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Engaging Africa : Washington and the Fall of Portugal's Colonial Empire - Witney W. Schneidman

Engaging Africa

Washington and the Fall of Portugal's Colonial Empire

Paperback Published: 28th January 2004
ISBN: 9780761828129
Number Of Pages: 312

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Engaging Africa: Washington and the Fall of Portugal's Colonial Empire tells the story of how successive administrations �Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon and Ford �tried to maintain the confidence of their NATO ally, Portugal, while facilitating the process of decolonization in Angola and Mozambique. Ultimately becoming an epic battle of democracy versus dictatorship, African nationalism versus geo-strategic pre-eminence, and East versus West, this book, largely based on primary sources, tells the story of one of the Cold War's most intense confrontations.

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This book, a must-read for anyone interested in decolonization or Cold War diplomacy, is the definitive diplomatic history of U.S.-Portuguese relations in the 1960s and 1970s, in the context of Portugal's 1974 revolution and the end of its African empire.--Nicholas Van De Walle "Foreign Affairs "

Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Map of Africap. xvii
Kennedy and Salazar: Africa Versus the Azores
New Strains on American Foreign Policyp. 1
The Problem of Portugalp. 5
Snapping Impatient Fingersp. 11
The Empire Faltersp. 13
Abetting the Conspiracy in Lisbonp. 16
Washington: The Battle in the Bureaucracyp. 19
Leaning Toward the More Modern Groupsp. 22
Portuguese War--American Armsp. 26
Portugal's Countermovesp. 28
The Dilemma of the Azoresp. 30
Playing to Portugalp. 33
Retreat at the United Nationsp. 36
The Portuguese Facadep. 41
The Kennedys and Mondlanep. 43
The Stalemate in Africap. 46
"Seeking the Best of Both Worlds"p. 51
The Time Factorp. 56
Endnotesp. 60
Lyndon Johnson and Africa: The Right Policy for the Wrong Reasons
The Chinese Discover Africap. 59
Playing the China Cardp. 61
Anderson Prods Portugalp. 63
Trying to Maintain Portugal's Confidencep. 66
Offering "Carrots" to Portugalp. 68
Preempting Racial Lobbiesp. 74
The Need for an Africa Policyp. 76
A Policy in Search of Directionp. 78
The Fragile Opposition Partiesp. 81
"Evolving a Story on Africa"p. 85
The "Jugular Problems" of Southern Africap. 87
Goldberg Weighs Inp. 92
The Johnson Plan for Africap. 94
The Twilight of Concernp. 97
The Demise of a Policyp. 100
Nixon, Caetano, and Spinola: Partners in Uncertainty
The Structure of Peacep. 105
The New Portugalp. 108
Friends in the White Housep. 112
Designing "Tar Baby"p. 114
"The Whites Are Here to Stay"p. 118
A Ticket to the Azoresp. 121
Rogers in Africap. 124
The Stalemated Guerilla Warsp. 125
A New Desperation in Lisbonp. 128
Focusing the Attention of Washingtonp. 132
The Coup in Portugalp. 136
Misreading the Conspiracyp. 139
The Revolution of Red Carnationsp. 142
"If You Kick Portugal Hard Enough ..."p. 145
Endnotesp. 172
Kissinger, Carlucci, and Portugal's Revolution
The Embassy's Credibility Problemp. 151
Kissinger's Kerenskyp. 153
Carlucci Takes Overp. 159
"The Communist Drive for Power"p. 164
"The Only Game in Town"p. 170
The Trojan Horse in NATOp. 177
Angola's Transition to Independence
The Scramble for Africa--Againp. 187
Angola Slips Awayp. 191
Mr. Guinea-Bissaup. 193
Alvor: The Portuguese Want Outp. 197
A Favorable Situationp. 202
Moscow's "End-Run" Around Detentep. 205
Changing Objectives in Angolap. 208
Neto's "Cheap" Victoryp. 211
Holding the Line on Angolap. 212
Endgame on Angolap. 217
Transitioning to the Oppositionp. 228
The Postcolonial Legacyp. 229
Appendixp. 233
List of Acronymsp. 237
Endnotesp. 237
Acknowledgmentsp. 277
Indexp. 283
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780761828129
ISBN-10: 0761828125
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 312
Published: 28th January 2004
Publisher: University Press of America
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.49 x 14.07  x 2.34
Weight (kg): 0.4