Throughout the 1980s major changes in development policy took place in several Third World socialist countries. This book traces the evolution of economic and food policy in Mozambique, Vietnam, Cuba and Nicaragua and examines why the shift from "orthodoxy" to "reform" occurred. The process of economic reform, it is argued, emerged in the context of a crisis of the post-revolutionary state, reflected in the latter's incapacity to mobilize surplus for basic needs provisioning and accumulation as well as to direct the evolution of the economy and society through planning and "hegemony". It is argued, however, that the reform process should not be seen merely as a pragmatic response on the part of planners and government leaders to crisis conditions and external ideological influences. Neither was it simply a case that "moderates" gained the upper hand on the "ideologues". Rather, the reform process was determined to a large extent by specific changes which occurred in the balance of social forces.
Particular attention is focused on the way in which different social groups struggled in defence of their economic interests; the nature of changes which had taken place in social structure; developments at the level of civil society; and the way in which different groups influenced the policy process via forms of "popular participation".
List of Tables and Maps - Acknowledgements - Introduction - PART 1 - Orthodoxy and Reform in Socialist Countries - PART 2 ECONOMIC AND FOOD POLICY REFORM IN MOZAMBIQUE, VIETNAM AND CUBA - Mozambique - Vietnam - Cuba - PART 3 ECONOMIC AND FOOD POLICY REFORM IN NICARAGUA - Introduction - Post-Revolutionary Food and Development Policy - Economic and Food Policy Reforms - The Nature of the Crisis - The Changing Balance of Social Forces, Participation and the Policy Process - Conclusion - Notes - PART 4 - The Political Economy of Economic and Food Policy Reform in Dependent Transitional Economies - Bibliography - Index
Series: International Political Economy
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 24th June 1992
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 13.97
Weight (kg): 0.58
Edition Number: 1