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Emotions across Languages and Cultures : Diversity and Universals - Anna Wierzbicka

Emotions across Languages and Cultures

Diversity and Universals


Published: 17th January 2000
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In this ground-breaking book, Anna Wierzbicka brings psychological, anthropological and lingusitic insights to bear on our understanding of the way emotions are expressed and experienced in different cultures, languages, and social relations. The expression of emotion in the face, body and modes of speech are all explored and Wierzbicka shows how the bodily expression of emotion varies across cultures and challenges traditional approaches to the study of facial expressions. This book will be invaluable to academics and students of emotion across the social sciences.

Feelings, Languages and Cultures
Emotions or feelings?
Breaking the æhermeneutical circleÆ
æExperience-nearÆ and æexperience-distantÆ concepts
Describing feelings through prototypes
æEmotionsÆ: disruptive episodes or vital forces that mould our lives?
Why words matter
Emotion and culture
The Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) as a tool for cross-cultural analysis
An illustration: æsadnessÆ in English and in Russian
The scope of this book
Defining Emotion Concepts: Discovering æCognitive ScenariosÆ
æSomething good happenedÆ and related concepts
æSomething bad happenedÆ and related concepts
æBad things can happenÆ and related concepts
æI donÆt want things like this to happenÆ and related concepts
Thinking about æsomeone elseÆ
Thinking about ourselves
Concluding remarks
A Case Study of Emotion in Culture: German æAngstÆ
Angst as a peculiarly German concept
HeideggerÆs analysis of angst
Angst in the language of psychology
Angst in everyday language
Defining angst
The German angst in a comparative perspective
LutherÆs influence on the German language
Eschatological anxieties of LutherÆs times
The meaning of angst in LutherÆs writings
Martin LutherÆs inner life and its possible impact on the history of angst
LutherÆs possible role in the shift from angst æafflictionÆ to angst æanxiety/fearÆ
The great social and economic anxieties of LutherÆs times
Uncertainty vs certainty, angst vs sicherheit
Certainty and ordnung
Reading Human Faces
The human face: a æmirrorÆ or a ætoolÆ
From the æpsychology of facial expressionÆ to the æsemantics of facial expressionÆ
æSocialÆ does not mean ævoluntaryÆ
What kind of æmessagesÆ can a face transmit?
Messages are not ædimensionsÆ
æThe face aloneÆ or æthe face in contextÆ?
Analyzing facial behaviour into meaningful components
Summing up the assumptions
In what terms should facial behaviour be described?
Humans and primates: a unified framework for verbal, non-verbal, and preverbal communication
The meaning of eyebrows drawn together
The meaning of æraised eyebrowsÆ
The meaning of the æwide open eyesÆ (with immobile eyebrows)
The meaning of a turned down mouth
The meaning of tightly pressed lips
Conclusion: the what, the how, and the why in reading human faces
Russian Emotional Expression
Emotion and the body
Comparing Emotional Norms across Languages and Cultures: Polish vs Anglo-American
Emotion and culture
The scripts of æsincerityÆ
The scripts of interpersonal æwarmthÆ
The scripts of æspontaneityÆ
Emotional Universals
æEmotional universalsÆ - genuine and spurious
A proposed set of æemotional universalsÆ
Further reading
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521599719
ISBN-10: 0521599717
Series: Studies in Emotion and Social Interaction
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 364
Published: 17th January 2000
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.54