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Effective Inquiry for Innovative Engineering Design : From Basic Principles to Applications - Ozgur Eris

Effective Inquiry for Innovative Engineering Design

From Basic Principles to Applications

Hardcover Published: 31st January 2004
ISBN: 9781402077173
Number Of Pages: 154

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Effective Inquiry for Innovative Engineering Design presents empirical evidence for this claim. It demonstrates a unique attribute of design thinking by identifying and characterizing a class of questions called "Generative Design Questions". These questions are frequently asked by designers in dialog. Their use constitutes a fundamental cognitive mechanism in design thinking. Their discovery stems from another finding of the work: a conceptual duality between questions and decisions that is engraved deep within the design process.
This duality challenges a view that treats designing as decision making. Decisions form the tip of the iceberg; Questions keep it afloat: Can an effective decision making process be performed without having high quality information? Can high quality information be acquired and generated without performing an effective inquiry process? The answer to both questions is no, and underscores the importance of our quest to better understand the role of inquiry in design.

Preface
Introduction
Why Study Question Asking?
Why Study Design Cognition?
Research Questions and Approach
Question Asking: A Fundamental Dimension in Design Thinking
Contemporary Topics in Design Research
The Question-Decision Duality
Learning from Existing Taxonomies of Questions
Development of a Taxonomy that is Comprehensive of the Questions Asked while Designing
Context for the Observations on the Nature of Questions Asked While Designing
Definition of a Question
An Argument for the Search for the "Possible" and Its Characterization as Question Categories
Comparison of the Taxonomic Approaches
Hypothesis Generation in the Field: Shadowing the Design Team
Grounded Principle for Hypotheses Generation
Context of the Preliminary Observations
Two Techniques for Capturing Design Activity in the Field and Generating Hypothesis
Findings of the Field Research
Designing the Intervention: Differentiating Designing from Problem Solving
Deriving Requirements for the Design Experiment
Addressing the Requirements
Meeting the Requirements: The Pilot Experiment
Learning from the Pilot Experiments: "Good" Questions and Discoveries
Improving the Experimental Methodology
Augmenting the Hypotheses: Discovery Making as another Internal Performance Metric
Refining the Hypotheses: Characterization of a "Good" Question
The Augmented Hypotheses
Conducting the Redesigned Experiment: Putting the Question Asking Aspect of Design Cognition under the Microscope
Data Collection and Analysis Procedures
Data Analysis and Results
Revisiting the Hypotheses
Synthesizing a Question-centric Design Thinking Model
Question Asking as a Process
Question Asking as Creative Negotiation
Question Asking as a Mechanism for Managing Convergent and Divergent Thinking Modes
Implications of the Verified Hypotheses
A Question-Centric Design Thinking Model
Potential Applications of the Design Thinking Model
Appendix
References
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402077173
ISBN-10: 1402077173
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 154
Published: 31st January 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.92