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Emergent Evolution : Qualitative Novelty and the Levels of Reality - David Blitz

Emergent Evolution

Qualitative Novelty and the Levels of Reality

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Published: 30th April 1992
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Emergent evolution combines three separate but related claims, whose background, origin, and development I trace in this work: firstly, that evolution is a universal process of change, one which is productive of qualitative novelties; secondly, that qualitative novelty is the emergence in a system of a property not possessed by any of its parts; and thirdly, that reality can be analyzed into levels, each consisting of systems characterized by significant emergent properties. In part one I consider the background to emergence in the 19th century discussion of the philosophy of evolution among its leading exponents in England - Charles Darwin, Herbert Spencer, T. H. Huxley, Alfred Russel Wallace, and G. J. Romanes. Unlike the scientific aspect of the debate which aimed to determine the factors and causal mechanism of biological evolution, this aspect of the debate centered on more general problems which form what I call the "philosophical framework for evolutionary theory." This considers the status of continuity and discontinuity in evolution, the role of qualitative and quantitative factors in change, the relation between the organic and the inorganic, the relation between the natural and the supernatural, the mind-body problem, and the scope of evolution, including its extension to ethics and morals.

Introduction
The Background to Emergent Evolution
The Framework for Evolutionary Theory
Philosophy of Evolution
Monism and Epiphenomenalism
Evolution and the Supernatural
Evolution of Mind
Lloyd Morgan's Formative Period
Influences on Lloyd Morgan
Lloyd Morgan's Creative Synthesis
Lloyd Morgan's System of Emergent Evolution
The Debate over Emergent Evolution
Other Systems of Emergent Evolution
Systems Related to Emergent Evolution
Critical Reaction to Emergent Evolution
Further Discussion of Emergent Evolution
Conclusion
Notes
Bibliography
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792316589
ISBN-10: 0792316584
Series: EPISTEME
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 241
Published: 30th April 1992
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.5
Weight (kg): 1.19