This book examines the elites who have striven to dominate, exploit, or change the structures of power in modern Spain. For much of the 20th century, Spain has seethed with intense conflict between Catholics and anti-clericals, landowners and peasants, workers and industrialists, centralists and regionalists, liberal democrats and authoritarian soldiers. Periods of outright violence - 1917-1923 and 1936-1939 - have been followed by repressive dictatorships. Yet even under Primo de Rivera and Franco, the struggle continued over how, why, and by whom political, social, and economic power should be exercised. The contributors, friends and pupils of Sir Raymond Carr, have drawn on the latest research to provide studies of diverse individuals and groups: generals, bishops, entrepreneurs, rural grandees, Falangists and Socialists, reformers and revolutionaries. Their essays explore important issues of authority and legitimacy in Spain's turbulent development throughout the 20th century.
The contributors include: Malcolm Deas, Frances Lannon, Juan Pablo Fusi, Joseph Harrison, Shlomo Ben-Ami, Timothy Rees, Mary Vincent, Helen Graham, Burnett Bolloten, George Esenwein, Martin Blinkhorn, Paul Preston, Sebastion Balfour, Charles Powell, Santos Julia and Robert A. McNeill.
`While historical in scope and method, this perceptive volume has something to offer political scientists interested in modern Spain.'
`To a large extent, they [the essays] reflect their respective authors particular specializations, yet they also present a coherent and comprehensive panorama of the period.'
Sheelagh Ellwood, History Today
'elegant little Festschrift ... Quality is uniformly high, without a single weak contribution, which is unusual for this kind of volume ... these eight studies comprise a distinctive book that can be strongly recommended for the understanding of the extreme right, the military and the Axis connection during the long history of the Franco regime.'
Stanley G. Payne, University of Wisconsin-Madison, European History Quarterly
'Rarely ... can a historian have been more deserving of celebration in a work such as that now published by Frances Lannon and Paul Preston on the manner in which different élites have responded to change. Most of the contributors having been his students, the insight and vigour of this work form a fitting tribute to Sir Raymond Carr.'
Charles Esdaile, Bulletin of Hispanic Studies, Volume LXIX, Number 3, July 1992
Contributors: Malcolm Deas, Frances Lannon, Juan Pablo Fusi Aizpurua, Joseph Harrison, Shlomo Ben-Ami, Timothy Rees, Mary Vincent, Helen Graham, Burnett Bolloten, George Esenwein, Martin Blinkhorn, Paul Preston, Sebastian Balfour, Charles Powell, Santos Julia, and Robert A. McNeill.
Notes on contributors; Approaches to the history of Spain; An elite of grace: The Spanish bishops in the twentieth century; Centre and periphery 1900-1936: National integration and regional nationalisms reconsidered; The Catalan industrial elite 1898-1923; The crisis of the dynastic elite in the transition from monarchy to republic 1929-1931; The political mobilization of landowners in the province of Badajoz 1931-1933; The politicization of Catholic women in Salamanca 1931-1936; The eclipse
of the Socialist Left 1934-1937; Anarchists in government: A paradox of the Spanish Civil War 1936-1939; Elites in search of masses: The traditionalist communion and the Carlist party 1937-1982; Decay,
division, and the defence of dictatorship: The military and politics 1939-1975; From warriors to functionaries: The Falangist syndical elite 1939-1976; The 'Tacito' group and the transition to democracy 1973-1977; The ideological conversion of the leaders of the PSOE 1976-1979; Sir Raymond Carr: A bibliography 1945-1988; Index