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Eleventh International Seaweed Symposium : Proceedings of the Eleventh International Seaweed Symposium, held in Qingdao, People's Republic of China, June 19-25, 1983 - Carolyn J. Bird

Eleventh International Seaweed Symposium

Proceedings of the Eleventh International Seaweed Symposium, held in Qingdao, People's Republic of China, June 19-25, 1983

By: Carolyn J. Bird (Editor), Mark A. Ragan (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th November 1984
ISBN: 9789061937739
Number Of Pages: 624

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`This is a useful and interesting volume for anyone involved in teaching or research in phycology, or in the commercial exploitation of marine algae... It should certainly be available widely in institutional libraries.' Australian Journal of Ecology, 12 (1987) `For hydrobiologists interested in applied research on marine algae this volume is a `must'.' Hydrobiological Bulletin, 19:1 (1985)

Opening addresses.- J. McLachlan, Chairman, International Seaweed Association.- Zeng Chengkui (C. K. Tseng), Chairman, National Committee, XIth International Seaweed Symposium.- Feng De-pei, Vice President, Academia Sinica.- Lu Hong, Vice-Governor, Shandong Provincial Government.- Zang Kun, Mayor, City of Qingdao.- One: Plenary Lectures.- Phycological research in the development of the Chinese seaweed industry.- Polyelectrolytes from seaweeds.- Seaweeds in pharmaceutical studies and applications.- Two: Mini Symposia - Special Topic Sessions.- Taxonomy of Gracilaria.- Taxanomy of Gracilaria: Evaluation of some aspects of reproductive structure.- Taxonomic features used in discriminating some central and eastern Pacific species of Gracilaria.- An evaluation of some vegetative features and some interesting problems in Japanese populations of Gracilaria.- Taxonomic criteria in the genus Gracilaria Grev. (Rhodophyta): An experience with the western Atlantic species.- Some problems in the taxonomy of Chinese species of Gracilaria (Rhodophyta).- Cultivation biology of Gracilaria.- Seasonal reproduction and abundance of six sympatric species of Gracilaria Grev. (Gracilariaceae; Rhodophyta) on a Carribean subtidal sand plain.- Cultivation of Gracilaria by means of low rafts.- Managing wild crops of Gracilaria in central Chile.- Strain selection and physiology in the development of Gracilaria mariculture.- Utilization of seaweeds and their products.- Technical aspects of nori (Porphyra) cultivation and quality preservation of nori products in Japan today.- Utilization of burst algal meal as feed for domestic animals and fowls.- The utilization of wakame (Undaria pinnatifida) in Japan and manufacture of 'haiboshi wakame' and some of its biochemical and physical properties.- Separation of antioxygenic (antioxidant) compounds from marine algae.- Production and utilization of microalgae.- The mass culture of Dunaliella salina for fine chemicals: From laboratory to pilot plant.- Mass culture of microalgae in aquaculture systems: Progress and constraints.- Algae in medicine and pharmacology.- Antimicrobial and cytotoxic terpenoids from tropical green algae of the family U doteaceae.- Pharmacological properties of a marine natural product, stypoldione, obtained from the brown alga Stypopodium zonale.- Antitumor activity of edible marine algae: Effect of crude fucoidan fractions prepared from edible brown seaweeds against L-1210 leukemia.- Hypocholesterolemic effect of seaweeds on rats.- Chinese seaweeds in herbal medicine.- GABA-mimetic molecules from Porphyra (Rhodophyta) induce metamorphosis of Haliotis (Gastropoda) larvae.- Antimicrobial activity from marine algae: Results of a large-scale screening programme.- Studies on the biologically active compounds of the algae from the Yellow Sea.- Chemistry of agars and carrageenans.- Properties of Gracilaria agars.- Biochemical and immunochemical analysis of carrageenans of the Gigartinaceae and Phyllophoraceae.- Conformations of ?-carrageenan in solution.- Biology of Acetabularia.- Behavior of tritium in the marine environment: Uptake and distribution of tritiated water and of tritiated organic compounds in unicellular and multicellular algae.- The apicobasal differentiation of the chloroplast population in Acetabularia: In vivo gradient of DNA synthesis.- The effects of blue and red light on the trans cellular electrical potential, cytoplasmic streaming and rRNA transport in Acetabularia acetabulum.- Culture of Acetabularia calyculus from the South China Sea.- Three: Contributed Papers.- Morphology, taxonomy and life histories.- Developmental studies on cultured endolithic conchocelis (Rhodophyta).- Studies on the morphology of conchocelis of Porphyra katadai var. hemiphylla and related species.- Ultrastructural studies on the reproductive organs of Porphyra haitanensis T. J. Chang et B. F. Zheng.- The surface ultrastructure and epithallium shedding of crustose coralline algae in an 'Isoyake' area of southwestern Hokkaido, Japan.- Cell wall thickenings in the taxonomy of Chondria and Husseyella (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) from southern Australia.- Studies on the lime-boring algae of China. 1: A preliminary report on lime-boring algae of the Xisha Islands.- A new aspect of Ulva vegetation along the Japanese coast.- The life history of Gloeophycus koreanum I. K. Lee & Yoo (Rhodophyta, Gloiosiphoniaceae) in culture.- Cultivation - Techniques and applications.- Eucheuma of Taiwan - Emphasizing its mariculture potential.- The commercial cultivation of Eucheuma in China.- The potential for Gracilaria farming in Thailand.- Cultivation of seamoss (Gracilaria) in St. Lucia, West Indies. A preliminary report.- A preliminary study of raft cultivation of Gracilaria verrucosa and Gracilaria sjoestedtii.- The ecological characteristics of monospores of Porphyra yezoensis Ueda and their use in cultivation.- Studies on the artificial cultivation and propagation of giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera).- Studies on Undaria pinnatifida.- Cultivation of Laminaria saccharina in the New York Marine Biomass Program.- Marine biomass: A long-term methane supply option.- Mass culture of brackish-water-adapted seaweeds in sewage-enriched seawater. I: Productivity and nutrient accumulation.- Mass culture of brackish-water-adapted seaweeds in sewage-enriched seawater. II: Fermentation for biogas production.- Seaweed cultivation for phycocolloid in the Mediterranean.- The performance of Chondrus crispus (Irish moss) in laboratory simulations of environments in different locations.- Cultivation biology of Gracilaria tikvahiae in the United States.- Biology and economics of growing seaweeds on land in a film culture.- Growth in culture of four red algae from Norway with potential for mariculture.- Vegetative propagation of Porphyra perforata.- Studies on tissue culture of Laminaria japonica and Undaria pinnatifida.- Some genetic features revealed from culturing the haploid cells of kelps.- Studies on the preparation and on the properties of sea snail enzymes.- Resources and management.- Measuring growth, production, and yield of the giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera.- Studies on Nereocystis growth in British Columbia, Canada.- Intraspecific competition and the management of the Bristol Bay herring-roe-on-kelp fishery.- A quantitative survey of the harvestable intertidal seaweed on the west coast of Ireland.- Dragrake harvesting intensity in Irish moss (Chondrus crispus Stackh.) beds in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence.- The red algal genus Eucheuma (Gigartinales, Solieriaceae) in East Africa: An underexploited resource.- Marine phycoculture and its impact on the seaweed colloid industry.- FAO interests in promoting understanding of world seaweed resources, their optimal harvesting, and fishery and ecological interactions.- Ecology.- Partitioning of nutrient uptake between annual and perennial seaweeds in a Baltic archipelago area.- The benthic algal vegetation of the Snaefellsnes Peninsula, southwest Iceland.- Analysis of seaweed communities in a disturbed rocky intertidal environment near Whites Point, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.A..- Effects of diesel oil on recolonization of benthic algae.- Effects of treated municipal wastewater on the early development of sargassaceous plants.- Studies on the regenerative ability of the brown algae Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt and Sargassum tortile C. Agardh.- How many eggs will be discharged from the plant of Sargassum horneri?.- Reproductive phenology of newly introduced populations of the brown alga, Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt.- Observation on the floating seaweeds of near-shore waters of southern Japan.- Settlement of germlings in ten fucalean species.- Influences of macronutrients and water temperatures on summertime survival of Macrocystis canopies.- The effects of harvesting Macrocystis pyrifera on the algal assemblage in a giant kelp forest.- Potential production of the aquatic forest-forming brown alga, Ecklonia cava Kjellman, calculated from individual year classes.- Influence of an aqueous extract of a mineral oil on phototaxis of gametes and zoospores and on germination of the zygotes of Ulva pertusa (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta).- The importance of substrate type in colonization by Cryptonemia hibernica Guiry et Irvine its associated algae.- Fouling organisms and pathology.- Studies on algal foulants in the coastal waters of China.- Crustose coralline algae as fouling organisms on North Sea oil installations.- Algal blooms and their effects on fishing in the English Channel.- Studies on the green disease of Porphyra haitanensis Chang & Zheng caused nitrogen deficiency.- Physiology.- The effects of light on the growth and development of giant kelp.- Carbonic system-incident energy relationship in Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) tank culture.- Studies on H2 evolution Spirulina platensis.- Morphological and physiological responses of Macrocystis pyrifera to nitrate enrichment.- Utilization of ammonium-nitrogen by Porphyra yezoensis and Gracilaria verrucosa.- Effects of 4-iodophenoxyacetic acid on the growth and development of gametophytes and young sporophytes of Laminaria and its application in culturing summer sporelings.- Changes in protosplasmic and vacuolar volume during osmotic adaptation and ion compartmentation in Porphyra umbilicalis.- The relationship between the resistance of intertidal marine benthic algae against osmotic shock and their content of soluble carbohydrates.- Location of carrageenan and incorporation of 35SO42? into sulfur amino acids in the red alga Chondrus crispus.- Iron reduction juvernile Macrocystis pyrifera (L.) C. Agardh.- Studies on phenol content and heavy metal uptake in fucoids.- Chemical composition and properties.- Binding of inorganic elements to kelp residues.- Character of each element on its distribution in seaweeds.- The protein value in human nutrition of edible marine algae in Japan.- Screening for antimicrobial activities in marine algae from the Qingdao coast, China.- Antifungal and antibacterial screening of Dictyotales from the French Mediterranean coast.- Screening of Argentine marine algae for antimicrobial activity.- Antitumor evaluation of marine algae in Argentina.- An antitumor fucoidan fraction from an edible brown seaweed, Laminaria religiosa.- Phycocolloid screening of British Columbia red algae.- Phycocolloid ecology of underutilized economic red algae.- Preliminary study on the alginate contents of Sargassum spp. in Balibago, Calatagan, Philippines.- The yield and properties of agar extracted from different life stages of Gracilaria verrucosa.- Chemical structure and characterization.- Studies on the M:G ratios in alginate.- Isolation of water-soluble alginate from brown algae.- Enzymatic analysis of carrageenans: Structure of carrageenan from Eucheuma nudum.- Studies on the polysaccharide of Eucheuma. III: Effects of alkali metal ions on the solution properties and gel structures of the polysaccharide from Eucheuma gelatinae.- Porphyran primary structure.- ?-Agarases from Pseudomonas atlantica.- Studies on urease extracted from Ulva lactuca.- Glutamata dehydrogenase of Porphyra yezoensis.- Spectroscopic behavior of biliprotein from Porphyra tenera upon denaturation with urea and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS).- Isolation and characterization of R-phycocyanin from Polysiphonia urceolata.- High-molecular-weight phloroglucinol-based tannins from bown algae: Structural variants.- Isolation and characterization of the chloroplast DNA of Macrocystis integrifolia.- Author index.- Chemical components index.- Taxonomic index.

ISBN: 9789061937739
ISBN-10: 9061937736
Series: Developments in Hydrobiology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 624
Published: 30th November 1984
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 3.51
Weight (kg): 1.41