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Electric Power Systems : A Conceptual Introduction - Alexandra Von Meier

Electric Power Systems

A Conceptual Introduction

Hardcover Published: 11th July 2006
ISBN: 9780471178590
Number Of Pages: 328

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A clear explanation of the technology for producing and delivering electricity<br> <br> <br> Electric Power Systems explains and illustrates how the electric grid works in a clear, straightforward style that makes highly technical material accessible. It begins with a thorough discussion of the underlying physical concepts of electricity, circuits, and complex power that serves as a foundation for more advanced material. Readers are then introduced to the main components of electric power systems, including generators, motors and other appliances, and transmission and distribution equipment such as power lines, transformers, and circuit breakers. The author explains how a whole power system is managed and coordinated, analyzed mathematically, and kept stable and reliable.<br> <br> Recognizing the economic and environmental implications of electric energy production and public concern over disruptions of service, this book exposes the challenges of producing and delivering electricity to help inform public policy decisions. Its discussions of complex concepts such as reactive power balance, load flow, and stability analysis, for example, offer deep insight into the complexity of electric grid operation and demonstrate how and why physics constrains economics and politics.<br> <br> Although this survival guide includes mathematical equations and formulas, it discusses their meaning in plain English and does not assume any prior familiarity with particular notations or technical jargon. Additional features include:<br> * A glossary of symbols, units, abbreviations, and acronyms<br> * Illustrations that help readers visualize processes and better understand complex concepts<br> * Detailed analysis of a case study, including a Web reference to the case, enabling readers to test the consequences of manipulating various parameters<br> <br> With its clear discussion of how electric grids work, Electric Power Systems is appropriate for a broad readership of professionals, undergraduate and graduate students, government agency managers, environmental advocates, and consumers.

Preface
The Physics of Electricity.
Basic Quantities
Introduction
Charge
Potential or Voltage
Ground
Conductivity
Current
Ohm's law
Resistance
Conductance
Insulation
Circuit Fundamentals
Static Charge
Electric Circuits
Voltage Drop
Electric Shock
Resistive Heating
Calculating Resistive Heating
Transmission Voltage and Resistive Losses
Electric and Magnetic Fields
The Field as a Concept
Electric Fields
Magnetic Fields
Electromagnetic Induction
Electromagnetic Fields and Health Effects
Electromagnetic Radiation
Basic Circuit Analysis.
Modeling Circuits
Series and Parallel Circuits
Resistance in Series
Resistance in Parallel
Network Reduction
Practical Aspects
Kirchhoff's Laws
Kirchhoff's Voltage Law
Kirchhoff's Current Law
Application to Simple Circuits
The Superposition Principle
Magnetic Circuits
AC Power.
Alternating Current and Voltage
Historical Notes
Mathematical Description
The rms Value
Reactance
Inductance
Capacitance
Impedance
Admittance
Power
Definition of Electric Power
Complex Power
The Significance of Reactive Power
Phasor Notation
Phasors as Graphics
Phasors as Exponentials
Operations with Phasors
Generators.
The Simple Generator
The Synchronous Generator
Basic Components and Functioning
Other Design Aspects
Operational Control of Synchronous Generators
Single Generator: Real Power
Single Generator: Reactive Power
Multiple Generators: Real Power
Multiple Generators: Reactive Power
Operating Limits
The Induction Generator
General Characteristics
Electromagnetic Characteristics
Inverters
Loads.
Resistive Loads
Motors
Electronic Devices
Load from the System Perspective
Coincident and Noncoincident Demand
Load Profiles and Load Duration Curve
Single- and Multiphase Connections
Transmission and Distribution.
System Structure
Historical Notes
Structural Features
Sample Diagram
Topology
Loop Flow
Stations and Substations
Reconfiguring the System
Three-Phase Transmission
Rationale for Three Phases
Balancing Loads
Delta and Wye Connections
Per-Phase Analysis
Three-Phase Power
D.C. Transmission
Transformers
General Properties
Transformer Heating
Delta and Wye Transformers
Characteristics of Power Lines
Conductors
Towers, Insulators, and Other Components
Loading
Thermal Limits
Stability Limit
Voltage Control
Protection
Basics of Protection and Protective Devices
Protection Coordination
Power Flow Analysis.
Introduction
The Power Flow Problem
Network Representation
Choice of Variables
Types of Buses
Variables for Balancing Real Power
Variables for Balancing Reactive Power
The Slack Bus
Summary of Variables
Example with Interpretation of Results
Six-Bus Example
Tweaking the Case
Conceptualizing Power Flow
Power Flow Equations and Solution Methods
Derivation of Power Flow Equations
Solution Methods
Decoupled Power Flow
Applications and Optimal Power Flow
System Performance.
Reliability
Measures of Reliability
Valuation of Reliability
Security
Stability
The Concept of Stability
Steady-State Stability
Dynamic Stability
Voltage Stability
Power Quality
Voltage
Frequency
Waveform
System Operation, Management, and New Technology.
Operation and Control on Different Time Scales
The Scale of a Cycle
The Scale of Real-Time Operation
The Scale of Scheduling
The Planning Scale
New Technology
Storage
Distributed Generation
Automation
FACTS
Human Factors
Operators and Engineers
Cognitive Representations of Power Systems
Operational Criteria
Implications for Technological Innovation
Implications for Restructuring
Appendix: Symbols, Units, Abbreviations, and Acronyms.
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780471178590
ISBN-10: 0471178594
Series: Wiley Survival Guides in Engineering and Science
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 328
Published: 11th July 2006
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.1 x 16.4  x 2.2
Weight (kg): 0.6