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El Nino : Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation - Henry F. Diaz

El Nino

Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation

By: Henry F. Diaz (Editor), Vera Markgraf (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 26th February 1993
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The El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon is a recurrent feature of the climate in tropical regions. A primary example of large scale coupled ocean-atmosphere interactions, ENSO has received much attention in past years, as a result of widespread climatic anomalies (severe drought and floods, Indian monsoon failure, etc.) that are often associated with the development of such episodes. To enhance our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the low frequency behavior of ENSO and to help improve our ability to forecast the future behavior of this phenomenon, we have combined analysis of the modern aspects of ENSO morphology, modelling and variability with chapters dealing with its historical and prehistorical behavior. this volume examines different approaches to reconstructing ENSO based on a variety of proxy sources. It also illustrates how, in the past, the climatic manifestations associated with ENSO may have been different, in the frequency of occurrence as well as amplitude. This 1993 book will be of importance to all professional scientists and researchers in climatology, meteorology and the earth and environmental sciences, while graduate students in these disciplines will find the book a useful reference source.

Introduction
ENSO in the Modern Record
Atmospheric teleconnections associated with the extreme phase of the Southern Oscillation
El Nino/Southern Oscillation and streamflow in the western United States
Coupled climate model simulation of El Nino/Southern Oscillation: implications for paleoclimate
Use of Historical Records in ENSO Reconstructions
Historical and prehistorical overview of El Nino/Southern Oscillation
A study of Southern Oscillation-related climatic activity for A.D. 622-1990 incorporating Nile River flood data
Historical El Nino/Southern Oscillation variability in the Australasian region
A comparison of Southern Oscillation and El Nino signals in the tropics
Long-term changes in the frequency of occurrence of El Nino events
Paleoclimate Reconstructions of El Nino/Southern Oscillation from
Using three rings to study past El Nino/Southern Oscillation influences on climate
An index of the Southern Oscillation reconstructed from western North American tree-ring chronologies
Spectral properties of tree-ring data in the United States Southwest as related to El Nino/Southern Oscillation
A tree-ring reconstruction of New Mexico winter precipitation and its relation to El Nino/Southern Oscillation events
Temporal patterns of El Nino/Southern Oscillation - wildfire teleconnections in the southwestern United States
Secular variability of the Southern Oscillation detected in tree-ring data from Mexico and the southern United States
Records from Ice Cores and Corals
Reconstructing interannual climate variability from tropical and subtropical ice-core records
A comparison of proxy records of El Nino/Southern Oscillation
Coral monitors of El Nino/Southern Oscillation dynamics across the equatorial Pacific
Low-resolution Paleoclimate Reconstruction of El Nino/Southern Oscillation: Marine and Terrestrial Proxy Indicators
Fishery catch records, El Nino/Southern Oscillation, and longer-term climate change as inferred from fish remains in marine sediments
Long-term changes in El Nino/Southern Oscillation: evidence from marine and lacustrine sediments
El Nino/Southern Oscillation climatic variability in Australasian and South American paleoenvironmental records
Synthesis and future prospects
Index.
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521430425
ISBN-10: 0521430429
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 492
Published: 26th February 1993
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 2.7
Weight (kg): 1.07