The approach to language and grammar that motivates this book is functional: grammar is not just a system of empty rules, it is a means to an end, an instrument for constructing concise coherent communication. This book is intended for both students and teachers, at both high school and college levels, for both native and non-native speakers. With the guidance of a teacher it aims to serve as a thorough introduction to the grammar of English. Volume I begins with words and their meanings, then goes on to propositions and simple state or event clauses, participant roles, verb types, transitivity, subjects and objects. It then covers the grammmatical subsystems commonly found in simple clauses: verbal inflections, auxiliaries and the grammar of tense-aspect modality and negation; articles, determiners, pronouns and the grammar of referential coherence; and the variety of noun phrases and noun modifiers.
Volume II continues with syntactic and communicative complexity; embedded clauses verb complements, relative clauses, detransitive voice passive, anti-passive, impersonal and middle voice, reflexive and reciprocal constructions, focus and topic constructions; and nondeclarative speech acts. It closes with interclausal connectivity: conjoined and subordinate clauses, the grammar of discourse coherence, clause chains and thematic paragraphs.
Part 7 Verbal complements: the semantics of event integration; the syntax of clause integration; modality verbs; for-to complements; "if" complements; WH-complements; post-posed P-C-U verbs; non-verbal predicates with verbal complements. Part 8 Voice and de-transitivization: functional dimensions of voice; the frequency-distribution of voice in text; the syntax of de-transitive clauses; other de-transitive constructions; the antipassive voice; reciprocal constructions; reflective clauses. Part 9 Relative clauses: functional aspects of relativization; the syntax or relativization; the syntax of non-restrictive REL-clauses; headless relative clauses; subject REL-clauses with the main verb "be"; extraposed relative clauses; relativization and syntactic complexity; non-finite relative clauses. Part 10 Contrastive focus constructions: functional aspects of contrastive focus; contrastive grammatical devices; the discourse-pragmatics of contrast; focus attraction, assertion scope and contrastive focus; other focus-attracting grammatical devices; strong contrastive focus and relativization; restrictions on clefting; some cognitive considerations. Part 11 Topicalizing constructions: functional aspects of topicality; the variety of topicalizing constructions.