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Ecotoxicology in Theory and Practice : Ecotoxicolog Y, No 2 - T.L. Forbes

Ecotoxicology in Theory and Practice

Ecotoxicolog Y, No 2

Hardcover

Published: 30th November 1993
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The second in a series of books on ecotoxicology, this book presents a discussion of a variety of theoretical and practical issues involved in the study of ecotoxicology. By concentrating on the key (and often controversial) issues, the book provides an introduction for those new to ecotoxicology while stimulating veterans in the field into lively debate. Ecotoxicologists are faced with many challenges that range from the theoretical and practical limitations in the detection of pollutant effects on ecosystems, to deciding on adequate definitions for "pollutant impact" and "environmental quality", to the effective design, performance and interpretation of toxicity tests. This book addresses such issues and provides an in depth critique of current methodologies in ecotoxicology and a discussion of how the results of this science can best be applied to risk assessment and management decisions. Recent developments in ecotoxicology are assessed, promising approaches highlighted and future directions outlined. By focusing on the key issues in toxicity testing, this book challenges those working in the field of ecotoxicology to bridge the gap between two important processes - scientific understanding and decision making. Its aim is to spur debate and encourage a reassessment of current methodology. This book should be of interest to Ecotoxicologists (i.e. ecologists and toxicologists); pollution experts; Environmental Protection Agency personnel; and environmental scientists.

The book is full of interesting nuggets of information and many refreshing insights. It contains a wealth of key references from within and outside the subject: I cuold think of no better introductory text for undergraduate and postgraduate students of ecotoxicology wishing to learn about the real issues being debated within the field - SETAC; This volume packs much information into its relatively short length - American Zoology; This is an excellent book which the reader will find informative, thought-provoking and controversial. It is clearly written, with well-chosen examples and includes a comprehensive biography. The authors are to be congratulated on making a significant contribution to our understanding of ecotoxicological concepts and perhaps more importantly on highlighting their limitations - Biol.J.Linn.Soc; ... this book...provides a much needed presentation of the field of ecotoxicology which can not only be used as a textbook in the training of potential ecotoxicologists but also ought to be required reading for environmental administrators. Ecotoxicology in Theory and Practice is easy and enjoyable reading. It is clearly written, and its first-person style combined with many examples and anecdotes drawn from recent history make it unique in the genre of textbooks - ICES Newsletter

Series foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
Answers to some important questionsp. 1
What is ecotoxicology?p. 2
Pollution: what is it and what does it do?p. 8
What is the scope of ecotoxicology?p. 15
How are assessment and prediction accomplished?p. 22
Who performs ecotoxicity tests?p. 24
Decision making in ecotoxicology: science and society meetp. 28
Scientific and public perceptionsp. 29
Deciding what to protectp. 34
Deciding what is significantp. 42
Deciding what is acceptablep. 43
Obstacles to scientific understandingp. 44
Ecosystem health: a fit phrase?p. 48
Decisions in risk assessmentp. 51
Decisions in risk managementp. 62
Measuring ecotoxicological effects on populations, communities and ecosystemsp. 66
Field monitoringp. 67
Communitiesp. 71
Populations: studies of whole organismsp. 82
Populations: physiological and biochemical studiesp. 88
Populations: genetic studiesp. 98
Summary and conclusionsp. 103
Room for improvementp. 105
Application of toxicity testing in ecotoxicologyp. 105
Dose-effectp. 106
Problems with laboratory toxicity testsp. 109
Problems with standardizationp. 116
Ring tests, variability and standardizationp. 127
Importance of powerp. 133
Where is the eco?p. 137
Tolerance as a quantitative phenotypic traitp. 139
Integrated ecotoxicology: linking fate and effect within a biological hierarchyp. 149
A fundamental problemp. 149
The approachp. 150
Diagenesis of polyaromatic hydrocarbons in marine sedimentsp. 154
The case of the missing benthosp. 158
Effects of bioturbational mixingp. 166
Linking fate and effect through the biological mixing parameter [subscript B]p. 168
Coupling fate and effect to the population level of organizationp. 174
Quantifying the effect of bioturbation on biodegradationp. 178
The science gapp. 180
Ecotoxicology: past, present and futurep. 184
Where have we been?p. 185
Where are we now?p. 195
Where are we going?p. 204
How do we get there from here?p. 213
Referencesp. 221
Indexp. 242
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780412435300
ISBN-10: 0412435306
Series: Ecotoxicolog Y, No 2
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 248
Published: 30th November 1993
Publisher: Chapman and Hall
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 16.51  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.48