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Engaging Africa : Washington and the Fall of Portugal's Colonial Empire - Witney W. Schneidman

Engaging Africa

Washington and the Fall of Portugal's Colonial Empire


Published: 29th January 2004
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Engaging Africa: Washington and the Fall of Portugal's Colonial Empire tells the story of how successive administrations �Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon and Ford �tried to maintain the confidence of their NATO ally, Portugal, while facilitating the process of decolonization in Angola and Mozambique. Ultimately becoming an epic battle of democracy versus dictatorship, African nationalism versus geo-strategic pre-eminence, and East versus West, this book, largely based on primary sources, tells the story of one of the Cold War's most intense confrontations.

Portugal's departure from Africa, and the role that the United States played in this process, is an extraordinarily important and tragic episode of the Cold War era. Drawing on voluminous declassified official documents, combined with interviews with virtually all of the principal policy makers of the era, Witney Schneidman has written an excellent diplomatic history on the making of U.S. policy toward Africa. He also tells a fascinating story. -- Gerald J. Bender, Professor of International Relations, University of Southern California Engaging Africa is a compelling story. For those interested in the history of U.S. policy toward Africa, this book is essential reading. -- Susan E. Rice, former Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs This is a superb diplomatic narrative of the competing national interests shaping U.S. policy towards Portugal and its colonial empire in Africa, when the 'winds of change' were blowing across the African continent. Schneidman provides a vivid description of the maneuverings behind the policy debates and colorful insights of the personalities involved during this important, often forgotten, moment in history. -- Ambassador Paul Hare, U.S. Special Representative to the Angolan Peace Process, 1993-1998 This is the best study of U.S. relations with Portugal and Portuguese Africa from Kennedy through Ford, the difficult years when U.S. policymakers had to decide how best to respond to Lisbon's efforts to retain the Portuguese empire in Africa. -- Piero Gleijeses, Professor of American Foreign Policy, Johns Hopkins University, author of Conflicting Missions: Havana, Washington and Africa, 1 This book, a must-read for anyone interested in decolonization or Cold War diplomacy, is the definitive diplomatic history of U.S.-Portuguese relations in the 1960s and 1970s, in the context of Portugal's 1974 revolution and the end of its African empire. -- Nicholas Van De Walle Foreign Affairs Portuguese Africa and Portugal is a dramatic story, unique in the annals of history. Witney Schneidman has rendered a great service by taking on a neglected tale and telling it extremely well... The description of postrevolutionary Portugal is as accurate as any I have seen. -- Frank C. Carlucci, III, former U.S. Ambassador to Portugal Schneidman's book adds its weight to the developing argument and challenges historians to continue to delve more deeply into the problems in United States decolonization policy which have helped to shape the post-colonial world in which we live today. -- Daniel Byrne, University of Evansville H-Net: Humanities and Social Science Reviews Online This excellent work reflects both its academic origins through extensive archival research and an insider view of policy changes and personality clashes. Summing Up: RECOMMENDED. Upper-division undergraduates and above. -- C.W. Hartwig, Arkansas State University CHOICE

Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Map of Africap. xvii
Kennedy and Salazar: Africa Versus the Azores
New Strains on American Foreign Policyp. 1
The Problem of Portugalp. 5
Snapping Impatient Fingersp. 11
The Empire Faltersp. 13
Abetting the Conspiracy in Lisbonp. 16
Washington: The Battle in the Bureaucracyp. 19
Leaning Toward the More Modern Groupsp. 22
Portuguese War--American Armsp. 26
Portugal's Countermovesp. 28
The Dilemma of the Azoresp. 30
Playing to Portugalp. 33
Retreat at the United Nationsp. 36
The Portuguese Facadep. 41
The Kennedys and Mondlanep. 43
The Stalemate in Africap. 46
"Seeking the Best of Both Worlds"p. 51
The Time Factorp. 56
Endnotesp. 60
Lyndon Johnson and Africa: The Right Policy for the Wrong Reasons
The Chinese Discover Africap. 59
Playing the China Cardp. 61
Anderson Prods Portugalp. 63
Trying to Maintain Portugal's Confidencep. 66
Offering "Carrots" to Portugalp. 68
Preempting Racial Lobbiesp. 74
The Need for an Africa Policyp. 76
A Policy in Search of Directionp. 78
The Fragile Opposition Partiesp. 81
"Evolving a Story on Africa"p. 85
The "Jugular Problems" of Southern Africap. 87
Goldberg Weighs Inp. 92
The Johnson Plan for Africap. 94
The Twilight of Concernp. 97
The Demise of a Policyp. 100
Nixon, Caetano, and Spinola: Partners in Uncertainty
The Structure of Peacep. 105
The New Portugalp. 108
Friends in the White Housep. 112
Designing "Tar Baby"p. 114
"The Whites Are Here to Stay"p. 118
A Ticket to the Azoresp. 121
Rogers in Africap. 124
The Stalemated Guerilla Warsp. 125
A New Desperation in Lisbonp. 128
Focusing the Attention of Washingtonp. 132
The Coup in Portugalp. 136
Misreading the Conspiracyp. 139
The Revolution of Red Carnationsp. 142
"If You Kick Portugal Hard Enough ..."p. 145
Endnotesp. 172
Kissinger, Carlucci, and Portugal's Revolution
The Embassy's Credibility Problemp. 151
Kissinger's Kerenskyp. 153
Carlucci Takes Overp. 159
"The Communist Drive for Power"p. 164
"The Only Game in Town"p. 170
The Trojan Horse in NATOp. 177
Angola's Transition to Independence
The Scramble for Africa--Againp. 187
Angola Slips Awayp. 191
Mr. Guinea-Bissaup. 193
Alvor: The Portuguese Want Outp. 197
A Favorable Situationp. 202
Moscow's "End-Run" Around Detentep. 205
Changing Objectives in Angolap. 208
Neto's "Cheap" Victoryp. 211
Holding the Line on Angolap. 212
Endgame on Angolap. 217
Transitioning to the Oppositionp. 228
The Postcolonial Legacyp. 229
Appendixp. 233
List of Acronymsp. 237
Endnotesp. 237
Acknowledgmentsp. 277
Indexp. 283
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780761828129
ISBN-10: 0761828125
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 312
Published: 29th January 2004
Publisher: University Press of America
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 16.4  x 2.4
Weight (kg): 0.41