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Edward Sapir : Linguist, Anthropologist, Humanist - Regna Darnell

Edward Sapir

Linguist, Anthropologist, Humanist

Paperback Published: 1st July 2010
ISBN: 9780803224377
Number Of Pages: 520
For Ages: 8 - 12 years old

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This first full-scale biography of Edward Sapir (1884-1939) does justice to the life and ideas of the most distinguished linguist of Boasian anthropology, who contributed substantially to the professionalization of linguistics as an independent discipline. Sapir was the first to apply comparative Indo-European methods to the study of American Indian languages, pursuing fieldwork on more than twenty of them. His theoretical work on the relationship between the individual personality and culture remains a major part of culture theory in anthropology, as does his insistence on the symbolic nature of culture and the importance of culture as understood and articulated by its members. The first professional anthropologist in Canada and teacher of a whole generation of North American linguists and anthropologists at Chicago and Yale, Sapir also wrote poetry and literary criticism. He insisted on the humanistic nature of anthropology and was the most articulate spokesman for the interdisciplinary social science of the late 1920s and 1930s. All the richness and diversity of Sapir's relatively short life are conveyed by Regna Darnell in an engrossing narrative that combines profound knowledge of her subject with historical reconstruction.

Industry Reviews

"Darnell has made a major contribution to the history of anthropology, and her work is likely to remain the definitive one."-L. Kimball, Choice -- L. Kimball * Choice *
"This complex biography of Edward Sapir's life and ideas offers fresh insights, opens up further avenues of inquiry, and challenges us to ask new questions."-Barrik Van Winkle, American Indian Quarterly -- Barrik Van Winkle * American Indian Quarterly *
"A revealing account of Sapir's professional career and, from that perspective, his role in the history of linguistics and anthropology in North America."-Ward H. Goodenough, American Anthropologist
-- Ward H. Goodenough * American Anthropologist *
"[Darnell has] drawn a fine, full picture of Sapir, dissolving a mythic image in a real life. It is an excellent biography and a major contribution to the history of the profession."-Richard J. Preston, American Ethnologist
-- Richard J. Preston * American Ethnologist *

Introductionp. v
Prefacep. xx
The Early Yearsp. 1
Columbia Universityp. 5
The Undergraduate Yearsp. 6
The Graduate Yearsp. 11
Apprenticeshipp. 16
Californiap. 24
The University of Pennsylvaniap. 29
False Startsp. 38
Ottawa: Maturity and Independencep. 44
Organizing Anthropological Research in Canadap. 49
Public Affairsp. 55
The Tribulations of Museum Anthropologyp. 60
The Ottawa Research Teamp. 65
Sapir's Ottawa Fieldworkp. 74
Ishi: A Brief Return to Californiap. 79
World War I and Its Aftermathp. 82
Synthesizing the Boasian Paradigmp. 87
The Phonetics Reportp. 88
Time Perspectivep. 91
Language: The Public Statementp. 96
The Classification of American Indian Languagesp. 107
The Beginnings of the Classificatory Maniap. 110
The Radin Fiascop. 118
The Six-Unit Classificationp. 121
The Indo-Chinese Hypothesisp. 126
Reorientation toward Psychologyp. 132
Family and Personal Problemsp. 133
Early Contacts with Psychologyp. 137
Kroeber: Psychoanalysis and the Superorganicp. 143
Experiments in Aestheticsp. 151
Musicp. 152
An Experiment with the Aesthetics of Designp. 158
Poetryp. 159
Ottawa Intellectual and Social Lifep. 164
The Effects of Warp. 165
Psychologizing Boasian Anthropologyp. 171
Ruth Benedictp. 172
Margaret Meadp. 183
Escape form Ottawap. 189
Boasian Machinations at Columbiap. 193
Sapir's Appointment at Chicagop. 195
The Continued Lure of Columbiap. 201
The University of Chicago: A New Startp. 202
The University of Chicagop. 210
Chicago Sociologyp. 212
Sapir and the Chicago Sociologistsp. 213
Rockefeller Foundation Funding in Chicagop. 218
Chicago Anthropologyp. 223
The Anthropological Fiefdomp. 225
Sapir's Teaching at Chicagop. 230
Sapir's Commitment to Athabaskanp. 238
Collaboration with Father Berard Hailep. 242
The Southwest Laboratory of Anthropologyp. 243
Publishing Navajo Textsp. 247
The Bureau of Indian Affairsp. 252
The Professionalization of Linguisticsp. 262
The Linguistic Society of Americap. 263
The Linguistic Institutesp. 265
Leonard Bloomfieldp. 268
IALA and English Semanticsp. 272
The Committee on American Indian Languagesp. 277
Interdisciplinary Social Sciencep. 288
Harry Stack Sullivanp. 289
Harold Lasswellp. 295
The Social Science Research Councilp. 297
The Hanover Conferencesp. 299
Sapir's American Indian Acculturation Projectp. 302
The SSRC Committee on Personality and Culturep. 306
Organizing Social Science Research and Trainingp. 309
The First Colloquiump. 309
The Second Colloquiump. 312
The National Research Councilp. 319
The NRC Culture and Personality Conferencep. 320
The NRC Subcommittee on Training Fellowshipsp. 322
The Impact Seminar: The Call to Yalep. 327
The Call to Columbiap. 329
The Frank Seminar Proposalp. 332
John Dollardp. 334
Selection of the Fellowsp. 335
The Program of the Seminarp. 336
Results of the Impact Seminarp. 342
The Academic Program at Yale: Anthropologyp. 345
Yale Students in Ethnologyp. 353
The Academic Program at Yale: Linguisticsp. 359
Sapir's Return to Indo-Europeanp. 365
The First Yale School of Linguisticsp. 365
Whorf and the Linguistic Relativity Hypothesisp. 375
The Yale Institute of Human Relationsp. 383
The Medical School Alternativep. 391
Dollard's Realignment with the IHRp. 394
Denuementp. 398
Sapir's Relation to Judaismp. 398
Illness and Retreatp. 406
Sapir's Initial Illnessp. 408
The Sapir-Sullivan-Lasswell Research Institutep. 412
The Final Illnessp. 414
Responses to Sapir's Deathp. 415
Notesp. 421
Abbreviationsp. 437
Archival Documentsp. 437
Institutional Abbreviationsp. 438
Journal Abbreviationsp. 439
Bibliographyp. 441
References Citedp. 441
Complete Bibliography of Edward Sapirp. 457
Indexp. 475
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780803224377
ISBN-10: 0803224370
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 8 - 12 years old
For Grades: 3 - 7
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 520
Published: 1st July 2010
Publisher: University of Nebraska Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.7