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Educating Citizens : International Perspectives on Civic Values and School Choice - Patrick J. Wolf

Educating Citizens

International Perspectives on Civic Values and School Choice


Published: 1st August 2004
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In the wake of the Supreme Courts landmark ruling upholding school choice, policymakers across the country are grappling with the challenge of funding and regulating private schools. Towns, cities, and states are experimenting with a variety of policies, including vouchers, tax credits, and charter schools. Meanwhile, public officials and citizens continue to debate the issues at the heart of the matter: Why should the government regulate education? Who should do the regulating? How should private schools be regulated, and how much? These questions represent new terrain for many policymakers in the United States. Europe and Canada, however, have struggled with these issues for decades or, in some cases, even a century or more. In this groundbreaking volume, scholars from Europe and the United States come together to ask what Americans can learn from other countries experience with publicly funded educational choice. This experience is both extensive and varied. In England and Wales, parents play a significant role in selecting the schools their children will attend. In the Netherlands and much of Belgium, most students attend religious schools at government expense. In Canada, France and Germany, state-financed school choice is limited to circumstances that serve particular social and governmental needs. In Italy, school choice has just recently arrived on the policy agenda. In analyzing these cases, the authors focus on how school choice policies have shaped and been shaped by civic values such as tolerance, civic cohesion, and integration across class, religious, and racial lines. They explore the systems of regulation, accountability, and control that accompany public funding, ranging from the testing-based mechanisms of Alberta to the more intrusive inspection systems of Britain, Germany, and France. And they discuss the relevance of these experiences for the United States. These essays illuminate many ways in which the public interest in education may be preserved or even enhanced in an era of increased parental choice. Based on a wealth of experience and expertise, Educating Citizens will aid policymakers and citizens as they consider historic changes in American public education policy.

" Educating Citizens provides a rich, panoramic view of how the American approach to school choice compares with that of other diverse, liberal democracies. The book's unusual mixture of detailed description and normative assessments by leading social scientist, lawyers, and policy analysts is required reading for anyone interested in educational innovation and in the roles of church, state, and civil society in creating democratic citizens." --Peter Schuck, Yale University and New York University Law Schools "As Mark Twain reportedly observed about the weather, everyone complains about the lack of comparative education research but no one does much about it. Wolf and Macedo have, to excellent effect. Drawing lessons is difficult here --no European nation has the U.S. racial history or legacy --but this careful and imaginative effort will greatly benefit policymakers and citizens alike." --Jennifer Hochschild, Harvard University

Prefacep. ix
Introduction: School Choice, Civic Values, and Problems of Policy Comparisonp. 1
Country Case Studies
Regulating School Choice to Promote Civic Values: Constitutional and Political Issues in the Netherlandsp. 31
Private Schools as Public Provision for Education: School Choice and Market Forces in the Netherlandsp. 67
Regulation, Choice, and Basic Values in Education in England and Wales: A Legal Perspectivep. 91
School Choice Policies and Social Integration: The Experience of England and Walesp. 131
Regulating School Choice in Belgium's Flemish Communityp. 157
The Civic Implications of Canada's Education Systemp. 187
School Choice and Civic Values in Germanyp. 213
School Choice and Its Regulation in Francep. 238
Italy: The Impossible Choicep. 268
Do Public and Religious Schools Really Differ? Assessing the European Evidencep. 287
Analysis and Commentary
Civic Republicanism, Political Pluralism, and the Regulation of Private Schoolsp. 315
Regulatory Strings and Religious Freedom: Requiring Private Schools to Promote Public Valuesp. 324
School Choice as a Question of Designp. 339
Regulation in Public and Private Schools in the United Statesp. 355
A Regulated Market Model: Considering School Choice in the Netherlands as a Model for the United Statesp. 368
Contributorsp. 383
Indexp. 385
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780815795179
ISBN-10: 0815795173
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 352
Published: 1st August 2004
Publisher: Brookings Institution
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 28.8 x 15.2  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.56