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Encyclopedia of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education - Colin Baker

Encyclopedia of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education

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This encyclopedia is divided into three sections, covering individual bilingualism, bilingualism in society, and bilingual education.

Forewordp. vi
Prefacep. vii
Acknowledgementsp. viii
Individual Bilingualism
Who is a Bilingual?
Defining Bilingualismp. 2
The Advantages and Disadvantages of Bilingualismp. 6
Two Views of Bilinguals: Two Halves or One Whole?p. 9
Balanced Bilingualsp. 12
Double 'Semilingualism'p. 14
Prestigious Bilingualismp. 15
Multilingualismp. 17
Personality, Social Development, Identity and Bilingualismp. 22
Bilingualism and the Family
Types of Bilingual Familyp. 28
The Development of Bilingualism in Childrenp. 36
Bilingualism and Marriagep. 44
Mother Tonguep. 47
The Everyday Language Use of Bilinguals
Language Choicep. 51
Bilingualism and Sensitivity in Communicationp. 54
Codeswitchingp. 58
Bilingualism and Thinking
Bilingualism and Intelligencep. 62
Bilingualism and Creative Thinkingp. 66
Field Dependency and Independency and Bilingualismp. 69
Piaget and Bilingualismp. 70
Bilingualism and Metalinguistic Awarenessp. 71
Thresholds Theoryp. 74
Common Underlying Proficiency and Separate Underlying Proficiencyp. 81
Bilingualism and the Brainp. 83
The Measurement of Bilingualism
Measuring Bilingualsp. 86
Bilingual Proficiencyp. 90
Languages in Society
Bilingualism in Communities
Language Communitiesp. 96
Types of Language Minorityp. 99
Immigration, Emigration and Languagep. 104
Ethnic Identityp. 112
Diglossiap. 117
Languages of Wider Communicationp. 122
Language Change
The Origins of Language and Language Familiesp. 127
The Origins of Bilingualismp. 133
Dialects and Language Boundariesp. 135
Pidgins and Creolesp. 142
Language Shift, Language Decline and Language Deathp. 150
Language Borrowingsp. 164
Language Vitalityp. 170
Attitudes to Languagesp. 174
Language Maintenance and Planning
Language Maintenancep. 181
Language Revival and Reversalp. 186
Two Cases of Language Revival: Maori and Hebrewp. 195
Language Planningp. 203
Language Standardizationp. 210
Linguistic Purismp. 217
Language Marketingp. 221
Bilingualism in the Modern World
Information Technology and Bilingualismp. 228
Bilingualism and the Internetp. 231
Translation and Interpretationp. 234
Religion and Bilingualismp. 245
Bilingualism and the Economyp. 250
Language Strategies for Businessp. 258
Bilingual Professionsp. 263
Bilingualism and the Mass Mediap. 269
Bilingualism and Tourismp. 272
Bilingualism and Language Policies
Language as a Problem, a Right, and a Resourcep. 276
The Assimilation of Language Minoritiesp. 287
Integration and Language Minoritiesp. 296
Multiculturalismp. 299
Major World Languagesp. 302
Hispanics in the United Statesp. 307
World Englishesp. 311
Language Imperialismp. 319
Colonialism and Languagesp. 324
Language and Nationalismp. 327
Conflict and Equilibriump. 333
Language Activismp. 336
The Question of Languages in the European Unionp. 339
Languages in Contact in the World
Introductionp. 346
Africap. 354
Asiap. 370
Australia and New Zealandp. 385
Caribbeanp. 387
Central Americap. 393
Europep. 398
Middle Eastp. 426
North Americap. 431
Oceaniap. 448
South Americap. 455
Bilingual Education
The Aims of Bilingual Education
The Nature and Aims of Bilingual Educationp. 464
Types of Bilingual Educationp. 469
A Bilingual Education Modelp. 473
'Weak' Forms of Bilingual Education
Submersion Educationp. 476
Transitional Bilingual Educationp. 479
Withdrawal Classesp. 483
'Strong' Forms of Bilingual Education
Bilingual Nursery Educationp. 486
Immersion Bilingual Educationp. 496
Language Maintenance Bilingual Educationp. 508
Dual Language Schoolsp. 518
Dual Majority Language Bilingual Educationp. 525
European Schoolsp. 527
International Schoolsp. 533
Bilingual Education and the Community
Home and School Relationshipsp. 537
A Framework for Language Minority Student Empowermentp. 540
Bilingual Education in the United States
A Brief History of Bilingual Education in the United Statesp. 545
Research on the Effectiveness of Bilingual Educationp. 550
The Debate in the United States over Bilingual Educationp. 555
Bilingual Education for Deaf and Hearing Impaired People
Deaf and Partially Hearing Bilingual Peoplep. 563
Deaf Students and Bilingual Educationp. 567
Bilingual Education for Students with Special Needs
Explanations of Under-Achievement in Bilingualsp. 570
Bilingualism and Learning Difficultiesp. 572
Assessment and Bilingual Childrenp. 575
Bilingual Special Educationp. 580
Language and Speech Therapy in a Bilingual Contextp. 584
The Bilingual Classroom
Language Allocation in Bilingual Methodologyp. 586
Bilingual Methodology in Welsh Classroomsp. 592
Literacy among Bilingual Studentsp. 596
The Development of Biliteracyp. 607
Multiculturalism in Education
Multicultural Educationp. 614
Visits and Exchanges to Other Countries and Culturesp. 624
Language Awareness: Knowledge About Languagep. 628
A Critical Awareness of Languagep. 633
Bilingualism and Second Language Acquisition
An Introduction to Second Language Acquisitionp. 635
A Framework of Second Language Acquisitionp. 637
Theories of Second Language Acquisition and Learningp. 642
Krashen's Monitor Modelp. 649
Instrumental and Integrative Motivation and Language Acquisitionp. 651
Aptitude and Becoming Bilingualp. 655
Age and Becoming Bilingualp. 658
Second Language Retentionp. 663
Second Language Learning in Education
Ten Dimensions of Classroom Language Learningp. 665
Foreign and Second Language Learningp. 667
Foreign and Second Language Teaching Approachesp. 670
The Communicative Approachp. 674
Different Modern Language Teaching Approachesp. 681
The Cultural Syllabus and the Multidimensional Language Curriculump. 683
Modern Language Learning and Special Educational Needs Studentsp. 685
Adult Language Learningp. 688
The Ulpan Experience: From Israel to Wales and the Basque Countryp. 693
Glossaryp. 698
Bibliographyp. 708
Photographic Creditsp. 748
Indexp. 751
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781853593628
ISBN-10: 1853593621
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 784
Published: 2000
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 28.52 x 23.06  x 4.98
Weight (kg): 2.99