic and derived structuresp. 124
'Missing' elementsp. 126
Split constituentsp. 129
'Double analysis'p. 130
Back to parsingp. 133
Style and structure-changing rulesp. 134
Summary and conclusionp. 137
Exercisesp. 137
Applicationsp. 139
Working with Discourse: Speech and Writingp. 141
Introductionp. 141
Speech and writing: which comes first?p. 141
Functions of writing and speechp. 142
The form of speech and writingp. 143
Linguistic characteristics of speech and writingp. 144
An analysis of spoken and written discoursep. 151
Conclusionp. 154
Exercisesp. 154
Working with Discourse: Tenor and Domainp. 156
Introductionp. 156
Tenorp. 156
Tenor and discoursep. 159
Domainp. 162
Domain and discoursep. 164
Combining categories of usep. 166
Exercisesp. 168
Working with Literary Discoursep. 172
How to analyse stylep. 172
Illustrative extractp. 179
Outline analysis (with questions for further study)p. 180
Further illustrative extracts for discussionp. 181
Exercisesp. 182
Grammar and Problems of Usagep. 184
Opinions about grammarp. 184
Prescriptive 'rules'p. 185
The priests of usagep. 186
Problems of personal pronounsp. 187
The problem of number concordp. 190
The problem of the generic masculinep. 191
Problems of ellipsisp. 191
Dangling tenseless clausesp. 192
Conclusionp. 194
Exercisesp. 194
Grammar and compositionp. 196
Grammar and writingp. 196
'Make your language easy to follow'p. 196
'Be clear'p. 201
'Be economical'p. 202
'Be clear but concise': clarity versus economyp. 203
'Be effective'p. 205
Exercisesp. 206
Answers to Exercisesp. 209
Notesp. 228
Further Readingp. 230
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781403916426
ISBN-10: 140391642X
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 238
Published: 28th October 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.4
Weight (kg): 0.39
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised