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Ecophysiology of Short Rotation Forest Crops - C.P. Mitchell

Ecophysiology of Short Rotation Forest Crops

By: C.P. Mitchell (Editor), J.B. Ford-Robertson (Editor), Thomas M. Hinckley (Editor), L. Sennerby-Forsse (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st December 1992
ISBN: 9781851668489
Number Of Pages: 308

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Short rotation forestry is a silvicultural regime designed to optimize production from lignocellulosic crops. Such systems are being developed as a means of producing a feedstock for energy and industry, as an alternative use for agricultural land, and as a means to sequester the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. This text has been compiled as a result of collaboration within the International Energy Agency Bioenergy Agreement. Its aim is to review the state of the art with respect to research and practical implications in order to aid the development of the technology for short rotation forestry production. Topics covered include: growth dynamics and canopy structure; nutritional dynamics; water relations; roots; clonal testing; coppicing ability and sustainability; pests, diseases and injuries; sustaining production; ecophysiological growth process models; feedstock characteristics and quality; and genetic improvement. The book is primarily aimed at researchers and practitioners of short rotation forestry, but should also be of interest to researchers involved with ecophysiology of other trees. It has far-reaching consequences for a wide range of disciplines including tree breeders, silviculturalists, pathologists, computer modellers and conversion experts.

Growth Dynamics and Canopy Structure
Genetic backgroundp. 2
Cell to leaf levelp. 6
Branch to crown levelp. 16
Whole tree to stand levelp. 23
Nutritional Dynamics and Requirements of Short Rotation Forests
Mineral nutrient requirements of SRF cropsp. 37
Nutrient dynamics in SRF plantationsp. 47
Management implicationsp. 56
Environmental considerationsp. 57
Water Relations
Cell water relationsp. 67
Drought tolerancep. 69
Dehydration postponement adaptationsp. 69
Dehydration tolerance adaptationsp. 73
Effects of nitrogen fertilizationp. 83
The Structure and Dynamics of Woody Plant Root Systems
Root morphologyp. 97
The fate of carbon translocated to rootsp. 101
Root biomassp. 102
Fine root dynamicsp. 106
Storage and mobilization of root reservesp. 107
Root reserves and coppice regrowthp. 111
Root silviculturep. 113
Clonal Testing and Selection for Field Plantations
North Central U.S. Testsp. 127
Pacific Northwest testsp. 132
Eastern Ontario testsp. 139
Regional comparisonsp. 142
Coppicing Ability and Sustainability
Methods to induce resprouting in woody speciesp. 147
Biological factors influencing resproutingp. 149
Cultural and environmental factors influencing resproutingp. 157
Production of coppice systemsp. 162
Senescence and decline of coppice growthp. 164
Variation in resprouting pattern as response to coppicingp. 167
Pests, Diseases and Injuries in Intensive Short Rotation Forestry
Avoidance and tolerancep. 185
Physiological statusp. 186
Frostp. 186
Droughtp. 192
Insectsp. 192
Pathogensp. 196
Mammalsp. 207
Sustaining Production: Nutrient Dynamics and Soils
Fertility management: nutrient inputs and lossesp. 217
Nutrition management: fertilizer usagep. 219
Diagnosing nutrient statusp. 223
Effects of short rotation forest management on soil productivityp. 224
Cropping strategies for increased sustainabilityp. 225
Ecophysiological Growth Process Models of Short Rotation Forest Crops
Models of short rotation forestsp. 235
Selected modelsp. 238
Summary of applications and limitationsp. 250
Future needs and directionsp. 251
Feedstock Characteristic and Quality
Physical traitsp. 270
Chemical traitsp. 274
The Role of Genetic Improvement in Short Rotation Forestry
High returns for genetic improvement in SRFp. 286
The power of the clonal approachp. 287
Breedingp. 290
Molecular biology and short rotation forest cropsp. 298
Integrated approach to genetic improvementp. 303
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781851668489
ISBN-10: 1851668489
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 308
Published: 31st December 1992
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.42