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Emotion Explained : Series in Affective Science - Edmund T. Rolls

Emotion Explained

Series in Affective Science

Paperback Published: 1st May 2007
ISBN: 9780198570042
Number Of Pages: 626

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What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? This book seeks explanations of emotion by considering these questions.

Emotion continues to be a topic of enormous scientific interest. Emotion Explained describes the nature, functions, and brain mechanisms that underlie both emotion and motivation. However it goes beyond examining brain mechanisms of emotion, by proposing a theory of what emotions are, and an evolutionary, Darwinian, theory of the adaptive value of emotion. It also shows that there is a clear relationship between motivation and emotion. The book also examines how cognitive states can modulate emotions, and in turn, how emotions can influence cognitive states. It considers the role of sexual selection in the evolution of affective behavior. It also examines emotion and decision making, with links to the burgeoning field of neuroeconomics. The book is also unique in considering emotion at several levels- the neurophysiological, neuroimaging, neuropsychological, behavioral, and computational neuroscience levels.

`It should be required reading for all students in behavioural neuroscience, and has sufficient breadth that many of its chapters will be of interest also to experts in neurology, psychology or philosophy.' Ralph Adolphs in Brain

1: Introduction: the issues 1.1: Introduction 1.2: Rewards and punishers 1.3: Approaches to emotion and motivation 1.4: Outline 2: The nature of emotion 2.1: Introduction 2.2: A theory of emotion 2.3: Different emotions 2.4: Refinements of the theory of emotion 2.5: The classification of emotion 2.6: Other theories of emotion 2.7: Individual differences in emotion, personality and emotional intelligence 2.8: Cognition and emotion 2.9: Emotion, motivation, reward and mood 2.10: The concept of emotion 2.11: Advantages of the approach 3: The functions of emotion: reward, punishment and emotion in brain design 3.1: Introduction 3.2: Brain design and the functions of emotion 3.3: Selection of behaviour: cost-benefit 'analysis' 3.4: Further functions of emotion 3.5: The functions of emotion in an evolutionary, Darwinian, context 3.6: The functions of motivation in an evolutionary, Darwinian, context 3.7: Are all goals for action gene-specified? 4: The brain mechanisms underlying emotion 4.1: Introduction 4.2: Overview 4.3: Representations of primary reinforcers 4.4: Representing potential secondary reinforcers 4.5: The orbitofrontal cortex 4.6: The amygdala 4.7: The cingulate cortex 4.8: Human brain imaging investigations of mood and depression 4.9: Output pathways for emotional responses 4.10: Effects of emotion on cognitive processing and memory 4.11: Laterality effects in human emotional processing 4.12: Summary 5: Hunger 5.1: Introduction 5.2: Peripheral signals for hunger and satiety 5.3: The control signals for hunger and satiety 5.4: The brain control of eating and reward 5.5: Obesity, bulimia and anorexia 5.6: Conclusions on reward, affective responses to food, and the control of appetite 6: Thirst 6.1: Introduction 6.2: Cellular stimuli for drinking 6.3: Extracellular thirst stimuli 6.4: Control of normal drinking 6.5: Reward and satiety signals for drinking 6.6: Summary 7: Brain-stimulation reward 7.1: Introduction 7.2: The nature of the reward produced 7.3: The location of brain-stimulation reward sites in the brain 7.4: The effects of brain lesions on intracranial self-stimulation 7.5: The neurophysiology of reward 7.6: Some of the properties of brain-stimulation reward 7.7: Stimulus-bound motivational behaviour 7.8: Conclusions 7.9: Apostasis 8: Pharmacology of emotion, reward and addiction; the basal ganglia 8.1: Introduction 8.2: The noradrenergic hypothesis 8.3: Dopamine and reward 8.4: The basal ganglia 8.5: Opiate reward systems, analgesia, and food reward 8.6: Pharmacology of depression in relation to brain systems involved in emotion 8.7: Pharmacology of anxiety in relation to brain systems involved in emotion 8.8: Cannabinoids 8.9: Overview of behavioural selection and output systems involved in emotion 9: Sexual behaviour, reward and brain function; sexual selection of behaviour 9.1: Introduction 9.2: Mate selection, attractiveness and love 9.3: Parental attachment, care and parent-offspring conflict 9.4: Sperm competition 9.5: Concealed ovulation and its consequences for sexual behaviour 9.6: Sexual selection of sexual and non-sexual behaviour 9.7: Individual differences in sexual rewards 9.8: The neural reward mechanisms that might mediate some aspects of sexual behaviour 9.9: Neural basis of sexual behaviour 9.10: Conclusion 10: Emotional feelings and consciousness: a theory of consciousness 10.1: Introduction 10.2: A theory of consciousness 10.3: Dual routes to action 10.4: Representations 10.5: Discussion 10.6: Conclusions and comparisons 11: Conclusions and broader issues 11.1: Conclusions 11.2: Decision-making 11.3: Emotion and ethics 11.4: Emotion and literature 11.5: Close App A: Neural networks and emotion-related learning App B: Reward reversal in the orbitofrontal cortex - a model

ISBN: 9780198570042
ISBN-10: 019857004X
Series: Series in Affective Science
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 626
Published: 1st May 2007
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.0 x 16.7  x 2.7
Weight (kg): 1.2