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Edirectives : Guide to European Union Law on E-Commerce - Commentary on the Directives on Distance Selling, Electronic Signatures, Electronic Commerce, Copyright in the Information Society and Data Protection - Arno R. Lodder

Edirectives

Guide to European Union Law on E-Commerce - Commentary on the Directives on Distance Selling, Electronic Signatures, Electronic Commerce, Copyright in the Information Society and Data Protection

By: Arno R. Lodder (Editor), H.W.K. Kaspersen (Editor)

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Published: 30th January 2002
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Commentary on the Directives on Distance Selling, Electronic Signatures, Electronic Commerce, Copyright in the Information Society, and Data Protection

The enhancement of e-commerce is one of the important policy issues in the European Union. To this purpose the laws of the EU Member States should be further harmonised. The European Union has adopted a number of Directives relating to different aspects of e-commerce which should be implemented in the laws of the Member States.

eDirectives: Guide to European Union Law on E-commerce provides article-by-article comments on four Directives central to the regulation of electronic commerce in the European Union (EU), viz. 97/7/EC on distance selling; 1999/93/EC on electronic signatures; 2000/31/EC on electronic commerce; and, 2001/29/EC on copyright in the information society.

In addition, a separate chapter deals with e-commerce and privacy protection, while the opening chapter discusses all other EU initiatives relevant for the regulation of e-commerce.

This volume is meant as comprehensive legal source of e-commerce legislation for both academics (LLM-students and academic staff) and practitioners (attorneys, company lawyers, consultants).

It is not only of interest for readers in the EU-Member States (because their national law is or is about to be adapted to the EU Directives), but also for readers in aspirant Member States of the EU, as well as for readers in other countries where e-commerce has emerged, like the Unites States of America.

Prefacep. v
Summary of contentsp. vii
Detailed table of contentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
What is e-commerce?p. 2
Types of electronic commercep. 3
The EU and e-commerce regulationp. 4
E-money and financial servicesp. 5
E-Taxp. 6
Jurisdictionp. 7
Miscellanyp. 7
Structure of the bookp. 8
Directive 97/7/EC on the protection of consumers in respect of distance contractsp. 11
Introductionp. 11
Article 2--Definitionsp. 12
Article 3--Exemptionsp. 13
Articles 4 and 5--Transparency rights of the consumerp. 14
The reason for the transparency provisionsp. 14
The point at which the information must be givenp. 14
The manner in which the information must be givenp. 15
Prior information-information to be given at the outsetp. 16
Information which must be confirmedp. 16
Article 6--Right of withdrawalp. 17
Article 7--Performancep. 24
Article 8--Payment by cardp. 26
Articles 9 and 10--Unsolicited supply and contactp. 26
Articles 11, 12 and 17--Access to justice, enforcement and consumer redressp. 27
Enforcementp. 27
Standing for consumer organisations?p. 28
Access to justice, out of court settlement and EEJ-netp. 29
Burden of proofp. 30
Contracting-outp. 30
Articles 13 and 14--Lex specialis and higher consumer protection standardsp. 30
Articles 15 and 18--Entry into force and implementation deadlinep. 30
Concluding remarksp. 31
Directive 1999/93/EC on a Community framework for electronic signaturesp. 33
Introductionp. 33
Terminologyp. 33
Crytography policyp. 34
First national legislative initiativesp. 36
The preparation of the Directivep. 37
Standardisationp. 39
Article 1--Scope of the Directivep. 40
Article 2--Definitionsp. 42
(Advanced) electronic signaturep. 42
Certificates and certification servicesp. 44
The certification services market--Articles 3(1 -3, 7) and 4(1)p. 45
Free circulation of certification servicesp. 45
No prior authorisationp. 47
Voluntary accreditationp. 47
Supervisionp. 51
Electronic signature products--Articles 3(4-6) and 4(2)p. 52
Free circulation of electronic signature productsp. 52
Secure signature-creation devicesp. 52
Secure signature-verification devicesp. 54
Article 5--Legal effects of electronic signaturesp. 55
Article 6--Liabilityp. 57
Qualified certificatep. 57
Issued to the publicp. 58
'Guaranteed to the public'p. 58
Claimant ('relying party')p. 59
Liability causesp. 59
Reasonable reliancep. 60
Absence of negligencep. 61
Limitation of liabilityp. 61
Articles 7-15--Other provisionsp. 63
Directive 2000/31/EC on certain legal aspects of information society services, in particular electronic commerce, in the Internal Marketp. 67
Introductionp. 67
General provisionsp. 69
Article 1--Objective and scopep. 69
Article 2--Definitionsp. 71
Article 3--Internal marketp. 74
Establishment and information requirementsp. 76
Article 4--Principle excluding prior authorisationp. 76
Article 5--General information to be providedp. 77
Commercial communicationsp. 78
Article 6--Information to be providedp. 78
Article 7--Unsolicited commercial communicationsp. 79
Article 8--Regulated professionsp. 81
Online contractsp. 81
Article 9--Treatment of contractsp. 82
Article 10--Information to be providedp. 83
Article 11--Placing of the orderp. 85
Liability of intermediary service providersp. 86
Article 12--'Mere conduit'p. 87
Article 13--'Caching'p. 87
Article 14--Hostingp. 88
Article 15--No general obligation to monitorp. 89
Codes of conduct and dispute settlementp. 90
Article 16--Codes of conductp. 90
Article 17--Out-of-court dispute settlementsp. 91
Article 18--Court actionsp. 91
Cooperation and sanctionsp. 92
Article 19--Cooperationp. 92
Article 20--Sanctionsp. 92
Articles 21-24--Final provisionsp. 92
Concluding remarksp. 93
Directive 2001/29/EC on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information societyp. 95
Article 1--Scopep. 95
Objectivep. 95
Scopep. 98
Article 2--Reproduction rightp. 98
Article 3--Communication to the publicp. 101
Article 4--Distribution rightp. 103
Article 5--Exceptions and limitationsp. 105
General observationsp. 106
Specific commentariesp. 107
Exceptions to reproduction rightp. 107
Exceptions to different rightsp. 109
Right of distributionp. 111
Valuationp. 111
Article 6--Technological measuresp. 112
Article 7--Rights-management informationp. 113
Articles 8-15--Common provisionsp. 115
Concluding observationsp. 116
Data protection and e-commercep. 119
Data protection and data protection instrumentsp. 119
Directive 95/46/ECp. 121
History and Implementationp. 121
Scopep. 121
Elaboration of the data protection principlesp. 123
Other safeguardsp. 125
The Telecommunications directive 97/66/ECp. 126
History and implementationp. 126
Scopep. 127
Relation to Directive 95/46/ECp. 128
The obligations under Directive 97/66/ECp. 129
Proposal for amendment of Directive 97/66/ECp. 133
History and background of the proposalp. 133
New definitionsp. 133
New important elements in the Directivep. 134
Conclusionp. 135
Some specific aspects of data protection in e-commercep. 136
Particular Privacy risks in e-commercep. 136
Traffic datap. 137
Cookiesp. 138
E-mail directoriesp. 140
Spam (unsolicited communications)p. 141
E-mail systemsp. 142
Remedies: Anonymity/pseudonymity?p. 142
Concluding observationsp. 144
Directive 97/7/ECp. 147
Directive 1999/93/ECp. 155
Directive 2000/31/ECp. 165
Directive 2000/29/ECp. 183
The authorsp. 197
Indexp. 201
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789041117526
ISBN-10: 9041117520
Series: Law & Electronic Commerce S.
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 220
Published: 30th January 2002
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.0 x 16.51  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.48