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Emotions across Languages and Cultures : Diversity and Universals - Anna Wierzbicka

Emotions across Languages and Cultures

Diversity and Universals

Hardcover Published: 28th November 1999
ISBN: 9780521590426
Number Of Pages: 362

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In this ground-breaking new book, Anna Wierzbicka brings psychological, anthropological and linguistic insights to bear on our understanding of the way emotions are expressed and experienced in different cultures, languages, and culturally-shaped social relations. The expression of emotion in the face, body and modes of speech are all explored and Wierzbicka shows how the bodily expression of emotion varies across cultures and challenges traditional approaches to the study of facial expressions. As well as offering a new perspective on human emotions based on the analysis of language and ways of talking about emotion, this fascinating and controversial book attempts to identify universals of human emotion by analysing empirical evidence from different languages and cultures. This book will be invaluable to academics and students of emotion across the social sciences.

Introduction
Feelings, Languages and Cultures
Emotions or feelings?
Breaking the æhermeneutical circleÆ
æExperience-nearÆ and æexperience-distantÆ concepts
Describing feelings through prototypes
æEmotionsÆ: disruptive episodes or vital forces that mould our lives?
Why words matter
Emotion and culture
The Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) as a tool for cross-cultural analysis
An illustration: æsadnessÆ in English and in Russian
The scope of this book
Defining Emotion Concepts: Discovering æCognitive ScenariosÆ
æSomething good happenedÆ and related concepts
æSomething bad happenedÆ and related concepts
æBad things can happenÆ and related concepts
æI donÆt want things like this to happenÆ and related concepts
Thinking about æsomeone elseÆ
Thinking about ourselves
Concluding remarks
A Case Study of Emotion in Culture: German æAngstÆ
Angst as a peculiarly German concept
HeideggerÆs analysis of angst
Angst in the language of psychology
Angst in everyday language
Defining angst
The German angst in a comparative perspective
LutherÆs influence on the German language
Eschatological anxieties of LutherÆs times
The meaning of angst in LutherÆs writings
Martin LutherÆs inner life and its possible impact on the history of angst
LutherÆs possible role in the shift from angst æafflictionÆ to angst æanxiety/fearÆ
The great social and economic anxieties of LutherÆs times
Uncertainty vs certainty, angst vs sicherheit
Certainty and ordnung
Conclusion
Reading Human Faces
The human face: a æmirrorÆ or a ætoolÆ
From the æpsychology of facial expressionÆ to the æsemantics of facial expressionÆ
æSocialÆ does not mean ævoluntaryÆ
What kind of æmessagesÆ can a face transmit?
Messages are not ædimensionsÆ
æThe face aloneÆ or æthe face in contextÆ?
Analyzing facial behaviour into meaningful components
Summing up the assumptions
In what terms should facial behaviour be described?
Humans and primates: a unified framework for verbal, non-verbal, and preverbal communication
The meaning of eyebrows drawn together
The meaning of æraised eyebrowsÆ
The meaning of the æwide open eyesÆ (with immobile eyebrows)
The meaning of a turned down mouth
The meaning of tightly pressed lips
Conclusion: the what, the how, and the why in reading human faces
Russian Emotional Expression
Introduction
Emotion and the body
Conclusion
Comparing Emotional Norms across Languages and Cultures: Polish vs Anglo-American
Emotion and culture
The scripts of æsincerityÆ
The scripts of interpersonal æwarmthÆ
The scripts of æspontaneityÆ
Conclusion
Emotional Universals
æEmotional universalsÆ - genuine and spurious
A proposed set of æemotional universalsÆ
Conclusion
Further reading
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521590426
ISBN-10: 0521590426
Series: Studies in Emotion and Social Interaction
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 362
Published: 28th November 1999
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 2.4
Weight (kg): 0.7

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